Hastinapura, Hāstināpura, Hastināpura, Hastina-pura: 31 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Hastinapura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर):—City founded by Hastī (son of Bṛhatkṣatra). This city corresponds to modern New Delhi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.19-20)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—Capital city of the Pāṇḍavas. (See under Hasti II).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—(Kurukṣetra)—named after Hastin, son of Suhotra; see Hāstinapura;1 sacred to Lalīṭā pīṭha;2 sacred to Jayanti;3 washed away by the Ganges floods.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 165; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 28.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 4. 97.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 103. 14.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 8.

2) Hāstināpura (हास्तिनापुर).—(also Hastināpura and Gajāhva);1 visited by Kṛṣṇa often. Here Kṛṣṇa spent some months after Bhīṣma's death and Yudhiṣṭhira's coronation. A Brahmana of this city informed Kṛṣṇa of the banishment of the Pāṇḍavas to forest;2 visited by Akrūra,3 and by Balarāma. The latter got offended at the remark of the Kurus about his king and threatened to lift up the city and throw it into the Ganges.4 Return of the Pāṇḍavas and others after visit to Syamanta pañcaka; visited by Kṛtavarman5 and by Satyabhāmā after her father's death;6 left by Vidura;7 when this city was washed away Kauśāmbī became capital;8 capital of the Kurus and Parīkṣit.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 6; 8. 45. 10. 7; 13. 1;
  • 2) Ib. I. 9. 48; X. 58. 1; 64; 2-4; 71. 22; 75. 38 [2]; 80 [2]; 80 [5]; 84. 69 [3].
  • 3) Ib. X. 48. 32; 49. 1.
  • 4) Ib. X. 68. (whole).
  • 5) Ib. X. 52 [56 (v) 3] [13].
  • 6) Ib. X. 57. 8.
  • 7) Ib. III. 1. 17; IV. 31. 30.
  • 8) Ib. IX. 32. 40.
  • 9) Ib. I. 17. 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 32.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) refers to the name of a City mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.36). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hastinā-pura) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर):—Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four sacred sites of the Sūryamaṇḍala, the first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth and final cakra located just above the head. Each one of these holy sites (pītha) is presided over by a particular Khecarī (‘sky-goddess’). This Hastināpura-pītha is connected with the goddess Piṅgākṣī.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22). Prayāga is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Piṅgākṣī accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Mahājaṅgha. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the muṣala. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Note: Hastināpura possibly corresponds to the Pretapura of the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—The ancient capital city of Bhārata-varṣa, or India. The Sanskrit word hasti means elephants and in this city there were many elephants kept. It occupies a portion of what is today called New Delhi; The capital city of the Pāṇḍavas. When Dhṛtarāṣṭra wanted to give the Pāṇḍavas half of the kingdom, this part was given.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name of a country pertaining to the Pāñcālī (Pāñcālamadhyamā) local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the violent style (ārabhaṭī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name of an ancient city according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. Accordingly, as Yaugandharāyaṇa said to Udayana: “... for your ancestors also conquered the regions by beginning with the East, and made their dwelling in Hastināpura on the banks of the Ganges; but Śatānīka repaired to Kauśāmbī on account of its delightful situation, seeing that empire depended upon valour, and situation had nothing to do with it”.

Note: Hastināpura is about sixty miles north-east of the modern Delhi.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hastināpura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The place Hastināpura was the capital of the Kurus, placed on North West of Delhi. It was situated on the right bank of the Ganges at a twenty two miles distance of north-west of Meerut.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Hastināpura (हस्‍तिनापुर): Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. The throne of this city is the prize over which the great war of the epic is fought.

Source: JatLand: South Asia

1) Hastinapura was the capital of the kingdom of the Kauravas, belonging to the Kuru dynasty of kings. The throne of this city was the prize over which the Kurukshetra War of the epic Mahabharata was fought. All incidents in the epic Mahabharata have taken place in this city of Hastinapura. The first reference to Hastinapur in Hindu mythology comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata.

In the line of Bharata, the son of Shakuntala, there was a king named Hasti who founded this city, which has, therefore, been called Hastinapura. Hasti married Yasodhara, the princess of Trigarta.

History of this place begins from the period of Mahabharata. It is also described as Gajpur, Hastinapur, Nagpur, Asandivat, Brahmasthal, Shanti Nagar and Kunjarpur etc. in Shashtras. Grandson of Samrat Ashoka, king Samprati had built many temples here during his empire. The ancient temple & the stoops are not present today since this city has come across through many ups & downs like the Mughal Invasion which destroyed and devastated most of the Hindu religious places. Hastinapur city was located on the earlier course of the of holy river Ganga.

