Hastinapura, aka: Hāstināpura, Hastināpura, Hastina-pura; 19 Definition(s)
Hastinapura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर):—City founded by Hastī (son of Bṛhatkṣatra). This city corresponds to modern New Delhi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.19-20)(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—Capital city of the Pāṇḍavas. (See under Hasti II).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 165; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 28.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 4. 97.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 103. 14.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 8.
2) Hāstināpura (हास्तिनापुर).—(also Hastināpura and Gajāhva);1 visited by Kṛṣṇa often. Here Kṛṣṇa spent some months after Bhīṣma's death and Yudhiṣṭhira's coronation. A Brahmana of this city informed Kṛṣṇa of the banishment of the Pāṇḍavas to forest;2 visited by Akrūra,3 and by Balarāma. The latter got offended at the remark of the Kurus about his king and threatened to lift up the city and throw it into the Ganges.4 Return of the Pāṇḍavas and others after visit to Syamanta pañcaka; visited by Kṛtavarman5 and by Satyabhāmā after her father's death;6 left by Vidura;7 when this city was washed away Kauśāmbī became capital;8 capital of the Kurus and Parīkṣit.9
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 6; 8. 45. 10. 7; 13. 1;
- 2) Ib. I. 9. 48; X. 58. 1; 64; 2-4; 71. 22; 75. 38 ; 80 ; 80 ; 84. 69 .
- 3) Ib. X. 48. 32; 49. 1.
- 4) Ib. X. 68. (whole).
- 5) Ib. X. 52 [56 (v) 3] .
- 6) Ib. X. 57. 8.
- 7) Ib. III. 1. 17; IV. 31. 30.
- 8) Ib. IX. 32. 40.
- 9) Ib. I. 17. 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 32.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर):—Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four sacred sites of the Sūryamaṇḍala, the first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth and final cakra located just above the head. Each one of these holy sites (pītha) is presided over by a particular Khecarī (‘sky-goddess’). This Hastināpura-pītha is connected with the goddess Piṅgākṣī.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name of a country pertaining to the Pāñcālī (Pāñcālamadhyamā) local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the violent style (ārabhaṭī).(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The place Hastināpura was the capital of the Kurus, placed on North West of Delhi. It was situated on the right bank of the Ganges at a twenty two miles distance of north-west of Meerut.(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) refers to the name of a City mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.36). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hastinā-pura) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name of an ancient city according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. Accordingly, as Yaugandharāyaṇa said to Udayana: “... for your ancestors also conquered the regions by beginning with the East, and made their dwelling in Hastināpura on the banks of the Ganges; but Śatānīka repaired to Kauśāmbī on account of its delightful situation, seeing that empire depended upon valour, and situation had nothing to do with it”.
Note: Hastināpura is about sixty miles north-east of the modern Delhi.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hastināpura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर): Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. The throne of this city is the prize over which the great war of the epic is fought.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
1) Hastinapura was the capital of the kingdom of the Kauravas, belonging to the Kuru dynasty of kings. The throne of this city was the prize over which the Kurukshetra War of the epic Mahabharata was fought. All incidents in the epic Mahabharata have taken place in this city of Hastinapura. The first reference to Hastinapur in Hindu mythology comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata.
In the line of Bharata, the son of Shakuntala, there was a king named Hasti who founded this city, which has, therefore, been called Hastinapura. Hasti married Yasodhara, the princess of Trigarta.
History of this place begins from the period of Mahabharata. It is also described as Gajpur, Hastinapur, Nagpur, Asandivat, Brahmasthal, Shanti Nagar and Kunjarpur etc. in Shashtras. Grandson of Samrat Ashoka, king Samprati had built many temples here during his empire. The ancient temple & the stoops are not present today since this city has come across through many ups & downs like the Mughal Invasion which destroyed and devastated most of the Hindu religious places. Hastinapur city was located on the earlier course of the of holy river Ganga.
