Siri, aka: Sirī, Sīri, Shiri, Śiri; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Siri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śiri can be transliterated into English as Siri or Shiri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sīri (सीरि).—(Baladeva).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 85; V. 36. 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Siri - One of the palaces of Anomadassi Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.viii.18.

2. Siri - One of the palaces of Sujata Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.xiii.21.

3. Siri - One of the patrons of Tissa Buddha. Bu.xviii.23.

-- or --

1. Siri. The goddess of Luck; she was the daughter of Dhatarattha (J.iii.257). For a story about her see the Sirikalakanni Jataka. She is identified with Uppalavanna (J.iii.264).

2. Siri. One of the four daughters of Sakka (J.v.392). See the Sudhabhojana Jataka.

3. Siri. See the Siri Jataka. There Siri is personified as Luck. See also DA.i.97; MU. 191; cf. Lakkhi.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

siri : (f.) luck; glory; wealth; splendour; the goddess of luck. || sirī (f.), luck; glory; wealth; splendour; the goddess of luck.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sirī, (siri) (f.) (Vedic śrī) 1. splendour, beauty Sn. 686 (Instr. siriyā); J. VI, 318 (siriṃ dhāreti).—2. luck, glory, majesty, prosperity S. I, 44 (Nom. siri); J. II, 410 (siriṃ), 466; DA. I, 148; VvA. 323 (Instr. buddha-siriyā). rajjasirī-dāyikā devatā the goddess which gives prosperity to the kingdom DhA. II, 17; sirī+lakkhī splendour & luck J. III, 443.—3. the goddess of luck D. I, 11 (see Rh. D. Buddhist India 216—222); DA. I, 97; J. V, 112; Miln. 191 (°devatā).—4. the royal bed-chamber (=sirigabbha) J. VI, 383.—assirī unfortunate Nett 62=Ud. 79 (reads sassar’iva). sassirīka (q. v.) resplendent SnA 91; sassirika J. V, 177 (puṇṇa-canda°); opp. nissirīka (a) without splendour J. VI, 225, 456; (b) unlucky VvA. 212 (for alakkhika).—The composition form is siri°.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

śirī (शिरी).—f (śira Head.) The ornamental cloth on the head (of elephants, horses &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śiri (शिरि).—[śṝ-ki]

1) A sword.

2) A killer, murderer.

3) An arrow.

4) A locust. -a. Fierce.

Derivable forms: śiriḥ (शिरिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śiri (शिरि).—(°-) and Śirī-, often, semi-MIndic for Śrī, both alone and in cpds; examples § 3.108.

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Śirī (शिरी) or Śrī.—(1) n. of a devakumārikā in the northern quarter: Mv iii.309.9 = LV 391.4 (read Śirī in both); one of four daughters of Indra, Mv ii.57.2 ff., see Āśā; (2) n. of one of the 8 deities of the Bodhi-tree: LV 331.21; (3) n. of the mother of the Buddha Maṅgala: Śirī (n.) Mv i.249.17; also Śirikā i.252.6 (verse); (4) n. of a brahman's daughter, in the ‘Śiri-jātaka’: Mv ii.89.19 ff. (Śirir, n., 89.19; Śirikāṃ 90.4, prose; Śiriye, g., 90.5; Śirī, n., 91.4; Śiri, n., 94.2, 9, 11, v.l. Śirī); (5) honorifically added at the end of proper names, as in Sanskrit only at the beginning (Sadbhāvaśrī, as n. of a goddess, Rājat. 3.353, is not analogous); noted only in Mv: Kolita-śirī Mv i.62.10; Rāhula-śiri i.128.13; iii.258.15 ff.; 260.9 ff.; Śyāma- (°maka-)-śiri, see the names; Kāśyapa-śirī (the former Buddha) iii.243.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śiri (शिरि).—m.

(-riḥ) 1. A sword. 2. An arrow. 3. A murderer, a killer. 4. A locust. E. śṝ to injure or kill, Unadi aff. i, and the radical vowel changed to ir .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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