Dhatu, aka: Dhātu; 29 Definition(s)
Dhatu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Dhātu (धातु) is the Sanskrit word for “metal”, and is often used in Rasaśāstra literature such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. It is also known by its synonym Loha (लोह).
There are three sub-groups described in the above-mentioned book:
Each sub-group has its own varieties of metals and alloys.Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Metals are divided in three subgroups i.e.
- suvarṇa / svarṇa (gold),
- rajata (silver).
- tāmra (copper),
- aśmasāra (Iron),
- nāga (lead),
- vaṅga (tin).
- sauraṣṭra / kāṃsya (bell-metal),
- rītī (brass),
- vartaloha (an alloy made of four metals).
These (nine) types are known as subtypes of Metals. Note: Metals are called as dhātus and also as lohas.Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Dhātu (धातु) refers to the “metallic products” of the mountains (śaila) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Dhātu], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Dhātu (धातु, “supporting tissues and entities”).—Dhātus are those which maintain as well as nourish the body. They are seven in number, e.g.
- Rasa (‘chyle’, ‘lymph’ or ‘plasma’),
- Rakta (‘blood’),
- Māṃsa (‘muscles’ or ‘flesh’),
- Meda (‘fat’ or ‘adipose’),
- Asthi (‘bone’),
- Majjā (‘marrow’ or ‘nervous system’),
- Śukra (‘semen’ or ‘reproductive tissue’).
They are all formed successively by their respective agnis. Generally it is held that Rasa traverses in the body through channels, as water flows in irrigating channels in the field, and its suitable portion acted upon by the respective agni at the selected site is converted into the specific Dhātu.
The final essence of all these Dhātus is known as ‘ojas’ which has characters like those of kapha and provides the power of immunity against diseases.Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
The word ‘Dhātu’ is derived from the verb ‘Dha’ which means to hold. The matters which hold the body are termed as Dhātu. In general, it is a term signifying bodily fluids and tissues.
Dhātu are of seven types viz.
- Rasa (nourishing fluid of plasma),
- Rakta (blood),
- Māṃsa (muscular tissue),
- Meda (fatty tissue),
- Asthi (bone and connective tissues),
- Majjā (bone marrow)
- and Śukra (vital substance).
There are three types of pathological changes in these Dhātu viz.
- Kṣaya (decrease),
- Vṛddhi (increase)
- and Pradoṣa (vitiation).
The Kṣaya of the one and Vṛddhi of other may be simultaneous in the same disease and in the same patient. In this condition, the Dhātu increases at one place at the cost of other.Source: Hand book of domestic medicine: Basic principles of Āyurveda
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Dhātu (धातु).—(Minerals). To understand the Purāṇic stories regarding the origin of iron, copper, tin etc. see under Irump (iron).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Dhātu (धातु).—A Marut of the III Gaṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 94.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1) Dhātu (धातु) refers to “roots” in Sanskrit grammar, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15.
2) Dhātu (धातु) relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata, vāditra), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29.
There are four major classes of dhātus defined:
- expansion (vistāra),
- production (karaṇa),
- breaking up (ābiddha),
- indication (vyañjana).
