Godavari, aka: Godāvarī, Godāvari, Go-davari; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Godavari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Godavari in Purana glossaries]

Godāvarī (गोदावरी).—Name of a river originating from Sahya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Godāvari (गोदावरि).—R. from the Sahya hill, the northern part of the Sahya where the Godāvari is a charming spot. Here was founded the town Govardhana, and was planted flower trees by Bharadvāja.1 R. sacred to Pitṛs, filled with Lingas; also Jāmadagnītīrtham; personified as a wife of Havyavāhana fire.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 12. 15; II. 16. 34-45; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 104, 112. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 12.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 46 and 57-8; 51. 13; 114. 29; 163. 61. Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 13.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Godavari in Katha glossaries]

Godāvarī (गोदावरी).—One of the four rivers if India mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—The river Godāvarī has its source in the Brahmagiri, situated on the side of a village called Tryambaka about 20 miles away from Nāsik. The river flows eastward to the bay of Bengal. The City Pratiṣṭhāna of Kuntal country was situated on the bank of Godāvarī.

(Source): Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Kavya (poetry)

[Godavari in Kavya glossaries]

Godāvarī (गोदावरी) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—A popular river in south India. Its origin has been traced to the Brahmagiri, situated on the side of a village Tryambak, which is twenty miles away from Nāsik. The river Godāvarī flows eastward to the Bay of Bengal.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Godavari in Itihasa glossaries]

Godāvarī (गोदावरी) refers to the name of a River or Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.20, II.9, III.83.30, III.86.2, VI.10.13). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Godāvarī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[Godavari in Tibetan Buddhism glossaries]

Godāvarī (गोदावरी) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Vīramatī, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Vīramatī is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the eastern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Māmakī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Godāvarī is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Godāvarī is to be contemplated as situated in the left ear. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitioners

The Vārāhyabhyudayatantra is an explanatory tantra on the Laghuśaṃvara, but its verses are largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra, a scriputre describing various sādhanas (path towards spiritual realization).

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

[Godavari in India history glossaries]

Godāvari is the name of a major historic river of Āndhradeśa (Andhra country).—The evolution of Āndhra culture through the ages in its manifold facets succoured by its rivers presents a large diversity nevertheless wiih an all pervading underlying unity. The Brahmakuṇḍi or Guṇḍlakamma unlike several other larger rivers which are tributaries, has an independent course and falls into the Bay of Bengal. It had more in common with the larger rivers (eg., Godāvari) except in its length where it resembles the minor rivers. On either side of the holy river, flourished kingdoms of the Yādavas of Addanki and of the Reḍḍis subsequently. Centres of pilgrimage, eg., Kanuparti had their heyday. The region and the river are celebrated in the records and literature of the Reḍḍis and relics of bygone glory are seen even today.

(Source): archive.org: S.V.U.Oriental Journal, Vol. XI, Jan-Dec 1968, Parts 1&2

Godavarī (गोदवरी) is the name of a river found in India .—The word literally means granting water or kind. It is the largest and the longest river in South India. For details about its course and its tributaries, we may rely on the descriptiongiven by Dr. B. C. Law in his book Historical Geosraphy of Ancient India, pp. 37-38.

(Source): archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Godāvarī (गोदावरी) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Stein has identified the Godāvarī with a small stream associated with the Godara mountain and the village named Godara. Close to the west of the village Godara “situated on the right bank of the Viśokā 75° 1'. long. 30° 36' lat.” the Viśokā is joined by the sacred rivulet Godāvarī and the confluence forms a well-known tīrtha.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Godāvarī (गोदावरी) is the name of a river found witin Triliṅga: an ancient Sanskrit name of the Andhra country, accoriding to verses on the Annavarappāḍu plates of Kāṭaya Vema Reḍḍi. The Reḍḍis (Reddy) were an ancient Telugu dynasty from the 14th century who brought about a golden age of the Andhra country. According to the plates, their captial was named Addaṅki (Addaṃki) which resembled Heaven (Amarāvatī) by the beauty of its horses, the donors and the women. King Vema, son of Anna-bhūpati of the Paṇṭa family, can be identified with Anavema of the inscription at Śrīśaila.

(Source): Epigraphia Indica Vol. 36: Tenali plates of eastern Chālukya Vijayāditya I grant
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Godavari in Sanskrit glossaries]

Godāvarī (गोदावरी).—Name of a river in the south.

Godāvarī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and dāvarī (दावरी). See also (synonyms): godā.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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