2) Hastinapura (हस्‍तिनापुर) or Hastinapur is a town in Mawana tahsil in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

3) In the present day Hastinapura is a small town in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh, called Hastinapur, 37 km from Meerut and 110 km from Delhi. Geographical Details: Situated at 29 degree 09'31.50 degree North & 77 degree 59'19.46" East. Hastinapur is 120 KM North-East of Delhi on Delhi-Meerut-Bijnore Highway. You need to take a turn to Bijnore highway from Meerut from where Hastinapur is approx 39 KM away. Hastinapur is a small town. Population is approx. 20,000. Regular buses are available from 7 AM to 9 PM from Meerut which is the nearest Railway station (42km). Nearest Airport: New Delhi. (120 km)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) was a captial of the Kuru kingdom traditionally identified with an old town in Mawana Tahsil, Meerut. King Hasti, the son of King Kuru, founded Hastināpura on the bank of the Bhāgīrathī (it should be Yamunā). Śānti, Kunthu and Aranātha, the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth Tīrthaṅkaras, who were blessed with miraculous powers, were born here. The fifth, sixth and seventh Tīrthaṅkaras were not only initiated here but they attained supreme knowledge (kevalajñāṇa).

Hastināpura is the place which was hallowed by the birth of the Pāṇḍavas and the Kauravas. Here are the magnificent temples of Śāntinātha, Kunthunātha, Aranātha nad Ambikādevī. Here were built four caityas watered by the Yamunā. Here were born many great personages, such as Sanatkumāra, Mahāpadma, Subhūma and Paraśurāma.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

1) Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the birth-place of Śāntinātha: the sixteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Regarding the Jina’s parentage, we gather from Jaina books that King Viśvasena was his father and Acirā was his mother. He was born at Hastināpura. In Jaina history of pontiffs, Śāntinātha occupies a very high place. Not only did he revive Jainism, which was in danger of falling into oblivion, but he so consolidated the faith that it never disappeared again.

2) Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is also the birth-place of Kunthanātha: the seventeenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—Kunthanātha’s parent’s names, as may be gathered from the Jaina Purāṇas, are variously called Śūrasena, Sūrya, Śivarāja (Śvetāmbara version) for the father, Śrīkāntā or Śrīdevī for the mother. His father belonged to the Kuru race, and Hastināpura as his capital, where the Jina was born. He, like his predecessor, became an emperor.

3) Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is also the birth-place of Aranātha: the eighteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—Aranātha’s father was a Kṣatriya prince of the lunar race, he was known by the name of Sudarśana. The Jina’s mother was queen Mitrasenā. Their capital was at Hastināpura, where Aranātha was born. This Jina also became an emperor. He obtained the name of Ara because his mother saw a dream of a wheel (Ara) of jewels.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) or Gajapura is the name of an ancient city, according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] the Master set out to obtain alms and arrived at the city Gajapura [i.e., Hastināpura], the ornament of a circle of cities. In this city King Śreyāṃsa, the heir of King Somaprabha who was the son of Bāhubali, saw in a dream: ‘Meru, entirely dark, was made extremely brilliant by my sprinkling it with pitchers of water’.”

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his 16th Year as Kevalī.—Then Mahāvīra arrived in Hastināpura via Kurū republic and sat in Sahasrāmravana. King Śiva ruled over Hastināpura then. By nature, he was a contented, emotional and religious person. After sometime, the Lord reached Vāṇjyagrāma touching Mokā city from Hastināpura and stayed for the rainy season there. In this time, among the ones who became mendicants, Poṭṭila’s name is worthy of mention.

Source: Jainworld: Jain History

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—According to the Jaina tradition, Hastināpura was the birth place of the Tīrthaṅkaras Śantinātha, Kunthunātha and Aranātha. In ancient times, the Jainas forgot about the exact location of this place. it appears from the Vividhatīrthakalpa  that this place was practically rediscovered by Jinaprabha. The shrines of Śānti, Kunthu, Arahanātha and Mallinātha were installed in his time.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Hastinapura.—The present city of Delhi was formerly called Hastinapur and was the capital of the Kuru Dynasty. Hastinapur was the capital of the Kuru dynasty of Kings. The entire epic Mahabharata have taken place in this city of Hastinapura. The first reference to Hastinapur in Hindu mythology comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata.

Source: Shodhganga: New look on the kushan bengali

Hastinapura is one of the most important sites in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh. The excavations conducted here have brought to notice of five habitational layers of which period IV (of Kushan dynasty) was extended from the 2nd century B.C to the end of the 3rd century A.D. New houses of burnt bricks were built. The red ware potteries were consisted of sprinklers and other typical pottery types of early part of Christian era. The pottery of Hastinapura of period IV are generally stamped or have incised of designs. Apart from structural and ceramic evidence, this layer has also yielded votive tanks, inscribed potsherds, terracotta seals of 2nd-3rd century AD, beads etc (Ancient India: 10-11).

