Asara, Asāra, Ashara, Āśara, Āśāra: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Asara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Āśara and Āśāra can be transliterated into English as Asara or Ashara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Asar.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Asāra (असार):—Undernourished

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

asāra : (adj.) worthless; sapless; vain.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Asāra, (n. adj.) (a + sāra) that which is not substance, worthlessness; adj. worthless, vain, idle Sn. 937 (= asāra nissāra sārâpagata Nd1 409); Dh. 11, 12 (cp. DhA. I, 114 for interpretation). (Page 88)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aśara (अशर).—a ( A) Ten. aśarīna a ( A) Twenty. Used of the Arabic year.

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asāra (असार).—a (S) Wanting sap or pith; unsubstantial, unsolid, unreal.

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asāra (असार).—m A roll of silk as wound off the wheel. 2 Amongst masons. The breadth of a wall: also the interval betwixt the opposing parts of a door or window-frame: also the area of the frame. 3 ( A Effect.) Communicated quality; smack, savor, tincture, tang. Ex. dudhāmadhyēṃ pāṇyācā a0 āhē; aṅgāmadhyēṃ tāpācā a0 āhē; pāṇyācā a0 lāgūna gāṇṭhōḍēṃ bhijalēṃ.

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asārā (असारा).—m The lines stretched on the loom (esp. before pājaṇa or the pasting).

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asārā (असारा).—m asārī f A wheel for winding silk (or cotton).

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āsara (आसर).—m R An interval in the rainy season of fine weather; a break.

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āsarā (आसरा).—m (āśraya S through ) An asylum or a refuge. 2 Shelter, defence, cover. 3 Support, lit. fig. sanction, authority, warrant. 4 pl as āsarē Water-demons.

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āsāra (आसार).—m A roll of silk as wound off the wheel. 2 Space betwixt the opposing parts of a door or window-frame.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

asāra (असार).—a Wanting sap, unsubstantial. m Communicated quality, savor.

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asārā (असारा).—m f A wheel for winding silk.

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āsarā (आसरा).—m A refuge; shelter; support. Sanction.

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āsāra (आसार).—m A roll of silk as wound off the wheel. Space betwixt the opposing parts of a door or window frames.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asāra (असार).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Sapless, insipid.

2) (a) Without essence, useless; असारः खलु संसारः (asāraḥ khalu saṃsāraḥ) Udb.; (b) worthless, unsubstantial, without strength, stuff or value, deprived of its essence; असारं संसारं परि- मुषितरत्नं त्रिभुवनम् (asāraṃ saṃsāraṃ pari- muṣitaratnaṃ tribhuvanam) Māl.5.3; U.1; असारे खलु संसारे सारमेतच्चतुष्टयम् (asāre khalu saṃsāre sārametaccatuṣṭayam) Dharm.12,13; तत्संसारमसारमेव निखिलं वुद्ध्वा वुधा बोधकाः (tatsaṃsāramasārameva nikhilaṃ vuddhvā vudhā bodhakāḥ) Bh.3.146.

3) Vain, unprofitable; Pt.1.28.

4) Weak, feeble, infirm, fragile; श्रुति- पथमसारम् (śruti- pathamasāram) Mu.6.14; बहूनामप्यसाराणां संहतिः कार्यसाधिका (bahūnāmapyasārāṇāṃ saṃhatiḥ kāryasādhikā) (samavāyo hi durjayaḥ) Pt.1.331; Śi.2.5.

5) Poor; Dk.4.

6) With no enthusiasm, not ready; सुयुद्धकामुकं सारमसारं विपरीतकम् (suyuddhakāmukaṃ sāramasāraṃ viparītakam) | Śukra.4.872.

-raḥ, -ram 1 Unessential or unimportant portion; कुर्यादसारभङ्गो हि सारभङ्गमपि स्फुटम् (kuryādasārabhaṅgo hi sārabhaṅgamapi sphuṭam) H.3.82.

2) Name of a tree (eraṇḍa).

3) Aloe wood. (Mar. agaru).

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Āśara (आशर).—(ā-śṝ-ac]

1) Fire.

2) A demon, goblin (rakṣas); स शरदाऽऽशरदावदवानलः (sa śaradā''śaradāvadavānalaḥ) Rām. ch.4.67.

3) Wind; आशरस्तु पुमान् वैश्वानरे च रजनीचरे (āśarastu pumān vaiśvānare ca rajanīcare) Medinī.

Derivable forms: āśaraḥ (आशरः).

