Sahaja, aka: Sahajā, Saha-ja; 17 Definition(s)
Sahaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyebrows (bhrū), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to be performed in accordance with the corresponding gestures of the eyeballs (tārā) and the eyelids (puṭa). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).
(Instructions): the position which the eyebrows maintain by nature. (Uses): in simple (anāviddha) conditions.
2) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is another name (synonym) for Svābhāvika, referring to the “natural grace” of women, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The natural grace is one of the three aspects of ‘graces’ (alaṃkāra) which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
One of six movements of the Brows: Sahaja: the natural brow in a smooth face. It expresses the natural state.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Sahaja (सहज) refers to “natural eye-bows”, and is classified as one of the seven movements of the eye-brows, which forms a part of upāṅga (minor body-parts) in Nāṭyaśāstra. Sahaja can be used in all natural depictions.Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)
Sahajā (सहजा, “natural”) refers to one of the two types of pratibhā (poetic intuition) according to Hemacandra in his Kāvyānuśāsana. Hemacandra indicates in clear terms that inborn intellect or pratibhā is the only cause of poetry. He pointed out that sahajā or natural and aupādhiki or acquired can be the two types of pratibhā. He also says that vyutpatti and abhyāsa are the helping factor or secondary factors for the creation of poetry, which generally sharpen the kavi pratibhā.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is a variation of Silver (rajata), which is “produced” or “obtained” from the peaks of hills, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Silver itself is a metal (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Śuddhaloha.Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Sahaja silver (natural): That which is produced or obtained from the śikhara (peaks) of Kailāśa hill is known as Sahaja silver (natural silver).Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Sahaja (सहज).—A Cedi King. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 16).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Sahajā (सहजा).—A Varṇa śakti.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.
Sahaja (सहज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sahaja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Sahajā (सहजा) is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Bhoṭa: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Her weapons are the makara and dhvaja. Furthermore, Sahajā is accompanied by the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) named Bhoga and their abode is the top of the mountain.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Sahaja (सहज, “innate”) or Sahajapuṭa refers to the first layer of the Herukamaṇḍala: a large-scale and elaborate maṇḍala of Heruka, consisting of 986 deities, as found in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15.—The Herukamaṇḍala consists of four layers (puṭa) consisting of concentric circles (cakra, totally one lotus at the center and 12 concentric circles, that is, 13 circles in total).
The First layer (sahaja-puṭa, ‘innate’) consists of:
- The lotus (padma) at the center [binducakra or tilakacakra according to Jayasena’s Sādhana],
- The adamantine circle (vajracakra),
- The heart circle (hṛdayacakra),
- The merit circle (guṇacakra),
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Sahaja (सहज) or Sahajavikalpa refers to “innate discrimination” and represents one of the “three kinds of discrimination” (vikalpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 135). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sahaja). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
sahaja : (adj.) born at the same time or together.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
sahaja (सहज).—a S Born of the same mother, uterine. 2 Born with, connate, cognate, congenital, co-existent. 3 Innate, inherent naturally, natural, native.
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sahaja (सहज).—a d sahajagatīnēṃ & sahajagatyā ad sahajarītīnēṃ & sahajarītyā ad (sahaja S but the जis dz.) Without any particular or definite object, purpose, ground, occasion, necessity, idly, simply, merely. Ex. sa0 kōṇhācē gharīṃ jāūṃ nayē. 2 Without effort, exertion, labor, care; easily, readily, of itself, simply, as a matter of course. Ex. ḍōṅgarāvarūna pāṇī sa0 nēvata nāhīṃ; darabārānta jāta asalēṃ mhaṇajē sa0 ca cāra maṇḍaḷīcā paricaya hōtō. 3 It is sometimes used as a, as kāśīsa jāṇēṃ vinā paisā asalyā- vāñcūna sa0 navhē.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sahaja (सहज).—a Born of the same mother; cog- nate. Innate.
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sahaja (सहज).—ad Without any particular object; easily merely.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) inborn, natural, innate; सहजं कर्म कौन्तेय सदोषमपि न त्यजेत् (sahajaṃ karma kaunteya sadoṣamapi na tyajet) Bg.18. 48; सहजामप्यपहाय धीरताम् (sahajāmapyapahāya dhīratām) R.8.43.
2) hereditary; सहजं किल यद्विनिन्दितं न खलु तत्कर्म विवर्जनीयम् (sahajaṃ kila yadvininditaṃ na khalu tatkarma vivarjanīyam) Ś.6.1. (-jaḥ) 1 a brother of whole blood; तृतीयो मे नप्ता रजनिचरनाथस्य सहजः (tṛtīyo me naptā rajanicaranāthasya sahajaḥ) Mv.4.7.
2) the natural state or disposition. °अरिः (ariḥ) a natural enemy. °उदासीनः (udāsīnaḥ) a born neutral. °मित्रम् (mitram) a natural friend.
Sahaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saha and ja (ज).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) 1. Co-existent, cognate, born or produced together. 2. Innate, inherent, natural. m.
(-jaḥ) 1. A brother of whole blood. 2. The natural state or disposition. E. saha with, and ja born.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with (+7): Sahaja-kavi, Sahajaci Arati, Sahajagatinem, Sahajaguna, Sahajakaya, Sahajakhali, Sahajakhalim, Sahajamayurasana, Sahajamitra, Sahajananda, Sahajanetta, Sahajanmaka, Sahajanmika, Sahajanta, Sahajanya, Sahajaputa, Sahajari, Sahajashatru, Sahajasiddha, Sahajasthiti.
Ends with: Lakshmisahaja.
Full-text (+314): Sahajakaya, Sahajanta, Sahajavarim, Sahaja-kavi, Sahajamitra, Urvi, Sahajavikalpa, Sahajodasina, Hoti Vela, Abhuti, Sahajati, Sahajakhalim, Sayasa, Sahajetara, Aupadhiki, Alolikaracana, Milani, Sahajari, Bhoga, Bhangatila.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Sahaja, Sahajā, Saha-ja; (plurals include: Sahajas, Sahajās, jas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.45 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.1.1 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.6.58 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama: The Most Beloved]
Verse 1.2.75 < [Chapter 2 - Divya: In Heaven]
Verse 2.6.109 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Mandukya Karika, verse 4.9 < [Chapter IV - Alatashanti Prakarana (Quenching the firebrand)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 2: Nidanasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)