Dhātu (धातु).—In music, dhātu finds a place in three contexts—(i) the tonal and temporal dimensions in the rendering on vīṇā as well as fingering techniques, (ii) the tonal and rhythmic component of a musical composition, contradistinct from mātu, the textual component and (iii) the sections of a musical composition.Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa (nāṭya-śāstra)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Dhātu (धातु).—A word which denotes action and result. The Pāṇinian dhātupāṭha includes about 2200 roots which can be called primary roots as contrasted with the secondary roots. The letter are divided into two main groups: 1. Roots derived from the roots. 2. Roots derived from the basic elements other than the roots.Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study
Dhātu (धातु).—A root; the basic word of a verbal form,defined by the Bhasyakara as क्रियावचनो धातुः (kriyāvacano dhātuḥ) or even as भाववचने धातुः (bhāvavacane dhātuḥ), a word denoting a verbal activity. Panini has not defined the term as such, but he has given a long list of roots under ten groups, named dasagani, which includes about 2200 roots which can be called primary roots as contrasted with secondary roots. The secondary roots can be divided into two main groups (l) roots derived from roots (धातुजधातवः (dhātujadhātavaḥ)) and (2) roots derived from nouns (नामधातवः (nāmadhātavaḥ)). The roots derived from roots can further be classified into three main subdivisions : (a) causative roots or णिजन्त (ṇijanta), (b) desiderative roots or सन्नन्त (sannanta), (c) intensive roots or यङन्त (yaṅanta) and यङ्लुगन्तः (yaṅlugantaḥ) while roots derived from nouns or denominative roots can further be divided into क्यजन्त, काम्यजन्त, क्यङन्त, क्यषन्त, णिङन्त, क्विबन्त (kyajanta, kāmyajanta, kyaṅanta, kyaṣanta, ṇiṅanta, kvibanta) and the miscellaneous ones (प्रकीर्ण (prakīrṇa)) as derived from nouns like कण्डू (kaṇḍū)(कण्ड्वादि (kaṇḍvādi)) by 25 the application of the affix यक् (yak) or from nouns like सत्य,वेद, पाश, मुण्ड,मिश्र (satya, veda, pāśa, muṇḍa, miśra), etc. by the application of the affix णिच् (ṇic). Besides these, there are a few roots formed by the application of the affix आय (āya) and ईय (īya) (ईयङ् (īyaṅ)). All these roots can further be classified into Parasmaipadin or Parasmaibhasa, Atmanepadin or Atmanebhasa and Ubhayapadin. Roots possessed of a mute grave (अनुदात्त (anudātta)) vowel or of the mute consonant ङ् (ṅ) added to the root in the Dhatupatha or ending in the affixes यड्, क्यङ् (yaḍ, kyaṅ) etc. as also roots in the passive voice are termed Atmanepadin: while roots ending with the affix णिच् (ṇic) as also roots possessed of a mute circumflex vowel or a mute consonant ञ़़् (ña़़्) applied to them are termed Ubhayapadin. All the rest are termed Parasmaipadin. There are some other mute letters or syllables applied by Panini to the roots in his Dhatupatha for specific purposes; e.g. ए (e) at the end to signify prohibition of vrddhi to the penultimate अ (a) in the aorist, e.g. अकखीत् (akakhīt) cf. P. VII.2.5; इर् (ir) to signify the optional substitution of अ (a) or अङ् (aṅ) for the affix च्लि (cli) of the aorist, e.g. अभिदत्, अभैत्सीत् (abhidat, abhaitsīt) ; cf. P.III. 1.57; उ (u) to signify the optional application of the augment इ (i) (इट् (iṭ)) before क्त्वा (ktvā) e.g. शमित्वा, शान्त्वा (śamitvā, śāntvā); cf. P.VII. 2. 56; ऊ (ū) to signify the optional application of the augment इ (i) (इट् (iṭ)) e.g. गोप्ता, गेीपिता (goptā, geीpitā), cf. P.VII.2.44; आ (ā) to signify the prohibition of the augment इट् (iṭ) in the case of the past pass. part. e.g. क्ष्विण्णः, स्विन्नः (kṣviṇṇaḥ, svinnaḥ), cf. P. VII.2.16; इ (i) to signify the addition of a nasal after the last vowel e. g. निन्दति (nindati) from निदि (nidi), cf. P. VII.1.58: ऋ (ṛ) to signify the prohibition of ह्रस्व (hrasva) to the penultimate long vowel before णिच् (ṇic), e. g. अशशासत् (aśaśāsat), cf. P.VII. 4.2;लृ (lṛ) to signify the substitution of अङ् (aṅ) for च्लि (cli) in the aorist, e.g. अगमत् (agamat) cf. P. III.1.55: ओ (o) to