Vayucakra, Vāyucakra, Vayu-cakra: 7 definitions


Vayucakra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vayuchakra.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vayucakra in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vāyucakra (वायुचक्र).—A hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 38, Stanza 32, that this Vāyucakra was born from the semen kept in a pot by the hermit called Maṅkaṇaka. From this same pot some other hermits such as Vāyubala, Vāyujvāla and others were born. (See under Maṅkaṇaka, Para 3).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Vāyucakra (वायुचक्र) refers to the “wind circle” positioned in the dharma-puṭa or ‘dharma layer’ of the Herukamaṇḍala: a large-scale and elaborate maṇḍala of Heruka, consisting of 986 deities, as found in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15.—The Herukamaṇḍala consists of four layers (puṭa) consisting of concentric circles (cakra, totally one lotus at the center and 12 concentric circles, that is, 13 circles in total).

The vāyucakra contains 36 pairs of Ḍākinī and Hero, collectively called ākāśagarbha:

  1. Garuḍī & Garuḍa,
  2. Haṃsī & Haṃsa,
  3. Citrī & Citra,
  4. Kākī & Kāka,
  5. Bakī & Baka,
  6. Tittirikā & Tittiri,
  7. Mayūrī & Mayūri,
  8. Tāmracūḍī & Tāmracūḍa,
  9. Gudapulikā & Gudapulika,
  10. Komalā & Komala,
  11. Pārāvatī & Pārāvata,
  12. Bṛhatkākī & Bṛhatkāka,
  13. Gaḍinī & Gaḍin,
  14. Kapiñjalī & Kapiñjala,
  15. Śukī & Śuka,
  16. Mantrī (Mantriṇī) & Mantra,
  17. Sārasā & Sārasa,
  18. Gṛdhrā & Gṛdhra,
  19. Ulūkī & Ulūka,
  20. Caṭakī & Caṭaka,
  21. Kāṣṭhacaṭakī & Kāṣṭhacaṭaka,
  22. Cakravākī & Cakravāka,
  23. Vṛkṣāraṇī & Vṛkṣāraṇa,
  24. Karkavī & Karkava,
  25. Jalakākī & Jalakāka,
  26. Kabilāḍī & Kabilāḍa,
  27. Nīlagrīvī & Nīlagrīva,
  28. Śārikā & Śārika,
  29. Senā & Sena,
  30. Kuṅkumalolā & Kuṅkumalola,
  31. Vāṭirī & Vāṭira,
  32. Kākajaṅghakī & Kākajaṅgha,
  33. Sāmā & Sāma,
  34. Lehapiṣṭā & Lehapiṣṭa,
  35. Daddarī & Daddara,
  36. Mṛgāriṇī & Mṛgāri,

They are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Vāyucakra (वायुचक्र) refers to the “wind circle”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “Outside that is the Wind Circle (vāyucakra), colored in variegated dark blue. [Figures] of Yoginīs should be placed in the middles of the adamantine spokes in order. The wise should also know the other name [of their consort heroes], ‘Ākāśagarbha’. [The yoginīs are]—[...] The Yoginīs’ circle is thus [described]. The color [of their bodies] is the same as [the color of] the circle of [their residential] place (variegated dark blue). [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vayucakra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vāyucakra (वायुचक्र).—n (S) The atmosphere.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vāyucakra (वायुचक्र).—n The atmosphere. vāyucakraśāstra n Meteorology.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vayucakra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vāyucakra (वायुचक्र):—[=vāyu-cakra] [from vāyu] m. Name of one of the 7 Ṛṣis (said to be fathers of rise Maruts), [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the range of the w°, [Vīracarita]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vayucakra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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