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Āśāra (आशार).—Shelter; °एषिन् (eṣin) seeking shelter; आशारैषी कृशगुरेत्वस्तम् (āśāraiṣī kṛśaguretvastam) Av.4.15.6.

Derivable forms: āśāraḥ (आशारः).

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Āsāra (आसार).—[ā-sṛ-ghañ]

1) A hard or sharp-driving shower (of anything); आसारसिक्तक्षितिबाष्पयोगात् (āsārasiktakṣitibāṣpayogāt) R.13.29; Me.17; पुष्पासारैः (puṣpāsāraiḥ) 43; so तुहिन°, रुधिर° (tuhina°, rudhira°) &c.; बाष्पासारा (bāṣpāsārā) M.3.2 flooded or suffused with tears; धारासारैर्वृष्टिर्बभूव (dhārāsārairvṛṣṭirbabhūva) H.3 it rained in torrents.

2) Surrounding an enemy.

3) Attack, incursion.

4) The army of an ally or king (whose dominions are separated by other intervening states); पार्ष्णिग्राहासरौ अन्तःकोपं आटविकं वा समुत्थापयितुकामः (pārṣṇigrāhāsarau antaḥkopaṃ āṭavikaṃ vā samutthāpayitukāmaḥ) Kau. A.1.16.

5) Provision, food; अज्ञानविविधासारतोय- शस्यो व्रजेत्तु यः (ajñānavividhāsāratoya- śasyo vrajettu yaḥ) Pt.3.41,51.

Derivable forms: āsāraḥ (आसारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asāra (असार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Sapless, pithless. 2. Vein, unprofitable. 3. Weak, feeble. n.

(-raṃ) The castor oil tree. E. a priv. and sāra juice, sap, &c.

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Āśara (आशर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Fire. 2. An imp, a goblin. E. āṅ before śṛ to injure, ap affix; also āśira.

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Āsāra (आसार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A hard shower. 2. Surrounding an enemy. 3. The army of an ally, or of a king whose dominions are separated by other intervening states. E. āṅ before sṛ to go, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āsāra (आसार).—i. e. ā-sṛ + a, m. 1. A hard shower, [Pañcatantra] 94, 3. 2. A king whose dominions are separated by other intervening states, Kāmand. Nītis. 8, 17.

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Asāra (असार).—adj. 1. sapless, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 87. 2. insipid, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 188, 2; vain, [Pañcatantra] 165, 17. 3. weak, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 376. 4. bad, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 202. 5. poor, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 23. Sāra

Asāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and sāra (सार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asāra (असार).—[adjective] worthless, vain.

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Āsāra (आसार).—[masculine] shower of rain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asāra (असार):—[=a-sāra] mfn. sapless, without strength or value, without vigour, spoiled, unfit, unprofitable, [Manu-smṛti viii, 203; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (also) faithless, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘worthlessness’ See sārāsāra

4) [v.s. ...] Ricinus Communis (castor-oil tree), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Asārā (असारा):—[=a-sārā] [from a-sāra] f. the plant Musa Paradisiaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Asāra (असार):—[=a-sāra] n. Aloe wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Āśara (आशर):—[=ā-śara] m. (√śṝ), fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a Rākṣasa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Āśāra (आशार):—[=ā-śāra] m. (√śri), shelter, refuge.

10) Āsāra (आसार):—[=ā-sāra] a etc. See ā-√śri.

11) [=ā-sāra] [from ā-sṛ] b m. surrounding an enemy

12) [v.s. ...] incursion, attack, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a hard shower, [Mahābhārata; Meghadūta; Raghuvaṃśa; Mālavikāgnimitra; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] a king whose dominions are separated by other states and who is an ally in war, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asāra (असार):—[a-sāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Sapless; vain; weak. n. Castor oil tree.

2) Āśara (आशर):—[ā-śara] (raḥ) 1. m. Air; an imp.

3) Āsāra (आसार):—[ā-sāra] (raḥ) 1. m. A hard shower; surrounding an enemy.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Asāra (असार):—(3. a + sāra)

1) adj. saftlos, was seine ursprüngliche Kraft und Gehalt verloren hat, ohne Saft und Kraft, verdorben, untauglich, schwach, gebrechlich, = phalgu [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 6.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1446.] phalaṃ pakvamasāraṃ vā [Suśruta 1, 105, 15.] dadhi [178, 10. 19] (Gegens. dadhnaḥ saraḥ). (vikrayamarhati) na cāsāram [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 203.] hastyaśvam [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 11.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 184.] bahūnāmapyasārāṇāṃ samavāyo balāvahaḥ [Pañcatantra I, 376.] saṃsāra [33, 12. 165, 17.] [Bhartṛhari 1, 19.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 95, 11.] asārāḥ santvete virativirasāyāsaviṣayāḥ [Bhartṛhari 1, 51.] evaṃprāyeṣvasāreṣu dhīmāṃko nāma majjati [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 133.] sārāsāraṃ ca bhāṇḍānām [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 331.] —

2) m. Name einer Pflanze, Ricinus communis, [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) n. Agallochum [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Āśara (आशर):—m.