signify the substitution of न् (n) for त् (t) of the past pass.part. e.g. लग्नः, आपीनः, सूनः, दूनः (lagnaḥ, āpīnaḥ, sūnaḥ, dūnaḥ) etc.; cf. P. VIII. 2.45. Besides these,the mute syllables ञि, टु (ñi, ṭu) and डु (ḍu) are prefixed for specific purposes; cf. P. III.2.187, III.3.89 and III. 3.88. The term धातु (dhātu) is a sufficiently old one which is taken by Panini from ancient grammarians and which is found used in the Nirukta and the Pratisakhya works, signifying the 'elemental (radical)base' for nouns which are all derivable from roots according to the writers of the Nirukta works and the grammarian Siktaayana; cf. नाम च धातुजमाह निरुक्ते व्याकरणे शकटस्य च तोकम् (nāma ca dhātujamāha nirukte vyākaraṇe śakaṭasya ca tokam) M. Bh. on P. III.3.1. Some scholars have divided roots into six categories; cf. तत्र धातवः षोढा (tatra dhātavaḥ ṣoḍhā) (a) परिपठिताः भूवादयः (paripaṭhitāḥ bhūvādayaḥ), (b) अपरिपठता आन्दोलयत्यादयः (aparipaṭhatā āndolayatyādayaḥ), (c) परिपठितापरिपठिताः (paripaṭhitāparipaṭhitāḥ) (सूत्रपठिताः (sūtrapaṭhitāḥ)) स्कुस्कम्भस्तम्भेत्यादयः (skuskambhastambhetyādayaḥ), (d) प्रत्ययधातवः सनाद्यन्ताः (pratyayadhātavaḥ sanādyantāḥ), (e) नामघातवः कण्ड्वादयः (nāmaghātavaḥ kaṇḍvādayaḥ), (f) प्रत्ययनामधातवः होडगल्भक्ली (pratyayanāmadhātavaḥ hoḍagalbhaklī). बप्रभृतयः (baprabhṛtayaḥ); cf Sringara Prak. I. For details see M.Bh. on P.I.3.I as also pp 255, 256 Vol. VII Vyakarana-Mahabhasya published by the D.E. Society, Poona.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)
Dhātu (धातु) refers to a “verb root” as used by Yāska (9th century BCE) in his works dealing with Nirukta (etymology): the science of study of the meaning of words used in texts. Yāska takes a word and derives it from a verb root (dhātu) on the basis of its phonetic and semantic similarities. For example, the word pāka, “a cooked dish”, is made from the root √pac, ‘to cook’. He gives examples of such meanings by quoting examples of use from various works.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (nirukta)
Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.
Dhātu (धातु) refers to “minerals”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The materials recommended in the śilpaśāstra for the fashioning of images are unburnt clay, burnt clay as in brick or terracotta, sudhā (a special kind of mortar/plaster), composite earth, wood, stone, metal, ivory, dhātu (mineral), pigment, and precious stones.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Dhātu is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "fundamental bodily principles".Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
The word Dhātu is derived from the verb Dhrī, which means to support. There are 7 Dhātus which supports the body. When Dhātus in the body of an individual become discordant then there is disease or destruction of the body. Any article which increases a particular Dhātu is also responsible for the decrease of the Dhātu of opposite Guṇa.
The term Dhātu plays both physiological and anatomical roles in the Śarīra. Dhātus are considered as Dravyas and this also gives Adhiṣṭāna for various Guṇas.
The predominant Guṇas of the seven Dhātus can be listed as below:
- Rasa: drava,
- Rakta: drava,
- Māṃsa: sthira and ślakṣṇa,
- Meda: ślakṣna and snigdha,
- Asthi: khara,
- Majja: snigdha, mṛdu,
- Śukra: snigdha, picchila and drava.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms
M (Element).Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
Dhātu (‘elements’), are the ultimate constituents of a whole.
The 4 physical elements (dhātu or mahā-bhūta), popularly called:
- earth, (pathavī-dhātu)
- water, (āpo-dhātu)
- fire, (tejo-dhātu)
- wind, (vāyo-dhātu)
are to be understood as the primary qualities of matter.
In Vis.M. XI, 2 the four elements are defined thus: Whatever is characterized:
- by hardness (thaddha-lakkkhana) is the earth or solid-element;
- by cohesion (ābandhana) or fluidity, the water-element;
- by heating (paripācana), the fire or heat-element;
- by strengthening or supporting (vitthambhana), the wind or motion-element.
