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Hasta, 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Hasta (हस्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hand”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called ādātavya (that which can be handled) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is indra. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the hand (hasta), in ādātavya, in indra, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
context information

Yoga refers to the Ancient Indian school of philosophy combining the physical, mental and spiritual.

Jyotiṣa (astronomy and astrology)

Hasta (हस्त):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Hastanakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Hasta means “the hand” and is associated with the deity known as Savitā (God of awakening). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Chandra (Moon).

Indian zodiac: |10°| – |23°20' Kanyā|
Kanyā (कन्या, “girl”) corresponds with Virgo.

Western zodiac: |6°| – |19°20' Libra|
Libra corresponds with Tulā (तुला, “balance”). 

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or ‘astrology’. It is one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Purāṇa

Hasta (हस्त): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:

8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1a) Hasta (हस्त).—A son of Rocana and Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 49.

1b) A son of Sāvarṇa Manu I.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.

1c) A measurement of 24 angulas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 102, 105; 101. 123.

1d) A son of Haryaśva and father of Sumanas.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 19-20.

1e) A constellation;1 śrāddham that day makes one important in an assembly.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 49; 82. 7.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Hasta (हस्त) refers to “hands”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

The Classification of Hands (hasta-bheda).—The characteristics of the Hands will be set forth in order. There are two kinds,

  1. the Single (asamyutta)
  2. and the combined (samyutta).

There are twenty-eight Single Hands as follows:

  1. Patāka,
  2. Tripatāka,
  3. Ardha-patāka,
  4. Kartarī-mukha,
  5. Mayura,
  6. Ardha-candra,
  7. Arāla,
  8. Śuka-tuṇḍaka,
  9. Muṣṭi,
  10. Śikhara,
  11. Kapittha,
  12. Kaṭaka-mukha,
  13. Sūci,
  14. Candra-kalā,
  15. (Padma-) Kośa,
  16. Sarpa-śīrṣa,
  17. Mṛga-śīrṣa,
  18. Siṃha-mukha,
  19. Lāṅgula,
  20. Sola-padma,
  21. Catura,
  22. Bhramara,
  23. Haṃsāsya,
  24. Haṃsa-pakṣa,
  25. Saṃdaṃsa,
  26. Mukula,
  27. Tāmracūḍa,
  28. Triśūla.

Thus the Twenty-eight Hands are set forth. But it is said that there are as many hands as meanings.

According to another text (three others are mentioned, as follows):

  1. Urṇa-nābha (spider),
  2. Bāṇa (arrow)
  3. and Ardha-sūcika (half-needle).
Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Hasta; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 24 Aṅgulas make 1 Hasta, and 4 Hastas make up for a single Dhanu.

If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 1.32 feet (~40.23cm)

If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 9.9 inches (~25.15cm)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Hasta (हस्त, ‘hand’) is made up of the five conspicuous stars (δ, γ, ε, α, β) in Corvus, a number which the word itself suggests. According to Geldner, the ‘five bulls of the Rigveda are this constellation.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

The hasta is a traditional Indian unit of length, measured from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. It equals 24 aṅgulas orᅠ about 18 inches, about 45 centimetres.

400 hastas make one nalva.

Etymology: The hasta (Sanskrit: हस्त (hasta); Chinese: 肘 (pinyin: zhǒu))

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

Search found 152 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Karihasta
Karihasta (करिहस्त).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);&md...
Hastihasta
Hastihasta (हस्तिहस्त) corresponds to the “balustrades” provided for the sopānas...
Katakahasta
Kaṭakahasta (कटकहस्त) or Siṃhakarṇa is that pose of the hand wherein the tips of the fingers...
Nrittahasta
Dance-hands (nṛttahasta) are also to be used. As their name implies these hands were exclusi...
Hastanakshatra
Hastanakṣatra (हस्तनक्षत्र) is another name for Hasta: a particular section of the ecliptic. Na...
Hastapatra
Hastapatra (हस्तपत्र) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the fingers (aṅguli) to ...
Baddhahastashirshasana
Baddhahastaśīrṣāsana (बद्धहस्तशीर्षासन, “bound hand-head posture”) is a Sanskrit...
Padahastasana
Pādahastāsana (पादहस्तासन, “foot-hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to ...
Muktahastashirshasana
Muktahastaśīrṣāsana (मुक्तहस्तशीर्षासन, “freed hand-head posture”) is a Sanskrit...
Hasta-prana
Lives of the Hands (hasta-prāṇa).—The Lives (i.e. movements) of the Hands are twelve, ...
Urdhvahastasana
Ūrdhvahastāsana (ऊर्ध्वहस्तासन, “upward hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referr...
Hastarecaka
Hastarecaka (हस्तरेचक, “movement of the hand”) refers to the third of the four r...
Vismayahasta
Vismayahasta (विस्मयहस्त) indicates astonishement and wonder. In this pose the fore-arm is h...
Sthirahasta
Sthirahasta (स्थिरहस्त).—One of the 32 aṅgahāras (major dance movement) mentioned in t...
Shivahastavidhi
By implication, the Śivahastavidhi (शिवहस्तविधि, ‘rite of the Śiva hand’) is als...

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Search found 76 books containing Hasta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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