Hasta, 13 Definition(s)
Hasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Hasta (हस्त) refers to “hands”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
The Classification of Hands (hasta-bheda).—The characteristics of the Hands will be set forth in order. There are two kinds,
- the Single (asamyutta)
- and the combined (samyutta).
There are twenty-eight Single Hands as follows:
- (Padma-) Kośa,
Thus the Twenty-eight Hands are set forth. But it is said that there are as many hands as meanings.
According to another text (three others are mentioned, as follows):
- Urṇa-nābha (spider),
- Bāṇa (arrow)
- and Ardha-sūcika (half-needle).
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Hasta (हस्त): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:
8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.
1a) Hasta (हस्त).—A son of Rocana and Vasudeva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 49.
1b) A son of Sāvarṇa Manu I.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.
1c) A measurement of 24 angulas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 102, 105; 101. 123.
1d) A son of Haryaśva and father of Sumanas.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 19-20.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotiṣa (astronomy and astrology)
Hasta (हस्त):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Hastanakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Hasta means “the hand” and is associated with the deity known as Savitā (God of awakening). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Chandra (Moon).
Indian zodiac: |10°| – |23°20' Kanyā|
Kanyā (कन्या, “girl”) corresponds with Virgo.
Western zodiac: |6°| – |19°20' Libra|
Libra corresponds with Tulā (तुला, “balance”).
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or ‘astrology’. It is one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Hasta (हस्त) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hand”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called ādātavya (that which can be handled) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is indra. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the hand (hasta), in ādātavya, in indra, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Hasta (हस्त) refers to the thirteenth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., hasta) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.
Hasta (हस्त) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Hasta (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a cuckoo. A viṇā is held with both hands.
The illustrations (of, for example Hasta) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Hasta; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 24 Aṅgulas make 1 Hasta, and 4 Hastas make up for a single Dhanu.
If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 1.32 feet (~40.23cm)
If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Hasta would correspond to roughly 9.9 inches (~25.15cm)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Hasta (हस्त, ‘hand’) is made up of the five conspicuous stars (δ, γ, ε, α, β) in Corvus, a number which the word itself suggests. According to Geldner, the ‘five bulls of the Rigveda are this constellation.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
The hasta is a traditional Indian unit of length, measured from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. It equals 24 aṅgulas orﾠ about 18 inches, about 45 centimetres.
400 hastas make one nalva.
Etymology: The hasta (Sanskrit: हस्त (hasta); Chinese: 肘 (pinyin: zhǒu))Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
hasta (हस्त).—m (S) A hand. 2 A cubit measured by the hand and arm, or from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. 3 An elephant's trunk. 4 Used plurally. The thirteenth lunar asterism, designated by a hand. 5 A block or piece of wood inserted between the top of a post and the mass which it supports. 6 A term at chess. Used, as a, ad or interj, of that mode of playing in which a piece once touched by the hand must be played.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
hasta (हस्त).—m A hand. The 13th lunar asterism. An elephant's trunk.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 172 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Karihasta (करिहस्त).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);&md...
Dance-hands (nṛttahasta) are also to be used. As their name implies these hands were exclusi...
Hastihasta (हस्तिहस्त) corresponds to the “balustrades” provided for the sopānas...
varadahasta (वरदहस्त).—m The bountiful hand.
abhayahasta (अभयहस्त).—m The hand stretched forth in reassurance.
Kaṭakahasta (कटकहस्त) or Siṃhakarṇa is that pose of the hand wherein the tips of the fingers...
Hastanakṣatra (हस्तनक्षत्र) is another name for Hasta: a particular section of the ecliptic. Na...
Hastatāna (हस्ततान) is another name for hasta: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indi...
Lives of the Hands (hasta-prāṇa).—The Lives (i.e. movements) of the Hands are twelve, ...
Pādahastasaṃyogāsana (पादहस्तसंयोगासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 115 of ...
Ūrdhvahastāsana (ऊर्ध्वहस्तासन, “upward hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referr...
Baddhahastaśīrṣāsana (बद्धहस्तशीर्षासन, “bound hand-head posture”) is a Sanskrit...
Hastarecaka (हस्तरेचक, “movement of the hand”) refers to the third of the four r...
Pādahastāsana (पादहस्तासन, “foot-hand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to ...
Hastapatra (हस्तपत्र) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the fingers (aṅguli) to ...
Search found books containing Hasta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter LXI - Influences of the moon in her different mansions < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXXVII - Bhaimi Ekadasi and Dvadasi Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.198 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 1.7.145 < [Chapter 7 - Purna: The Complete Perfection]
Verse 2.6.92 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (by Hiraṇyakeśin)
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
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