Hasta, 8 Definition(s)
1a) Hasta (हस्त).—A son of Rocana and Vasudeva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 49.
1b) A son of Sāvarṇa Manu I.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.
1c) A measurement of 24 angulas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 102, 105; 101. 123.
1d) A son of Haryaśva and father of Sumanas.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 19-20.
Hasta (हस्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hand”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called ādātavya (that which can be handled) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is indra. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the hand (hasta), in ādātavya, in indra, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”
Hasta (हस्त, ‘hand’) is made up of the five conspicuous stars (δ, γ, ε, α, β) in Corvus, a number which the word itself suggests. According to Geldner, the ‘five bulls of the Rigveda are this constellation.
Hasta (हस्त): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:
8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
Hasta; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 24 Aṅgulas make 1 Hasta, and 4 Hastas make up for a single Dhanu.
If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 1.32 feet (~40.23cm)
If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 9.9 inches (~25.15cm)
The Classification of Hands (hasta-bheda).—The characteristics of the Hands will be set forth in order. There are two kinds,
- the Single (asamyutta)
- and the combined (samyutta).
There are twenty-eight Single Hands as follows:
- (Padma-) Kośa,
Thus the Twenty-eight Hands are set forth. But it is said that there are as many hands as meanings.
According to another text (three others are mentioned, as follows):
- Urṇa-nābha (spider),
- Bāṇa (arrow)
- and Ardha-sūcika (half-needle).
The hasta is a traditional Indian unit of length, measured from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. It equals 24 aṅgulas orﾠ about 18 inches, about 45 centimetres.
400 hastas make one nalva.
Etymology: The hasta (Sanskrit: हस्त (hasta); Chinese: 肘 (pinyin: zhǒu))
Karihasta (करिहस्त).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);&md...
Kaṭakahasta (कटकहस्त) or Siṃhakarṇa is that pose of the hand wherein the tips of the fingers...
Dance-hands (nṛttahasta) are also to be used. As their name implies these hands were exclusi...
Hasta-nakṣatra (हस्त-नक्षत्र):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. Nakṣatra...
Baddhahastaśīrṣāsana (बद्धहस्तशीर्षासन, “bound hand-head posture”) is a Sanskrit...
Pādahastāsana (पादहस्तासन, “foot-hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to ...
Muktahastaśīrṣāsana (मुक्तहस्तशीर्षासन, “freed hand-head posture”) is a Sanskrit...
Lives of the Hands (hasta-prāṇa).—The Lives (i.e. movements) of the Hands are twelve, ...
Ūrdhvahastāsana (ऊर्ध्वहस्तासन, “upward hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referr...
Utthitahastapādāṅguṣṭhāsana (उत्थितहस्तपादाङ्गुष्ठासन, “extended hand-toe posture&rdqu...
Hastarecaka (हस्तरेचक, “movement of the hand”) is a Sanskrit technical term refe...
Vismayahasta (विस्मयहस्त) indicates astonishement and wonder. In this pose the fore-arm is h...
Sthirahasta (स्थिरहस्त).—One of the 32 aṅgahāras (major dance movement) mentioned in t...
By implication, the Śivahastavidhi (शिवहस्तविधि, ‘rite of the Śiva hand’) is als...
Abhayahasta (अभयहस्त) means the protection-affording hand-pose. Here the palm of the hand, w...
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