1) Feuer [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 115.] —

2) ein Rakṣas [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 55.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 187.] [Medinīkoṣa] — Vgl. āśira .

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Āśāra (आशार):—(von śar = śri mit ā) Obdach; s. d. folg. W.

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Āsāra (आसार):—(von sar mit ā) m.

1) Umschliessung des Feindes (prasaraṇa) [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 64.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 329.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 521.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 114.] —

2) Platzregen [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 13.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 165.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Vikramorvaśī 57, 19.] [Meghadūta 17.] meghaiḥ satatāsāraṃ varṣadbhiḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 1300.] [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 29.] āsāreṣu [Bhartṛhari 1, 46.] tuhinakaṇāsāra [Amaruśataka 54.] puṣpāsāra [Meghadūta 44.] rudhirāsāra [Kathāsaritsāgara.22, 226.] premarasāsāravarṣiṇā cakṣuṣā [11, 49.] —

3) das Heer des Bundesgenossen [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 790.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

4) Mundvorrath (?): ajñātavivadhāsāratoyaśaspo vrajettu yaḥ . pararāṣṭraṃ sa no bhūyaḥ svarāṣṭramadhigacchati [Pañcatantra III, 39.] tasmāddurgaṃ dṛḍhaṃ kṛtvā subhaṭāsārasaṃyutam . prākāraparikhāyuktaṃ śastrādibhiralaṃkṛtam .. [48.]

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Asāra (असार):—

1) ghana [Spr. 2858.] saṃsāra [?290. 936, v. l. Daśakumāracarita in Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 188, 2.] von einem Menschen [180, 23.] sārāsāra ist n. und bedeutet die Tauglichkeit oder Untauglichkeit; vgl. ausser [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 331] noch svabale sārāsāravicāraḥ kriyatām [Hitopadeśa ed. JOHNS. 2206 ( ed. SCHL. 104, 7] eine schlechte Lesart aufgenommen).

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Āsāra (आसार):—

2) kadambāḥ saṃtatāsāramūrchitāḥ [Harivaṃśa 4585.] kusumāsārāḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 83, 27.] śarkarāḥ Hagel [76, 11.] dhārāsaṃpātavajjalopalāḥ Schol. — Vgl. dhārāsāra. —

3) genauer ein durch mehrere zwischenliegende Länder getrennter Fürst, der im Fall eines Krieges ein natürlicher Bundesgenosse ist, [KĀM. NĪTIS. 8, 17. 43. 46. 11, 15. 16. 13, 71. 87. 15, 5.] Hierher gehören auch die u.

4) aufgeführten Stellen, so dass

4) ganz zu streichen und st. dessen zu setzen ist: ein best. Metrum [kāvyādarśa 1, 37.]

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Āsāra (आसार):—

2) sudhāsāra [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 32. 38, 125] (hier falsch zerlegt).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Asāra (असार):——

1) m. n. in sārāsāra Tauglichkeit oder Untauglichkeit.

2) Adj. — a) untauglich , werthlos , nichtig. — b) *leer [Galano's Wörterbuch] —

3) m. *Ricinus communis.

4) *f. ā Musa paradisiaca [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa (roth) ] —

5) n. *Aloeholz.

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Āśara (आशर):—m.

1) Feuer.

2) ein Rākṣasa.

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Āsāra (आसार):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) Platzregen , heftiger Erguss überh. [Mālavikāgnimitra 56.] —

2) *Umschliessung des Feindes.

3) ein durch mehrere zwischen liegende Länder getrennter Fürst , der im Fall eines Krieges ein natürlicher Bundesgenosse ist.

4) ein best. Metrum.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Asara (असर) [Also spelled asar]:—(nm) effect; influence; impression.

2) Asāra (असार) [Also spelled asar]:—(a) worthless; unsubstantial; unreal; illusory; immaterial; hence ~[] (nf).

3) Āsarā (आसरा) [Also spelled asra]:—(nm) reliance; shelter.

4) Āsāra (आसार) [Also spelled aasar]:—(nm) symptom, sign; breadth of a wall;—[najara ānā] some signs to be visible.

context information

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