Hasta, 9 Definition(s)
Hasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Hasta (हस्त): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:
8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
1a) Hasta (हस्त).—A son of Rocana and Vasudeva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 49.
1b) A son of Sāvarṇa Manu I.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.
1c) A measurement of 24 angulas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 102, 105; 101. 123.
1d) A son of Haryaśva and father of Sumanas.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 19-20.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Hasta (हस्त) refers to “hands”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
The Classification of Hands (hasta-bheda).—The characteristics of the Hands will be set forth in order. There are two kinds,
- the Single (asamyutta)
- and the combined (samyutta).
There are twenty-eight Single Hands as follows:
- (Padma-) Kośa,
Thus the Twenty-eight Hands are set forth. But it is said that there are as many hands as meanings.
According to another text (three others are mentioned, as follows):
- Urṇa-nābha (spider),
- Bāṇa (arrow)
- and Ardha-sūcika (half-needle).
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Jyotiṣa (astronomy and astrology)
Hasta (हस्त):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Hastanakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Hasta means “the hand” and is associated with the deity known as Savitā (God of awakening). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Chandra (Moon).
Indian zodiac: |10°| – |23°20' Kanyā|
Kanyā (कन्या, “girl”) corresponds with Virgo.
Western zodiac: |6°| – |19°20' Libra|
Libra corresponds with Tulā (तुला, “balance”).
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or ‘astrology’. It is one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Hasta (हस्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hand”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called ādātavya (that which can be handled) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is indra. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the hand (hasta), in ādātavya, in indra, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga refers to the Ancient Indian school of philosophy combining the physical, mental and spiritual.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Hasta; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 24 Aṅgulas make 1 Hasta, and 4 Hastas make up for a single Dhanu.
If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 1.32 feet (~40.23cm)
If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 9.9 inches (~25.15cm)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Hasta (हस्त, ‘hand’) is made up of the five conspicuous stars (δ, γ, ε, α, β) in Corvus, a number which the word itself suggests. According to Geldner, the ‘five bulls of the Rigveda are this constellation.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
The hasta is a traditional Indian unit of length, measured from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. It equals 24 aṅgulas orﾠ about 18 inches, about 45 centimetres.
400 hastas make one nalva.
Etymology: The hasta (Sanskrit: हस्त (hasta); Chinese: 肘 (pinyin: zhǒu))Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Search found 152 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
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Dance-hands (nṛttahasta) are also to be used. As their name implies these hands were exclusi...
Hastihasta (हस्तिहस्त) corresponds to the “balustrades” provided for the sopānas...
Kaṭakahasta (कटकहस्त) or Siṃhakarṇa is that pose of the hand wherein the tips of the fingers...
Hastanakṣatra (हस्तनक्षत्र) is another name for Hasta: a particular section of the ecliptic. Na...
Baddhahastaśīrṣāsana (बद्धहस्तशीर्षासन, “bound hand-head posture”) is a Sanskrit...
Muktahastaśīrṣāsana (मुक्तहस्तशीर्षासन, “freed hand-head posture”) is a Sanskrit...
Pādahastāsana (पादहस्तासन, “foot-hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to ...
Lives of the Hands (hasta-prāṇa).—The Lives (i.e. movements) of the Hands are twelve, ...
Ūrdhvahastāsana (ऊर्ध्वहस्तासन, “upward hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referr...
Hastarecaka (हस्तरेचक, “movement of the hand”) refers to the third of the four r...
Hastapatra (हस्तपत्र) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the fingers (aṅguli) to ...
Hastasvastika—The arms crossed in front of the chest indicate total surrender to a god...
Hastakaraṇa (हस्तकरण) refers to the “movements of the wrist and hand”, according...
The Varadahasta (वरदहस्त) shows the pose of the hand while conferring a boon. In this ...
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter LXI - Influences of the moon in her different mansions < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXXVII - Bhaimi Ekadasi and Dvadasi Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.198 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 1.7.145 < [Chapter 7 - Purna: The Complete Perfection]
Verse 2.6.92 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (by Hiraṇyakeśin)
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
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