Marica, aka: Marīca, Mārīca, Mārica; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Marica means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Maricha.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Mārīca (मारीच).—A son of Sunda and Tāḍaka; set up by Rāvaṇa to take the form of a golden deer in order to secure Sītā: killed by Rāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 5, 10; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 35-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 72; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 89.

1b) The author of a Purāṇa: married Pulomā and Kālakā, daughters of Vaiśvānara: These had 1000 sons besides the fourteen who lived in Hiraṇyapura.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 5; III. 6. 26; 7. 464; 47. 60.

1c) (Mārīcakaśyapa): a son of Antardhāna and grandson of Pṛthu;1 his wife Vasu abandoned him for Soma;2 his sons are said to reside in the Somapatha worlds of the Pitṛs.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 4. 45.
  • 2) Ib. 23. 25.
  • 3) Ib. 14. 1.

1d) A devagaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 50.

1e) Kaśyapa gotrakāras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 9.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Ayurveda (science of life)

Marica (मरिच):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “black pepper”, a flowering vine from the Piperaceae (pepper) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Piper nigrum. It is native to south India and preferably grows in tropical regions.

This plant (Marica) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Ūṣaṇa or Śvetamārica. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Trikaṭu group of medicinal drugs.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Marica (मरिच).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—It is black in colour, pungent in taste, irritant, hot and pramāthī (eliminating malas from srotas as by churning). It breaks the mass of kapha and is anti-lipid.

(Source): Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Mārīca (मारीच), the son of demoness Tāṭikā. When Viśvāmitra asked Rāma to kill that impish woman and her two sons, the second son Mārīca, escaped from Rāma’s arrows and fled to the forests, engaged himself in ascetic activities. Rāvaṇa meets him and instigates him to take revenge on Rāma for killing his mother and brother.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (rāmāyaṇa)
context information

Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Maricha was originally a Yaksha, the son of Tataka and Sunda. When his father was killed by a curse of the sage Agastya, he tried to attack the sage along with his mother. Both of them were cursed to become demons by that sage. He is a kinsman of the Asura king Ravana.

Along with his brother Subahu, he used to disrupt the Vedic rituals conducted by sage Vishwamitra by throwing unclean meat and blood into the oblation fire. Vishwamitra then sought the help of the Kosala princes Rama and Laxmana to guard his sacrifice. When the two Asuras attempted to disrupt the sacrifice, Rama slew Subahu with a divine missile, Maricha escaped, by running away to Lanka.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Mārīca (मारीच): A character in the Ramayana, uncle of Ravana who transformed himself into a golden deer at the behest of Ravana to entice Sita.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

marica : (nt.) pepper; chillies.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Marica, (nt.) (cp. scientific Sk. marica) black pepper Vin. I, 201 (allowed as medicine to the bhikkhus); Miln. 63.

—gaccha the M. -shrub J. V, 12. —cuṇṇa powdered pepper, fine pepper J. I, 455. (Page 524)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Marīca (मरीच)—One of the field-crops mentioned in the Jātakas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

marīca (मरीच).—n S Black pepper.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Marica (मरिच) or Marīca (मरीच).—The pepper-shrub.

-cam Black pepper; खर्बूरं मरिचं पूगं देवदारु च नागरम् (kharbūraṃ maricaṃ pūgaṃ devadāru ca nāgaram) Śiva B.3.16; N.18.118.

Derivable forms: maricaḥ (मरिचः), marīcaḥ (मरीचः).

--- OR ---

Mārica (मारिच).—a. (- f.) Made of pepper.

--- OR ---

Mārīca (मारीच).—a. (- f.) Belonging to or composed by Marīchi.

-caḥ 1 Name of a demon, son of Sunda and Tāḍakā. He assumed the form of a golden deer, and thus enticed Rāma to a considerable distance from Sītā, so that Rāvaṇa found a good opportunity to carry her off.

2) A large or royal elephant.

3) A kind of plant (Mar. kaṃkoḷa).

4) Name of the sage Kaśyapa; cf. स्वायंभुवान्मरीचेर्यः प्रबभूव प्रजापतिः (svāyaṃbhuvānmarīceryaḥ prababhūva prajāpatiḥ) Ś.7.9.

5) A sacrificing priest.

-cī 1 Name of the mother of Śākyamuni.

2) Name of a Buddhist goddess.

3) Name of an Apsaras.

-cam A collection of pepper shrubs.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 35 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Shvetamarica
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Maricakashyapa
Marīcakaśyapa (मरीचकश्यप).—A Prajāpati; husband of Aditī and father of the Ādityas.** Vāy...
Rama
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Ravana
ravānā (रवाना).—p a ind Set out; departed. n A pass or a permit.--- OR --- rāvaṇa (रावण).—m The...
Phala
Phala (फल).—Fruit of an action that goes to the agent. It also means the result of a grammatica...
Gana
Gaṇa (गण).—[gaṇ karmaṇi kartari vā ac] 1) A flock, multitude, group, troop, collection; गुणि...
Trikatu
Trikatu refers to a combination of the three pungents, viz., shunthi, pippali, and maricha. (se...
Tadaka
taḍaka (तडक).—ad Smartly. Readily. Straight.--- OR --- taḍakā (तडका).—m A blast of cold. Activi...
Svedana
Svedana (स्वेदन).—[svid-ṇic-lyuṭ]1) Perspiration, sweat.2) Causing to sweat.3) A diaphoretic.4)...
Vaishvanara
Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर) refers to one of the eight forms of fire (agni) to be assigned to the bod...
Vesha
1) Veśa (वेश) is a term of somewhat doubtful sense, apparently denoting ‘vassal’, ‘tenant’, in ...
Katuka
Kaṭuka (कटुक).—a.1) Sharp, pungent; मधुरो गुडः कटुकं शृङ्गबेरम् (madhuro guḍaḥ kaṭukaṃ śṛṅgaber...
Sunda
śuṇḍā (शुंडा).—f śuṇḍādaṇḍa m The trunk of the elephant.
Panaka
Pānaka (पानक, “syrup”).—Decoction (of drug) added with sugar is again cooked on mild f...

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