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Marica, aka: Marīca, Mārīca; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Marica means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Mārīca (मारीच).—A son of Sunda and Tāḍaka; set up by Rāvaṇa to take the form of a golden deer in order to secure Sītā: killed by Rāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 5, 10; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 35-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 72; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 89.

1b) The author of a Purāṇa: married Pulomā and Kālakā, daughters of Vaiśvānara: These had 1000 sons besides the fourteen who lived in Hiraṇyapura.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 5; III. 6. 26; 7. 464; 47. 60.

1c) (Mārīcakaśyapa): a son of Antardhāna and grandson of Pṛthu;1 his wife Vasu abandoned him for Soma;2 his sons are said to reside in the Somapatha worlds of the Pitṛs.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 4. 45.
  • 2) Ib. 23. 25.
  • 3) Ib. 14. 1.

1d) A devagaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 50.

1e) Kaśyapa gotrakāras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Marica (मरिच):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “black pepper”, a flowering vine from the Piperaceae (pepper) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Piper nigrum. It is native to south India and preferably grows in tropical regions.

This plant (Marica) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Ūṣaṇa or Śvetamārica. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Trikaṭu group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Marica (मरिच).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—It is black in colour, pungent in taste, irritant, hot and pramāthī (eliminating malas from srotas as by churning). It breaks the mass of kapha and is anti-lipid.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Mārīca (मारीच), the son of demoness Tāṭikā. When Viśvāmitra asked Rāma to kill that impish woman and her two sons, the second son Mārīca, escaped from Rāma’s arrows and fled to the forests, engaged himself in ascetic activities. Rāvaṇa meets him and instigates him to take revenge on Rāma for killing his mother and brother.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (rāmāyaṇa)
context information

Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Marīca (मरीच)—One of the field-crops mentioned in the Jātakas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

marica : (nt.) pepper; chillies.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Marica, (nt.) (cp. scientific Sk. marica) black pepper Vin. I, 201 (allowed as medicine to the bhikkhus); Miln. 63.

—gaccha the M. -shrub J. V, 12. —cuṇṇa powdered pepper, fine pepper J. I, 455. (Page 524)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 29 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shvetamarica
Śvetamārica (श्वेतमारिच):—Another name for Marica  (Piper nigrum), a species of m...
Maricakashyapa
Marīcakaśyapa (मरीचकश्यप).—A Prajāpati; husband of Aditī and father of the Ādityas.** Vāy...
Rama
Rāma-worship in Rājasthān.—The rulers of Mewār claimed their descent from Rāma. A temple of Sīt...
Ravana
King Ravana of Ramayana era (5677-5577 BCE).—Rajavaliya, a Simhalese chronicle mentions that Si...
Phala
Phala (फल, “outcomes”) refers to one of the various tools used by authors displaying their skil...
Gana
Gāna (गान, “popular music”).—That which has been written by the composers (vāggeyakāra), which ...
Trikatu
Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug combination.&mdas...
Panaka
Pānaka (पानक, “syrup”).—Decoction (of drug) added with sugar is again cook...
Svedana
Svedana (स्वेदन, “sudation”).—One of the six Upakramas, or ‘therapeu...
Vaishvanara
Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—Protector deity of the south-eastern cremation ground.—The southeast (āg...
Vesha
Veṣa (वेष).—Clothes coming from many marts are of various kinds. They are chiefly of three kind...
Tadaka
Tāḍakā (ताडका).—Wife of Sundā (Mārica, Vāyu-purāṇa) and mother of Mārīca;1 was killed by...
Katuka
1) Kaṭuka (कटुक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Helleborus niger, a perennial flowering pla...
Sunda
Sunda (सुन्द) and Upasunda are two Asura brothers, surpassing the three worlds in valour, accor...
Hiranyapura
Hiraṇyapura (हिरण्यपुर) refers to Hiraṇyapura-bhoga, where bhoga refers to a division of a rājy...

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