Siri, Sirī, Sīri, Shiri, Śiri: 17 definitions


Siri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śiri can be transliterated into English as Siri or Shiri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sīri (सीरि).—(Baladeva).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 85; V. 36. 13.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Siri - One of the palaces of Anomadassi Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.viii.18.

2. Siri - One of the palaces of Sujata Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.xiii.21.

3. Siri - One of the patrons of Tissa Buddha. Bu.xviii.23.

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1. Siri. The goddess of Luck; she was the daughter of Dhatarattha (J.iii.257). For a story about her see the Sirikalakanni Jataka. She is identified with Uppalavanna (J.iii.264).

2. Siri. One of the four daughters of Sakka (J.v.392). See the Sudhabhojana Jataka.

3. Siri. See the Siri Jataka. There Siri is personified as Luck. See also DA.i.97; MU. 191; cf. Lakkhi.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Siri in India is the name of a plant defined with Desmostachya bipinnata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Poa cynosuroides Retz., also spelled cynosuriodes (among others).

2) Siri in Senegal is also identified with Burkea africana It has the synonym Burkea africana var. cordata Welw. ex Oliv. (etc.).

3) Siri in Southern Africa is also identified with Tarchonanthus camphoratus It has the synonym Tarchonanthus camphoratus Houtt. ex DC. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Capensis (1900)
· Journal of Applied Ecology (1999)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Flora (1855)
· Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda (1762)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1836)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Siri, for example diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

siri : (f.) luck; glory; wealth; splendour; the goddess of luck. || sirī (f.), luck; glory; wealth; splendour; the goddess of luck.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sirī, (siri) (f.) (Vedic śrī) 1. splendour, beauty Sn. 686 (Instr. siriyā); J. VI, 318 (siriṃ dhāreti).—2. luck, glory, majesty, prosperity S. I, 44 (Nom. siri); J. II, 410 (siriṃ), 466; DA. I, 148; VvA. 323 (Instr. buddha-siriyā). rajjasirī-dāyikā devatā the goddess which gives prosperity to the kingdom DhA. II, 17; sirī+lakkhī splendour & luck J. III, 443.—3. the goddess of luck D. I, 11 (see Rh. D. Buddhist India 216—222); DA. I, 97; J. V, 112; Miln. 191 (°devatā).—4. the royal bed-chamber (=sirigabbha) J. VI, 383.—assirī unfortunate Nett 62=Ud. 79 (reads sassar’iva). sassirīka (q. v.) resplendent SnA 91; sassirika J. V, 177 (puṇṇa-canda°); opp. nissirīka (a) without splendour J. VI, 225, 456; (b) unlucky VvA. 212 (for alakkhika).—The composition form is siri°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śirī (शिरी).—f (śira Head.) The ornamental cloth on the head (of elephants, horses &c.)

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śiri (शिरि).—[śṝ-ki]

1) A sword.

2) A killer, murderer.

3) An arrow.

4) A locust. -a. Fierce.

Derivable forms: śiriḥ (शिरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śiri (शिरि).—(°-) and Śirī-, often, semi-MIndic for Śrī, both alone and in cpds; examples § 3.108.

--- OR ---

Śirī (शिरी) or Śrī.—(1) name of a devakumārikā in the northern quarter: Mahāvastu iii.309.9 = Lalitavistara 391.4 (read Śirī in both); one of four daughters of Indra, Mahāvastu ii.57.2 ff., see Āśā; (2) name of one of the 8 deities of the Bodhi-tree: Lalitavistara 331.21; (3) name of the mother of the Buddha Maṅgala: Śirī (n.) Mahāvastu i.249.17; also Śirikā i.252.6 (verse); (4) name of a brahman's daughter, in the ‘Śiri-jātaka’: Mahāvastu ii.89.19 ff. (Śirir, n., 89.19; Śirikāṃ 90.4, prose; Śiriye, g., 90.5; Śirī, n., 91.4; Śiri, n., 94.2, 9, 11, v.l. Śirī); (5) honorifically added at the end of proper names, as in Sanskrit only at the beginning (Sadbhāvaśrī, as name of a goddess, Rājat. 3.353, is not analogous); noted only in Mahāvastu: Kolita-śirī Mahāvastu i.62.10; Rāhula-śiri i.128.13; iii.258.15 ff.; 260.9 ff.; Śyāma- (°maka-)-śiri, see the names; Kāśyapa-śirī (the former Buddha) iii.243.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiri (शिरि).—m.

(-riḥ) 1. A sword. 2. An arrow. 3. A murderer, a killer. 4. A locust. E. śṝ to injure or kill, Unadi aff. i, and the radical vowel changed to ir .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiri (शिरि).—i. e. śṛ10 + i, m. 1. A sword. 2. An arrow. 3. A murderer. 4. A locust.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīri (शीरि).—[feminine] a vein.

--- OR ---

Śīrī (शीरी).—[feminine] a vein.

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Sirī (सिरी).—[feminine] shuttle or female weaver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śiri (शिरि):—m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 142]) a murderer, killer

2) a sword

3) an arrow

4) a locust.

5) Śīri (शीरि):—or śīrī f. (cf. sirā) a vein, artery, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

6) Śīrī (शीरी):—or śīri f. (cf. sirā) a vein, artery, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

7) Sirī (सिरी):—m. or f. ([probably]) a shuttle (others, ‘a weaver’), [Ṛg-veda x, 71, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiri (शिरि):—(riḥ) 2. m. A sword, arrow; murderer; locust.

[Sanskrit to German]

Siri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Shiri in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) sweet; lovely; (nf) the celebrated beloved of Farhad; ~[kalama/jabana] sweet-spoken; ~[vayana] sweet-spoken; ~[bayani] sweet speech..—shiri (शीरीं) is alternatively transliterated as Śīrīṃ.

2) Sīrī (सीरी):—(nm) a cropper.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sirī (सिरी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śrī.

2) Sīri (सीरि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sīrin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Siri (ಸಿರಿ):—

1) [noun] riches; wealth.

2) [noun] Lakṣmi, the Goddess of Wealth.

3) [noun] beauty; loveliness; comeliness.

4) [noun] development; progress; prosperity.

5) [noun] copiousness; abundance; plenty.

6) [noun] greatness; superiority; excellence; speciality.

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Sīri (ಸೀರಿ):—[noun] = ಸೀರಧರ - [siradhara -]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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