Hastaka: 14 definitions


Hastaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Hastak.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Hastaka (हस्तक) refers to “holding (a great vessel)”, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 2.12-20.—Accordingly, “[...] (He worshipped thus) with (offerings) of the most excellent and divine Great Incense and many kinds of ornaments, established in supreme non-duality with (substances) born from (his) great bodily essence. Endowed with supreme bliss and holding the great argha vessel (mahāpātra-argha-hastaka) , the Lord of the gods, worshipped, O dear one, the great and excellent Wheel and he, the emperor and Lord of the Śrīkula, deftly put all the Śrīkramas, including the sequence of the Child and the rest, in place in accord with the sequence”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hastaka (हस्तक) [=hasta?] refers to the “hands”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.30 (“The Celebration of Pārvatī’s Return”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “On hearing that Pārvatī was returning, Menā and Himavat excessively delighted went ahead seated in a divine vehicle. [...] Women along with their sons and husbands held lamps in their hands (dīpa-hastaka). Brahmins were shouting mantras etc. in an auspicious voice. Various instruments were played. Conch shells were sounded. In the meantime Pārvatī reached the outskirts of the city. Entering the city she saw her parents again. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Hastaka (हस्तक) is the name of a Vaiṣya according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “Thus, leaving the pure abodes (śuddhavāsa), the Vaiṣya Cheou (Hastaka), came to see the Buddha; he had a subtle (sūkṣma) body; he was flexible; like a straw, he could not stand upright. The Buddha said to the Vaiśya Hastaka: “Make a coarse body appropriate to this realm for yourself.” The Vaiśya followed the Buddha’s advice and made for himself a body of a size appropriate for the earth. Having bowed down to the Buddha’s feet, he stood to one side”.

Note: Hastaka Āṭavika (in Pāli Hatthaka Āḷavaka) was called ‘Hastaka’ because he had been ‘passed from hand to hand’; actually, when the Yakṣa Ātavika was about to cut him to pieces, the Buddha intervened and the yakṣa surrendered him to the Buddha who gave him back to his family.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hastaka.—(EI 31), same as hasta. Note: hastaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hastaka (हस्तक).—m (hasta) The hand, a hand. Pr. dōna ha0 āṇi tisarā mastaka Used to express that all that can be given is a motion of the hands and the head in salutation. 2 fig. A mate, an assistant, the hand of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hastaka (हस्तक).—m The hand, a hand. A mate. A subordinate, an agent, a lieutenant.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hastaka (हस्तक).—

1) A hand.

2) The position of the hand.

3) A measure of length.

4) A turn-spit.

Derivable forms: hastakaḥ (हस्तकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hastaka (हस्तक).—(1) (m.; = Pali hatthaka, compare hasta 3) fan, see mayūra-ha°; (2) name of a śreṣṭhin's son of Śrāvastī who became a disciple: Avadāna-śataka ii.147.14 ff. (Pali, Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names), has two disciples named hatthaka, but neither seems to be this one.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hastaka (हस्तक).—[masculine] hand, adj. —° ([feminine] ikā) = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hastaka (हस्तक):—[from hasta] m. the hand (ifc.with f(ikā). = ‘holding in the hand’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the hand as a support, [Gīta-govinda]

3) [v.s. ...] the h° as a measure of length, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] position of the h°, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] a turn-spit ([varia lectio] hastika), [Harṣacarita]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hastaka (हस्तक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hatthaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hastaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hastaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hastaka (हस्तक) [Also spelled hastak]:—(nm) a handle.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hastaka (ಹಸ್ತಕ):—

1) [noun] any of several positions of hands (as in dance.).

2) [noun] a mass of hair.

3) [noun] a unit of linear measure ( = ಹಸ್ತ - [hasta -] 3 ?).

4) [noun] a man who is working at the behest (being under the obligation for having accepted bribes or other favours).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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