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is one of the alleged ancient capitals of Uttarāpañcāla (Northern Pancala), one of the two districts of Kuru: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—According to the Divyāvadāna the capital of Uttarā Pañcāla was Hastināpura, but the Kumbhakāra Jātaka states that the capital of Uttarā Pañcāla was Kampillanagara and that a king named Dummukha ruled there. But according to the Mahābhārata, Northern Pañcāla had its capital at Ahicchatra or Chatravatī (identical with modern Ramnagar in the Bareillay district) while southern Pañcāla had its capital at Kāmpilya, identical with modern Kampil in the Farokhabad district, U.P. This apparent discrepancy in the two evidences is reconciled when we take into account that ‘a great struggle raged in ancient times between the Kurus and the Pañcālas for the possession of Uttarā Pañcāla.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Paramaras

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर) is the name of a village mentioned in the “Māndhātā copper-plate inscription of Devapāla”.—Hastināpura, according to Kielhorn, appears to be the village of Hathnāwar on the northern bank of the Narmadā and mentioned in Arjunavarman’s grant, No. 49, above, but viewing the places mentioned above, it can as well be taken to be the famous place in the Punjab.

These copper plates (mentioning Hastināpura) were discovered in 1905 in the former State of Dhār, near the temple of Siddheśvara at Māndhātā, better known by the longer name Oṃkāra-Māndhātā (an island in the Narmadā attached to the East Nemāḍ District in Madhya Pradesh). It records the donation of the village of Satājunā in the Mahuaḍa Pratijāgaraṇaka, by Devapāla. It is dated on the full moon day of Bhādrapada in the (Vikrama) year 1282, which corresponds to the 19th August, 1225 A.C.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—n (S) Hastinapur, the ancient Dehli. The remains of the city still exist, about 57 miles N. E. of the modern city, on the banks of the old channel of the Ganges.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—n The ancient Delhi.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (H) next»] — Hastinapura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hastinapura (हस्तिनपुर) or Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—Name of a city founded by king Hastin, said to be situated some fifty miles north-east of the modern Delhi; it forms a central scene of action in the Mahābhārata; it's other names are:-गजाह्वय, नागसाह्वय, नागाह्व, हास्तिन (gajāhvaya, nāgasāhvaya, nāgāhva, hāstina).

Derivable forms: hastinapuram (हस्तिनपुरम्), hastināpuram (हस्तिनापुरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—name of a city in the Kiṃnarī Jātaka: Mahāvastu ii.94.19 ff. (hardly intended for the familiar Sanskrit city name, which is meant e.g. Lalitavistara 22.6).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—n.

(-raṃ) Ancient Delhi, the capital of Yudhisht'Hira and his brethren, the city founded by king Hastina, the remains of which still exist, about 57 miles north-east of the modern city, on the banks of the old channel of the Ganges. E. hastin the name of a king, (its founder,) and pura city; also hastinīpura, gajāhvaya, nāmasāhvaya, nāgāhva, hāstina, &c.

Hastināpura can also be spelled as Hastinapura (हस्तिनपुर).

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Hāstinapura (हास्तिनपुर).—n.

(-raṃ) Hastinapur. E. hāstina, pura a city.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—hastinīpura hastinīpura (from hastin, with pura), n. Ancient Delhi, [Hitopadeśa] 81, 11 ().

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Hāstinapura (हास्तिनपुर).—[hāstina-pura], n. Ancient Delhi, Chr. 5, 23. Cf. hastināpura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—[neuter] [Name] of a city.

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Hāstinapura (हास्तिनपुर).—[neuter] = hastināpura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर):—[=hastinā-pura] [from hasta] n. (less correctly hastina-p or hastinī.) Name of a city founded by king Hastin q.v. (it was situated about fifty-seven miles north-east of the modern Delhi on the banks of an old channel of the Ganges, and was the capital of the kings of the Lunar line, as Ayodhyā was of the Solar dynasty; hence it forms a central scene of action in the Mahābhārata ; here Yudhi-ṣṭhira was crowned after a triumphal progress through the streets of the city; See, [Mahābhārata xii, 1386-1410] : other names for this celebrated town are gajāhvaya, nāga-sāhvaya, nāgāhva, hāctina), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa etc.]

2) Hāstinapura (हास्तिनपुर):—[=hāstina-pura] [from hāstina > hasta] n. = hastinā-pura (-tva n.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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