2) Hastinapura (हस्तिनापुर) or Hastinapur is a town in Mawana tahsil in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
3) In the present day Hastinapura is a small town in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh, called Hastinapur, 37 km from Meerut and 110 km from Delhi. Geographical Details: Situated at 29 degree 09'31.50 degree North & 77 degree 59'19.46" East. Hastinapur is 120 KM North-East of Delhi on Delhi-Meerut-Bijnore Highway. You need to take a turn to Bijnore highway from Meerut from where Hastinapur is approx 39 KM away. Hastinapur is a small town. Population is approx. 20,000. Regular buses are available from 7 AM to 9 PM from Meerut which is the nearest Railway station (42km). Nearest Airport: New Delhi. (120 km)(Source): JatLand: South Asia
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—The ancient capital city of Bhārata-varṣa, or India. The Sanskrit word hasti means elephants and in this city there were many elephants kept. It occupies a portion of what is today called New Delhi; The capital city of the Pāṇḍavas. When Dhṛtarāṣṭra wanted to give the Pāṇḍavas half of the kingdom, this part was given.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
General definition (in Jainism)
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) was a captial of the Kuru kingdom traditionally identified with an old town in Mawana Tahsil, Meerut. King Hasti, the son of King Kuru, founded Hastināpura on the bank of the Bhāgīrathī (it should be Yamunā). Śānti, Kunthu and Aranātha, the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth Tīrthaṅkaras, who were blessed with miraculous powers, were born here. The fifth, sixth and seventh Tīrthaṅkaras were not only initiated here but they attained supreme knowledge (kevalajñāṇa).
Hastināpura is the place which was hallowed by the birth of the Pāṇḍavas and the Kauravas. Here are the magnificent temples of Śāntinātha, Kunthunātha, Aranātha nad Ambikādevī. Here were built four caityas watered by the Yamunā. Here were born many great personages, such as Sanatkumāra, Mahāpadma, Subhūma and Paraśurāma.(Source): archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his 16th Year as Kevalī.—Then Mahāvīra arrived in Hastināpura via Kurū republic and sat in Sahasrāmravana. King Śiva ruled over Hastināpura then. By nature, he was a contented, emotional and religious person. After sometime, the Lord reached Vāṇjyagrāma touching Mokā city from Hastināpura and stayed for the rainy season there. In this time, among the ones who became mendicants, Poṭṭila’s name is worthy of mention.(Source): HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—According to the Jaina tradition, Hastināpura was the birth place of the Tīrthaṅkaras Śantinātha, Kunthunātha and Aranātha. In ancient times, the Jainas forgot about the exact location of this place. it appears from the Vividhatīrthakalpa that this place was practically rediscovered by Jinaprabha. The shrines of Śānti, Kunthu, Arahanātha and Mallinātha were installed in his time.(Source): Jainworld: Jain History
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Hastinapura.—The present city of Delhi was formerly called Hastinapur and was the capital of the Kuru Dynasty. Hastinapur was the capital of the Kuru dynasty of Kings. The entire epic Mahabharata have taken place in this city of Hastinapura. The first reference to Hastinapur in Hindu mythology comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata.(Source): Wisdom Library: India History
Hastinapura is one of the most important sites in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh. The excavations conducted here have brought to notice of five habitational layers of which period IV (of Kushan dynasty) was extended from the 2nd century B.C to the end of the 3rd century A.D. New houses of burnt bricks were built. The red ware potteries were consisted of sprinklers and other typical pottery types of early part of Christian era. The pottery of Hastinapura of period IV are generally stamped or have incised of designs. Apart from structural and ceramic evidence, this layer has also yielded votive tanks, inscribed potsherds, terracotta seals of 2nd-3rd century AD, beads etc (Ancient India: 10-11).(Source): Shodhganga: New look on the kushan bengali
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—n (S) Hastinapur, the ancient Dehli. The remains of the city still exist, about 57 miles N. E. of the modern city, on the banks of the old channel of the Ganges.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—n The ancient Delhi.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Hastinapura (हस्तिनपुर) or Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—Name of a city founded by king Hastin, said to be situated some fifty miles north-east of the modern Delhi; it forms a central scene of action in the Mahābhārata; it's other names are:-गजाह्वय, नागसाह्वय, नागाह्व, हास्तिन (gajāhvaya, nāgasāhvaya, nāgāhva, hāstina).
Derivable forms: hastinapuram (हस्तिनपुरम्), hastināpuram (हस्तिनापुरम्).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 26 books and stories containing Hastinapura, Hāstināpura, Hastināpura or Hastina-pura. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chapter 11 - The Pandavas Lose Their Kingdom < [Sabha Parva]
Chapter 7 - The Poisoned Cake < [Adi Parva]
Chapter 8 - The Evil Plan < [Sabha Parva]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.202 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 1.5.24 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
Verse 1.5.41 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 10 - Departure of Lord Krishna for Dvaraka < [Canto I - The Creation]
Chapter 49 - Akrura’s Mission in Hastinapura < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 68 - The Marriage of Samba < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 19: Return to Hastināpura < [Chapter VII - Sanatkumāracakricaritra]
Part 8: Future Cakrins < [Chapter VI]
Part 11: Reincarnation of Vaiśravaṇa (fifth of Malli’s six former friends) < [Chapter VI - Śrī Mallināthacaritra]
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)