Hastaka: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Hastaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Hastaka (हस्तक) is the name of a Vaiṣya according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “Thus, leaving the pure abodes (śuddhavāsa), the Vaiṣya Cheou (Hastaka), came to see the Buddha; he had a subtle (sūkṣma) body; he was flexible; like a straw, he could not stand upright. The Buddha said to the Vaiśya Hastaka: “Make a coarse body appropriate to this realm for yourself.” The Vaiśya followed the Buddha’s advice and made for himself a body of a size appropriate for the earth. Having bowed down to the Buddha’s feet, he stood to one side”.

Note: Hastaka Āṭavika (in Pāli Hatthaka Āḷavaka) was called ‘Hastaka’ because he had been ‘passed from hand to hand’; actually, when the Yakṣa Ātavika was about to cut him to pieces, the Buddha intervened and the yakṣa surrendered him to the Buddha who gave him back to his family.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hastaka.—(EI 31), same as hasta. Note: hastaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hastaka (हस्तक).—m (hasta) The hand, a hand. Pr. dōna ha0 āṇi tisarā mastaka Used to express that all that can be given is a motion of the hands and the head in salutation. 2 fig. A mate, an assistant, the hand of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hastaka (हस्तक).—m The hand, a hand. A mate. A subordinate, an agent, a lieutenant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hastaka (हस्तक).—

1) A hand.

2) The position of the hand.

3) A measure of length.

4) A turn-spit.

Derivable forms: hastakaḥ (हस्तकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hastaka (हस्तक).—(1) (m.; = Pali hatthaka, compare hasta 3) fan, see mayūra-ha°; (2) name of a śreṣṭhin's son of Śrāvastī who became a disciple: Avadāna-śataka ii.147.14 ff. (Pali, Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names), has two disciples named hatthaka, but neither seems to be this one.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hastaka (हस्तक).—[masculine] hand, adj. —° ([feminine] ikā) = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hastaka (हस्तक):—[from hasta] m. the hand (ifc.with f(ikā). = ‘holding in the hand’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the hand as a support, [Gīta-govinda]

3) [v.s. ...] the h° as a measure of length, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] position of the h°, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] a turn-spit ([varia lectio] hastika), [Harṣacarita]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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