Markandeya, aka: Mārkandeya, Mārkaṇḍeya; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Markandeya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Mārkaṇḍeya (मार्कण्डेय).—A Siddha not lost in deluge;1 son of Mṛkaṇḍa;2 his firm and non-parallelled tapas and vow of celibacy; saw the Puruṣa sleeping on a leaf of the vaṭavṛksa; his āśrama near the Himālayas on a Śila-citra; Indra sent the God of Love, Apsaras and others to disturb him, but in vain; the mahātmā, seeing Hari in Nara-Nārāyaṇa form praised him; pleased with him as one who would be ever meditating on his feet Hari showed him what a pralaya was; Pārvatī and Śiva. saw him, and were praised; when Śiva offered to grant him anything he wanted, he expressed his wish to be ever devoted to him and Hari; pleased with him Śiva went away with Pārvatī; this worthy son of the Bhṛgu race having earned Yogic vision and absolutely devoted to Hari even now goes about the world;3 an authority on Rāma's story.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. 12; Matsya-purāṇa 2. 13; 186-3.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 45.
  • 3) Ib. XII. Chh. 8, 9 and 10.
  • 4) Ib. VII. 1. 44.

1b) A contemporary of Dattātreya; Purohita, the fourth incarnation of Dāttātreya, born to help him;1 narrated the mārkaṇḍeya purāṇa;2 acted as Brahmā in Paraśurāma's sacrifice.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 11; III. 73. 89; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 242; 53. 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 89; 109. 24; 112. 34.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 242; 53. 26.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 47. 46; IV. 39. 55.

1c) Speaks of the greatness of the Narmadā to Yudhiṣṭhira;1 came to Syamantapāncaka to see Kṛṣṇa.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 190. 1; 191. 81; 192. 6; 193. 66; 194. 48.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 84. 4.

1d) A son of Manasvinī and Mṛkaṇḍu;1 wife Dhūmrapatnī and son Vedaśiras;2 present at Rāma's abhiṣeka.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 5; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 4.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 7.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 99.

1e) A disciple of Indra Pramati entrusted with a Samhitā; his son and grandson were respectively Satyaśravas and Satyahita who traditionally handed it down.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 60. 27-28.

1f) The sages, descendants and sons of Pīvarī and Vedaśiras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 6.

1g) A Mahā Purāṇa told by Mārkaṇḍeya; containing 9000 ślokas; he who copies it and makes a gift of it in the month of Kārttika attains the fruits of Puṇḍarīka yajña.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 24; 13. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 53. 26-7.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mārkaṇḍeya (मार्कण्डेय) or Śveta, the son of Sage Mṛkaṇḍu was born to a couple when they propitiated Śiva with their prayers. At the time of granting them their wish, Śiva gave them a choice between an intelligent son with a short life or an idiot, living for hundred years. Mṛkaṇḍu opted for an intelligent child. In course of time the couple begot a son and they called him Mārkaṇḍeya. The young Mārkaṇḍeya was not only extremely intelligent but also a great devotee of Śiva.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Once there was a Brahmana couple who were issueless for a very long time. They practiced severe austerities and penances directed towards Lord Shiva. At last the Lord appeared before them and asked them to state their desire. The asked for a son to give purpose to their lives. Shiva offered them two choices, a son who would be wealthy, powerful and long lived, but of ill character, or a son who would be virtuous, but who will die when he turns sixteen. The Brahmana asked for a son who would be virtuous. The Lord granted the boon and disappeared.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Mārkaṇḍeya (मार्कण्‍डेय) is an ancient rishi (sage) from the Hindu tradition, born in the clan of Bhrigu Rishi. He is celebrated as a devotee of both Shiva and Vishnu and is mentioned in a number of stories from the Puranas. He is also mentioned in the Mahabharata. Also see: Markandeya Purana.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Markandeya: The story of Markandeya, who defied death and won immortality as a star in space (SSS-II) Markandeya: As a boy, he knew all the Vedas and Sastras; at 16, he started meditating on Shiva so steadfastly that the day of his death passed him by, and he remained 16 for the next 10 million years. (See also: Markandeya , Hinduism, Hinduism Dictionary, Sanskrit Dictionary, Body Mind and Soul)

(Source): Experience Festival: Hinduism

Markandeya was an ancient Hindu rishi (sage), and a devotee of Shiva and Vishnu. Shiva had once rescued Markandeya from Yama, the god of death. Many years ago, a great destruction (Pralaya) took place. The earth was shrouded in darkness and nothing could be seen. There was neither sun nor moon. Lightning and thunder crushed mountains and trees. There were showers of meteors. Lakes and rivers dried up. The entire earth burnt with fire and the flames of the fire reached down to the underworld. All living beings perished in this fire, including the gods and the demons.

There was a sage named Markandeya. While all this was going on, Markandeya was busy meditating. Such was the power of Markandeya's tapasya that the fire dared not touch him. But it is also true that Markandeya was scared of the fire that raged all around him. He suffered from hunger and thirst and forgot all about his tapasya. His lips and throat dried up from fear. Markandeya discovered that there was a banyan tree that was untouched by all these ravages. He retired to the shade of the banyan tree and started to pray to Vishnu.

(Source): India Divine: Sri Markandeya an ancient Hindu rishi

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mārkaṇḍēya (मार्कंडेय).—m (S) The name of a sage, the reputed author of one of the Puran̤s--the mārkaṇḍēya purāṇa. Applied, appellatively, to a very old man.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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