Maricavatti, Maricavaṭṭi: 2 definitions


Maricavatti means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Maricavatti in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A cetiya in Anuradhapura and a monastic building attached to it. The cetiya was built by Dutthagamani on the spot where the kings spear, containing the Buddhas relic given to him by the monks (Mhv.xxv.1), was planted, when Dutthagamani went to the Tissavapi for his ceremonial bathing after his consecration. When the kings men attempted to remove the spear they found it impossible, and the king, after consultation with the monks, decided to build a cetiya enclosing the spot with a vihara attached. The work was completed in three years and a great ceremony of dedication was held, the building and the ceremony costing nineteen crores. The vihara was called Maricavatti because it was intended by the king as expiation for having once eaten a pepper pod (maricavatti) without sharing it with the monks, thus violating the vow of his childhood. For the building of the vihara, see Mhv.xxvi.1ff.; the vow is mentioned at Mhv.xxii.80; the Dpv. makes no mention of Maricavatti.

Voharika Tissa renovated the vihara (Mhv.xxxvi.33, 36), while Gothabhaya built an uposatha hall (Mhv.xxxvi.107) and Vasabha provided a mantling for the thupa (Mhv.xxxv.121).

Kassapa II. built a pasada in the vihara and gave it to the Thera who, at one time, lived in Nagasala (Cv.xliv.149). Kassapa IV. entrusted the care of the Bodhi tree at Maricavatti to the bhikkhunis at the Tissarama, which he built for them (Cv.lii.24), while Kassapa V. restored the whole vihara, gave it to the Theravadins and granted five hundred maintenance villages (Cv.lii.45). Deva, mother of Sakkasenapati, provided a diadem jewel for the Buddha image in the vihara, also a halo, an umbrella and a garment (Cv.lii.65). Dappula III. gave a maintenance village to the vihara (Cv.liii.2), while Mahinda IV. started to build in it a pasada called Candana, which does not seem to have been completed (Cv.liv.40). Parakkamabahu I. found the thupa destroyed by the Damilas and rebuilt it to the height of eighty cubits (Cv.lxxviii.99).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Maricavaṭṭi-vihāra (Mirisvāṭiya) is the name of a building at the Mahāvihāra in Anurādhapura.—The thūpa was constructed by Duṭṭhagāmaṇi Abhaya (B.C. 161-137) and in it he enshrined his spear which contained a Relic. Gajabāhu I (114-136) made a mantling for the thūpa. Vohārika Tissa (209-231) renovated the umbrella and built a wall. Kassapa V (914-923) restored the thūpa and all the buildings in the Vihāra which is called Mirisviṭi in his inscription. Parakkamabāhu I (1153-1186) restored the thūpa to a height of 80 cubits (120 feet). Nissaṅka Malla (1187-1196) carried out some restoration work at Mirisaviṭi.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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