All four are present in every material object, though in varying degrees of strength. If, for instance, the earth element predominates, the material object is called ‘solid’, etc. - For the analysis of the 4 elements, see: dhātu-vavatthāna.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
dhātu. - Analysis of the 4 e.: dhātu-vavatthāna.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Dhātu (धातु, “ingredients”) represents the internal location of one’s body presided over by twenty-four “heroes” (vīra), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra.—A list of names of such Ḍākinīs and of their internal seats told before is given, accompanied with a list of these Ḍākinīs’ husbands who are called heroes (vīra). These heroes abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body (fingernails, teeth, hair on the head and body and so on).Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)
1) Dhātu (धातु) or aṣṭādaśadhātu refers to the “eighteen elements” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 25):
- cakṣus (eye),
- śrotra (ear),
- ghrāṇa (nose),
- jihvā (tongue),
- kāya (body),
- manas (mind),
- rūpa (form),
- gandha (smell),
- śabda (sound),
- rasa (taste),
- sparśa (tangible),
- dharma (though),
- cakṣurvijñāna (eye-consciousness),
- śrotravijñāna (ear-consciousness),
- ghrāṇavijñāna (nose-consciousness),
- jihvāvijñāna (tongue-consciousness),
- kāyavijñāna (body-consciousness),
- manasvijñāna (mind-consciousness).
The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., aṣṭādaśa-dhātu). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
2) Dhātu (धातु) or ṣaḍdhātu refers to the “six elements” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 58):
- pṛthvī (earth),
- āpas (water),
- tejas (fire),
- vāyu (wind),
- ākāśa (space),
- vijñāna (consciousness).
India history and geogprahy
Dhātu.—(ML), Buddhist; corporeal relics [of the Buddha]. (IE 7-1-2; EI 25), ‘seven’. Cf. Dhātu-parigṛhīta, an epithet of the Buddha; probably, salvation (Select Inscriptions, p. 228). Note: dhātu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
dhātu : (f.) an element; natural condition; a relic; root of a word; humour of the body; faculty of senses.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Dhātu, (f.) (Sk. dhātu to dadhāti, Idg. *dhē, cp. Gr. ti/qhmi, a)nά—qhma, Sk. dhāman, dhāṭr (=Lat. conditor); Goth. gadēds; Ohg. tāt, tuom (in meaning —°=dhātu, cp. E. serf-dom “condition of . . .”) tuon=E. to do; & with k-suffix Lat. facio, Gr. (e)/)qhk(a), Sk. dhāka; see also dhamma) element. Closely related to dhamma in meaning B 1b, only implying a closer relation to physical substance. As to its Gen. connotation cp. Dhs. trsl. p. 198.
— 1. a primary element, of which the usual set comprises the four paṭhavī, āpo, tejo, vāyo (earth, water, fire, wind), otherwise termed cattāro mahābhūtā(ni): D.I, 215; II, 294; III, 228; S.I, 15; II, 169 sq., 224; IV, 175, 195; A.II, 165; III, 243; Vbh.14, 72; Nett 73. See discussed at Cpd. 254 sq.—A defn of dhātu is to be found at Vism.485.—Singly or in other combns paṭhavī° S.II, 174; tejo° S.I, 144; D.III, 227; the four plus ākāsa S.III, 227, plus viññāna S.II, 248; III, 231; see below 2 b.
