Vibhaga, Vibhāga: 19 definitions

Introduction

Vibhaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vibhāga (विभाग, “disjunction”).—One of the ten Parādiguṇa, or, ‘10 pharmaceutical properties’.—It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. According to Caraka, these ten properties (guṇa) are the means to success in therapeutic treatment. Vibhāga refers to the modification of dvavya (‘substance’) in order to obtain different parts of a plant.

Source: Pitta Ayurveda: Samanya Guna

Vibhaga means splitting; to divide something into more than one piece. It is the opposite of sanyoga. Often there are separate departments in schools, colleges, shopping malls, etc. Infact, there are 3 types of vibhagas in Hindu philosophy. The efforts made by one side, efforts made by both sides and effort made by all sides.

Source: Shodhganga: Ayurveda siddhanta evam darshana

Vibhaga-guna has been defined as separation or division. It can be partial selection as well. Chakrapani comments on this as vibhakti is division. Viyoga is separation of Samyoga. Here one question arises as does Vibhaga has separate existence than samyoga-nasha? If vibhaga is samyoga-abhava only; then it will be like accepting abhava as an entity which is against Ayurveda principles. Answer to this question is yes, by partial selection of Samyoga; a bhava-padartha is to be taken which has its existence and is not abhava-rupa. It can be said as partial selection or separation.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

Vibhāga (विभाग, “disjunction”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Vibhāga (विभाग) refers to “partition”, and is commonly classified as one of the eighteen vyavahārapada, or “law titles” in the ancient Dharmaśāstras. These vyavahārapadas are categories of ‘legal procedures’ and define a major type of crime for which a person may be tried. The term is derived from vyavahāra (“lawsuits” or “case”) which defines the case between the plaintiff and the defendant, which is often related to social and commercial transactions.

Vibhāga is mentioned in the following sources as one of the eighteen vyavahārapadas: the Manusmṛti (8.4-7). In the Arthaśāstra this is known as Dāyavibhāga and in the Nāradasmṛti as Dāyabhāga.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Vibhāga (विभाग).—Lit, division, splitting; the splitting of a sentence into its constituent parts viz. the words; , the splitting of a word into its constituent parts viz. the base, the affix, the augments and the like;

2) Vibhāga.—Understanding or taking a thing separately from a group of two or more; cf.अवश्यं खल्वपि विभज्यो-पपदग्रहणं कर्तव्यं यो हि बहूनां विभागस्तदर्थम् (avaśyaṃ khalvapi vibhajyo-papadagrahaṇaṃ kartavyaṃ yo hi bahūnāṃ vibhāgastadartham) ! सांकाश्यकेभ्यश्च पाटलिपुत्रकेभ्यश्च माथुरा अभि-रूपतराः (sāṃkāśyakebhyaśca pāṭaliputrakebhyaśca māthurā abhi-rūpatarāḥ), M. Bh. on P.V.3.57;

3) Vibhāga.—Splitting of a Saṃhitā text of the Vedas into the Pada text; cf. अथादावुत्तरे विभागे ह्रस्वं व्यञ्जनपरः (athādāvuttare vibhāge hrasvaṃ vyañjanaparaḥ) T. Pr. III.1, where विभाग (vibhāga) is explained as पदविभाग (padavibhāga) by the commentator cf. also R.Pr.XVII.15;

4) Vibhāga.—The capacity of the Kārakas (to show the sense); cf. कारकशक्तिः विभागः (kārakaśaktiḥ vibhāgaḥ) Nyāsa on Kāś.I.2.44.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Vibhāga (विभाग) or Vibhāgatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Vibhāga belonging to the Garuḍa class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vibhaga in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Vibhāga (विभाग, “disjunction”) or Pṛthaktvaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Vibhāga (disjunction) is that quality (guṇa) which destroys conjunction (saṃyoga). This quality exists in all dravyas. At first there must have previous conjunction, after that there may be disjunction. Praśastapāda also defines this quality as the separation of thing from other which are previously joined.

Vibhāga (disjunction) has three divisions anyatarakarmaja, ubhayakarmaja and vibhāgaja. According to Śivāditya, it is known as vibhāga (disjunction) as the generality of vibhāgatva resides in it. Moreover, this quality is the special cause of separation of substances. But in the Tarkasaṃgraha, Annaṃbhaṭṭa describes it as the destroyer of the conjunction. In the Dīpikā, Annaṃbhaṭṭa states that the word quality (guṇa) is added in the definition to reject the over-pervasion to time, space etc. The word saṃyoganāśako (destroyer of contact) is added in the definition to avoid over-pervasion to colour etc. Thus it is seen that disjunction is not simply the negation of conjunction, but it is an actual separation.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vibhāga.—(HRS), king's share of the output of mines; as suggested by the Arthaśāstra, rent from mines and from the private manufacturers of salt. Note: vibhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vibhaga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vibhāga : (m.) distribution; division; classification.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vibhāga, (fr. vibhajati, cp. vibhaṅga & vibhajana) distribution, division; detailing, classification J. IV, 361; Vism. 494; VbhA. 83; ThA. 100; VvA. 37; PvA. 122.—attha° detailing of meaning Vism. 569; dhātu° distribution of relics VvA. 297; PvA. 212; pada° division of words SnA 269; PvA. 34.—Cp. saṃ°. (Page 629)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vibhāga (विभाग).—m (S) A share or division. 2 S Divided or separated state.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vibhāga (विभाग).—m A share or division. Divided state.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vibhāga (विभाग).—

1) Division, partition, apportionment (as of inheritance); समस्तत्र विभागः स्यात् (samastatra vibhāgaḥ syāt) Ms.9.12,21; Y. 2.114.

2) The share of an inheritance.

3) A part or share in general.

4) Division, separation, disjunction (regarded in Nyāya phil. as a Guṇa); Ku.2.4; तत्त्ववित्तु महाबाहो गुणकर्मविभागयोः (tattvavittu mahābāho guṇakarmavibhāgayoḥ) Bg.3.28.

5) The numerator of a fraction.

6) A section.

7) Arrangement.

Derivable forms: vibhāgaḥ (विभागः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhāga (विभाग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Part, portion, share. 2. The share or portion of an inheritance. 3. Partition of inheritance. 4. (In arithmetic.) The numerator of a fraction. 5. Separation, disjunction, (considered as a Guna in Nyaya Phil. E. vi implying variously, bhāga a portion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhāga (विभाग).—i. e. vi-bhaj + a, m. 1. Dividing, Bhāṣāp. 3; division, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 207, 23; [Hitopadeśa] 119, 18; arrangement, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 198, 15. 2. Part, [Pañcatantra] 243, 20; 241, 7. 3. Distribution, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 111. 4. Partition of inheritance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 115. 5. The share or portion of inheritance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Vibhāga (विभाग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Śārīrakabhāṣyavibhāga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vibhāga (विभाग):—[=vi-bhāga] [from vi-bhaj] m. distribution, apportionment, [Ṛg-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] partition of patrimony, law of inheritance (one of the 18 titles or branches of law), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc. (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 261])

3) [v.s. ...] a share, portion, section, constituent part of anything, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] division, separation, distinction, difference, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] etc. (ena, separately, singly, in detail; cf. also yoga-v)

5) [v.s. ...] disjunction (opp. to saṃ-yoga and regarded in Nyāya as one of the 24 Guṇas), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 68]

6) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) the numerator of a fraction, [Colebrooke]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Rāmāyaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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