Marjara, aka: Mārjāra; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Marjara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Mārjāra (मार्जार) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “cat”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Mārjāra is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mārjāra (मार्जार)—Sanskrit word for the animal “cat”. This animal is from the group called Guhāśaya (‘which have a lair’, or, ‘cave-dwelling mammals’). Guhāśaya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Marjara in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mārjāra (मार्जार).—Son of Jāmbavān. It is said in Brahmapurāṇa that the mārjāras (cats) have their origin from this son of Jāmbavān.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Mārjāra (मार्जार).—A Vānara jāti; born of Hari and Pulaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 177. 305, 319; 51. 11.

1b) A son of Jāmbavān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 303.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Mārjāra (मार्जार, “cat”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. Guilty of evil desires (mithyārāga), hatred and jealousy (īrṣyā), they take the form of [for example], a cat (mārjāra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Mārjāra (मार्जार) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Mārjārikī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Mārjāra] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Marjara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

mārjāra (मार्जार).—m S The common cat: also the wild or pole cat.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mārjāra (मार्जार).—m A cat.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mārjāra (मार्जार).—[mṛj-āran vā rasya laḥ]

1) A cat; कपाले मार्जारः पय इति कराँल्लेढि शशिनः (kapāle mārjāraḥ paya iti karāṃlleḍhi śaśinaḥ) K. P.1.

2) A pole-cat.

3) Name of some plants.

Derivable forms: mārjāraḥ (मार्जारः).

See also (synonyms): mārjāla.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mārjara (मार्जर).—m. (compare Prakrit maṃjara; Sanskrit mārjāra), cat: Mvy 4790 (so also Mironov, with v.l. mārjāra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mārjāra (मार्जार).—mf. (-raḥ-rī) 1. The common cat. 2. The wild or pole-cat. f. (-rī) 1. A female cat. 2. Musk. E. mṛj to cleanse, (its skin and face,) āran aff., and the vowel made long; also read mārjjāla .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 27 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jalamarjara
Jalamārjāra (जलमार्जार).—m. (-raḥ) An otter. E. jala water, and mārjāra a cat.
Lomashamarjara
Lomaśamārjāra (लोमशमार्जार).—m. (-raḥ) The pole-cat. E. lomaśa hairy, and mārjāra a cat.
Gandhamarjara
Gandhamārjāra (गन्धमार्जार).—the civet cat. Derivable forms: gandhamārjāraḥ (गन्धमार्जारः).Gand...
Marjarakarni
Mārjārakarṇī (मार्जारकर्णी).—Name of Chāmuṇḍā. Mārjārakarṇī is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Marjarakarana
Mārjārakaraṇa (मार्जारकरण).—a kind of coitus or mode of sexual enjoyment. Derivable forms: mārj...
Marjaranyaya
Mārjāranyāya (मार्जारन्याय).—a kind of doctrine held by a Vaiṣṇava sect. Derivable forms: mārjā...
Marjaralingin
Mārjāraliṅgin (मार्जारलिङ्गिन्).—having the nature of a cat; ये च बकव्रतिनो विप्रा ये च मार्जार...
Marjarottanasana
Mārjārottānāsana (मार्जारोत्तानासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 82 of the ...
Marjarakantha
Mārjārakaṇṭha (मार्जारकण्ठ).—a peacock. Derivable forms: mārjārakaṇṭhaḥ (मार्जारकण्ठः).Mārjārak...
Marjarakarnika
Mārjārakarṇikā (मार्जारकर्णिका).—Name of Chāmuṇḍā. Mārjārakarṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Marjaragandhika
Mārjāragandhikā (मार्जारगन्धिका) is another name for Mudgaparṇī, a medicinal plant identified w...
Nakha
Nakha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twenty’. Note: nakha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it...
Manjara
Mañjara (मञ्जर).—nf. (-raṃ-rī) 1. A pearl. 2. A compound pedicle. 3. A sort of plant, commonly ...
Sakini
1) Śākinī (शाकिनी).—The Ḍākinīs, Rākiṇīs, Lākinīs, [Kākinīs?] Śākinīs and Hākinīs are mentioned...
Vrishadamsha
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