— 2. (a) natural condition, property, disposition; factor, item, principle, form. In this meaning in var. combns & applications, esp. closely related to khandha. Thus mentioned with khandha & āyatana (sensory element & element of sense-perception) as bodily or physical element, factor (see khandha B 1 d & cp. Nd2 under dhātu) Th.2, 472. As such (physical substratum) it constitutes one of the lokā or forms of being (khandha° dhātu° āyatana° Nd2 550). Freq. also in combn kāma-dhātu, rūpa° arūpa° “the elements or properties of k. etc.” as preceding & conditioning bhava in the respective category (Nd2 s. v.). See under d.—As “set of conditions or state of being (-°)” in the foll.: loka° a world, of which 10 are usually mentioned (equalling 10, 000: PvA.138) S.I, 26; V, 424; Pv.II, 961; Vbh.336; PvA.138; KS.II, 101, n. 1;
(2.b) elements in sense-consciousness: referring to the 6 ajjhattikāni & 6 bāhirāni āyatanāni S.II, 140 sq. Of these sep. sota° D.I, 79; III, 38; Vbh.334; dibbasota° S.II, 121, 212; V, 265, 304; A.I, 255; III, 17, 280; V, 199; cakkhu° Vbh.71 sq.; mano° Vbh.175, 182, 301; mano-viññāṇa° Vbh.87, 89, 175, 182 sq. ‹-›
(2.c) various: aneka° A.I, 22; III, 325; V, 33; akusala° Vbh.363; avijjā° S.II, 132; ābhā° S.II, 150; ārambha° S.V, 66, 104 sq.; A.I, 4; II, 338; ṭhiti° S.II, 175; III, 231; A.III, 338; dhamma° S.II, 56; nekkhamma° S.II, 151; A.III, 447; nissāraṇiyā dhātuyo (5) D.III, 239; A.III, 245, 290. See further S.I, 134, 196; II, 153, 248 (aniccā); III, 231 (nirodha); IV, 67; A.I, 176; II, 164; IV, 385; Dhs.58, 67, 121; Nett 57, 64 sq.; ThA.20, 49, 285,
(2.d) Different sets and enumerations: as 3 under kāma°, rūpa°, arūpa A.I, 223; III, 447; Ps.I, 137; Vbh.86, 363, 404 sq.; under rūpa°, arūpa°, nirodha° It.45.—as 6 (pathavī etc.+ākāsa° & viññāṇa°): D.III, 247; A.I, 175 sq.; M.III, 31, 62, 240; Ps.I, 136; Vbh.82 sq.—as 7 (ābhā subha etc.): S.II, 150.—18: Ps.I, 101, 137; II, 230, Dhs.1333; Vbh.87 sq., 401 sq.; Vism.484 sq.
— 3. a humour or affection of the body DA.I, 253 (dhātusamatā).
— 4. the remains of the body after cremation PvA.76; a relic VvA.165 (sarīra°, bodily relic); Dāvs.V, 3 (dasana° the toothrelic).—Abl. dhātuso according to one’s nature S.II, 154 sq. (sattā sattehi saddhiṃ saṃsandanti etc.); It.70 (id.); S.III, 65.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
dhātu (धातु).—f (S and masc) Semen virile. 2 m A metal or mineral. 3 The root of a verb. 4 A principle or humor of the body; as phlegm, wind, bile. 5 A constituent part of the body, of which seven are enumerated; viz. blood, marrow, fat, flesh, bones, medullary substance, semen. 6 A primary or elementary substance; viz. earth, water, fire, air, ākāśa. 7 A property of a primary element,--odor, flavor, color, touch, and sound. dhātu phuṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To be affected with a gleet. 2 in. con. To come of age; to become adult.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
dhātu (धातु).—f Semen virile; A metal or mineral. m The root of a verb. A principle or humor of the body.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Dhātu (धातु).—[dhā-ādhāre tun]
1) A constituent or essential part, an ingredient.
2) An element, primary or elementary substance, i. e. पृथिवी, अप्, तेजस्, वायु (pṛthivī, ap, tejas, vāyu) and आकाश (ākāśa); Bhāg.7.15.6.
3) A secretion, primary fluid or juice, essential ingredients of the body (which are considered to be 7:-rasāsṛṅmāṃsamedo'sthimajjāśukrāṇi dhātavaḥ, or sometimes ten if keśa, tvac and snāyu be added); Mb.3.213.1.
4) A humour or affection of the body, (i.e. vāta, pitta and kapha); यस्यात्मबुद्धिः कुणपे त्रिधातुके (yasyātmabuddhiḥ kuṇape tridhātuke) Bhāg.1.84.13.
5) A mineral, metal, metallic ore; न्यस्ताक्षरा धातुरसेन यत्र (nyastākṣarā dhāturasena yatra) Ku.1.7; त्वामालिख्य प्रणयकुपितां धातुरागैः शिलायाम् (tvāmālikhya praṇayakupitāṃ dhāturāgaiḥ śilāyām) Me.17; R.4.71; Ku.6.51.
