Divyacakshus, aka: Divyacakṣus, Divya-cakshus; 4 Definition(s)
Divyacakshus means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Divyacakṣus can be transliterated into English as Divyacaksus or Divyacakshus, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Divyachakshus.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
1) Divyacakṣus (दिव्यचक्षुस्) refers to “divine eye” and represents one of the five superknowledges (pañcābhijñā) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. A pure form (rūpaprasāda) derived from the four great elements that occurs in the eye is called divyacakṣus. It is able to see beings (sattva) and substances (dravya) that occur in the six destinies (ṣaḍgati) of its own level and of lower levels. The divine eye is never incapable of distinguishing between a nearby and a distant form (rūpa), between a coarse (sthūla) and a subtle (sūkṣma) form.
There are two kinds of divyacakṣus,
- the one that comes from retribution (vipākalabdha)
- and the one that comes from practice (bhāvanālabdha).
2) Divyacakṣus (दिव्यचक्षुस्) refers to the “divine eye” and represents one of the five visual powers (cakṣus) attributed to the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). It is the divine eye (divyacakṣus) that considers the universe (lokadhātu) and beings (sattva) without encountering any obstacles (anāvaraṇam). It is not the same for the other eyes. The wisdom-eye, the Dharma-eye and the buddha-eye, although superior [to the divine eye] are not meant to see beings. If one wishes to see beings, there are only two eyes one can use, the fleshly eye (māṃsacakṣus) and the divine eye (divyacakṣus) but since the fleshly eye’s range is insufficient and encounters obstacles, the Buddha uses the divine eye (divyacakṣus) [to contemplate the universe].
The range of the divine eye (divyacakṣus) is not obstructed by mountains (parvata), walls (kuḍya) or forests (vana). The zealous person (vīryavat), disciplined (śīlavat) and concentrated (dhyāyin), obtains it by the power of practice; it is not an inborn gift. This is why it is called divyacakaṣus.
According to chapter 50, “[...] having obtained the divine eye (divyacakṣus), he sees what is distant and what is near, what is in front and what which is behind, what is internal and what is external, he sees during the day and during the night, he sees what is above and what is below, for there are no further screens. This divine eye (divyacakṣus) sees the provisional entities resulting from causes and conditions coming together, but he does not see the true nature (dharmatā), namely, emptiness (śūnyatā), signlessness (ānimitta), wishlessness (apraṇihita), non-arising (anutpāda), non-cessation (anirodha)”.
3) Divyacakṣus (दिव्यचक्षुस्) or Cyutupapādajñāna refers to the “knowledge of the death and rebirth of beings” and represents one of the six “superknowledges” (abhijñā), according to chapter XLIII.—Accordingly, “the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva who wishes to become established in the six superknowledges [viz., Divyacakṣus] should practice the perfection of wisdom (prajñāpāramitā)”.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Divyacakṣus (दिव्यचक्षुस्) refers to the “divine eye” and represents one of the “five deep knowledges” (pañcābhijñā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 20). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pañca-abhijñāu and divyacakṣus). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
1) having divine vision, heavenly-eyed; त्वया नियम्या ननु दिव्यचक्षुषा (tvayā niyamyā nanu divyacakṣuṣā) R.3.45.
2) blind. (-m.)
1) a monkey.
2) an Astrologer.
4) one who has prophetic vision; दिव्यचक्षुर्ज्योतिषिके पार्थात्मज्ञानिनोरपि (divyacakṣurjyotiṣike pārthātmajñāninorapi) Nm. (-n.) a divine or prophetic eye, supernatural vision, the power of seeing what is invisible by the human eye.
Divyacakṣus is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms divya and cakṣus (चक्षुस्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-kṣuḥ-kṣuḥ-kṣuḥ) 1. Beautiful-eyed. 2. Blind. m.
(-kṣuḥ) 1. A sort of perfume. 2. A monkey. n.
(-kṣuḥ) The faculty of seeing what is invisible by the human eye. E. divya divine, and cakṣus an eye. divyaṃ cakṣuḥ yasmāt 5 ba0 .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+15): Pancabhijna, Pancacakshus, Cakshus, Five Eyes, Pratyutpannasamadhi, Upapada, Cyutupapadajnana, Mamsacakshus, Divya, Grihapati, Five Deep Knowledges, Abhijna, Deva, Anguli, Bahu, Jangha, Kati, Gulpha, Amsha, Nabhi.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Divyacakshus, Divyacakṣus, Divya-cakshus, Divya-cakṣus, Divyacaksus, Divya-caksus; (plurals include: Divyacakshuses, Divyacakṣuses, cakshuses, cakṣuses, Divyacaksuses, caksuses). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
I. Seeing and hearing all the Buddhas < [Part 7 - Seeing, hearing and understanding all the Buddhas of the present]
Buddhas of the present: Preliminary note (3) < [Part 7 - Seeing, hearing and understanding all the Buddhas of the present]
II. Order of the superknowledges < [Part 1 - Becoming established in the six superknowledges]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)