6) A verbal root; भूवादयो धातवः (bhūvādayo dhātavaḥ) P.I.3.1; पश्चादध्ययनार्थस्य धातोरधिरिवाभवत् (paścādadhyayanārthasya dhātoradhirivābhavat) R.15.9.
7) The soul.
8) The Supreme Spirit; धातुप्रसादान्महिमानमात्मनः (dhātuprasādānmahimānamātmanaḥ) Kaṭha.
9) An organ of sense.
1) Any one of the properties of the five elements, i. e. रूप, रस, गन्ध, स्पर्श (rūpa, rasa, gandha, sparśa) and शब्द (śabda); तत्र तत्र हि दृश्यन्ते धातवः पाञ्चभौतिकाः । तेषां मनुष्यास्तर्केण प्रमाणानि प्रचक्षते (tatra tatra hi dṛśyante dhātavaḥ pāñcabhautikāḥ | teṣāṃ manuṣyāstarkeṇa pramāṇāni pracakṣate) Mb.6.5.11.
11) A bone.
12) A part, portion.
13) A fluid mineral of a red colour.
14) Ved. A supporter.
15) Anything to be drunk, as milk &c. -f. A milch cow.
Derivable forms: dhātuḥ (धातुः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-tuḥ) 1. A principle or humour of the body, as phlegm, wind, and bile. 2. Any constituent part of the body, as blood, flesh, &c. 3. A primary or elementary substance, viz. earth, water, fire, air and Akasa or atmosphere. 4. The property of a primary element viz. ordour, flavour, colour, touch, and sound. 5. An organ of sense. 6. A mineral, a fossil. 7. A metal. 8. A grammatical root; in Sanskrit this radical performs no other office, and cannot be used as a word without undergoing some change. E. dhā to possess, to contain, (life, substance, &c.) tun aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 498 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Dharmadhātu (धर्मधातु).—(1) m. (compare Pali dhamma-dhātu), sphere of religion; regularly rend...
Saptadhātu (सप्तधातु).—m. (-tuḥ) The seven parts of the body, or chyle, blood, flesh, adeps, ma...
Rasadhātu (रसधातु).—n. (-tu) Quicksilver. E. rasa fluid, and dhātu metal.
Raktadhātu (रक्तधातु).—m. (-tuḥ) 1. Red chalk or red orpiment. “gairike.” 2. Copper. E. rakta, ...
Rūpadhātu (रूपधातु).—m. (= Pali id.), the world (sphere, region) of form, in which dwell the rū...
Lokadhātu (लोकधातु).—m. (-tuḥ) A continent.
Sitadhātu (सितधातु).—m. (-tuḥ) 1. Chalk. 2. Silver. E. sita white, and dhātu a mineral.
Aṣṭadhātu (अष्टधातु).—n. (-tu) The eight metals collectively, as gold, silver, copper, tin, lea...
Kāmadhātu (कामधातु).—m. (= Pali id.), the world (region, sphere) of desire, including all state...
Dhātukathā:—Name of 3rd book of the Abhidhamma Vism.96.
The seven Dhātvāgnis act upon the respecive dhātus by which each dhātu is broken in three pa...
ākāsadhātu : (f.) the element of space, i.e. ether.
Śivadhātu (शिवधातु).—m. (-tuḥ) 1. The milk stone, opal or chalcedony. 2. Quick-silver. E. śiva ...
paṭhavīdhātu : (f.) the earth element.
vāyodhātu : (f.) the mobile principle.
Search found 99 books and stories containing Dhatu, Dhātu; (plurals include: Dhatus, Dhātus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 7 - Growth and Disease < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 8 - Vāyu, Pitta and Kapha < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 6 - Foetal Development < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
Part 1 - The Four Fundamental Elements < [Chapter 10 - Rupa (matter)]
Part 10 - How Rupa Is Caused By Kamma < [Chapter 10 - Rupa (matter)]
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Part III - Dhatukatha Pali < [Chapter X - Abhidhamma Pitaka]
Part I - The Dhammasangani Pali < [Chapter X - Abhidhamma Pitaka]
(b) Nidana Vagga Samyutta Pali < [Chapter VI - Samyutta Nikaya]
Patthana Dhamma (by Htoo Naing)
Abhidharmakośa (by Vasubandhu)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)