Sahaja, Saha-ja, Sahajā: 34 definitions


Sahaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sahaj.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyebrows (bhrū), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to be performed in accordance with the corresponding gestures of the eyeballs (tārā) and the eyelids (puṭa). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Instructions): the position which the eyebrows maintain by nature. (Uses): in simple (anāviddha) conditions.

2) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is another name (synonym) for Svābhāvika, referring to the “natural grace” of women, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The natural grace is one of the three aspects of ‘graces’ (alaṃkāra) which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of six movements of the Brows: Sahaja: the natural brow in a smooth face. It expresses the natural state.

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)

Sahaja (सहज) refers to “natural eye-bows”, and is classified as one of the seven movements of the eye-brows, which forms a part of upāṅga (minor body-parts) in Nāṭyaśāstra. Sahaja can be used in all natural depictions.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is a variation of Silver (rajata), which is “produced” or “obtained” from the peaks of hills, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Silver itself is a metal (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Śuddhaloha.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Sahaja silver (natural): That which is produced or obtained from the śikhara (peaks) of Kailāśa hill is known as Sahaja silver (natural silver).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sahaja (सहज).—A Cedi King. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 16).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sahajā (सहजा).—A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sahaja (सहज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sahaja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Sahajā (सहजा, “natural”) refers to one of the two types of pratibhā (poetic intuition) according to Hemacandra in his Kāvyānuśāsana. Hemacandra indicates in clear terms that inborn intellect or pratibhā is the only cause of poetry. He pointed out that sahajā or natural and aupādhiki or acquired can be the two types of pratibhā. He also says that vyutpatti and abhyāsa are the helping factor or secondary factors for the creation of poetry, which generally sharpen the kavi pratibhā.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Sahaja (सहज) means “innate” or “spontaneous”, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The command (ājñā) is generally a peripheral feature of the articulation of the theology and praxis of other schools, in this one it is central. The teaching of the Kubjikā tradition is that of the innate or spontaneous (sahaja) command of realisation (pratyayājñā). According to the Śrīmatottara-tantra—“Liberation (is attained) through the (deity’s) Command. (This) is the supreme initiation that bestows nirvāṇa”. Although there are other forms of initiation, this type is essential and should be imparted first of all by means of the Command, which, like a fire, burns up all impurity. [...]

2) Sahaja (सहज) refers to the “(yoga of the) innate”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “[...] The most excellent characteristic of a Siddha is that he does not fear living beings (sattva). He observes the five-fold Yoga of the beginning, continuity and fulfilment, the innate [i.e., sahaja] and the one born from universal being; he sees the omnipresent universe”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Somananda's Sivadrsti and His Tantric Interlocutors

Sahaja (सहज) refers to “Śiva’s natural state”, according to Somānanda’s Śivadṛṣṭi verse 1.26-29.—Accordingly, “If you object by asking how there can be understanding in the absence of the intellect, the intellect being produced from matter and not connected to it, (we reply:) that is the intellect that exists in the aparā condition. By contrast, the subtle, all-pervasive (power of) cognition, which is pure understanding, is eternally Śiva’s natural state [i.e., sahajatasya śivasya sahajaṃ sadā]. It is not the same as that of the Naiyāyikas and others, because they only contend that material knowledge is a quality of the (individual) self, not of the supreme knower. Of course, the same argument clearly should apply to (the power of) will”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Sahaja (सहज) refers to “natural (beauty)”, according to the Halāyudhastotra verse 34-35.—Accordingly, “The visitation of the wives of the distinguished sages in the Pine Park, the oblation with seed in Fire, the twilight dance: Your behaviour is not reprehensible. O Three-eyed one! The doctrines of the world do not touch those who have left worldly life, having passed far beyond the path of those whose minds are afflicted by false knowledge. The gods all wear gold and jewels as an ornament on their body. You do not even wear gold the size of a berry on your ear or on your hand. The one whose natural beauty (sahajasahajaṃ yasya saundaryam), surpassing the path [of the world], flashes on his own body, has no regard for the extraneous ornaments of ordinary men”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Sahaja (सहज) refers to “innate (bliss)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.132.—Accordingly, “[The passage] ‘inasmuch as they are [somehow] manifest in the concept [representing them’ means the following]. [...] And ‘liberation,’ [apprehended] as consisting of an absolute fullness the essence of which is nothing but the plenitude of a bliss that is not brought about [because in fact it is] innate (sahaja-ānanda), [...]—[all these] must belong to the realm of phenomena; otherwise such [things] as the fact that [they] can be desired, the search for the realization of this [desire], their determination [as having] this [particular] form and place, the practice in accordance with [this determination], etc., would [all] be impossible”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Tessitori Collection I (yoga)

Sahaja (सहज) refers to one of the Eight tests of Yoga (Aṣṭaparīkṣā), according to the manuscript by Gorakhnāth, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—There are eight tests, each defined with four terms, hence the alternate titles. the ms. and the edition also differ slightly in the sequence of the eight ‘tests’ [e.g., sahaja]. The terms defining sahaja in the manuscript are those defining nirabala (or nivira) in edition. In edition the poem finishes with a verse stating that this ‘eight-fold Yoga test is a defining mark of bhakti’.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Sahaja (सहज) refers to the “natural state” (of absorption), according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] By means of absorption for eight nights, the Yogin would be free from illness and, [while] abiding in the natural state (sahaja-stha) [of absorption], he is not afflicted by conditions such as hunger and thirst. [...]”.

2) Sahaja (सहज) refers to “one’s natural state”, according to the Candrāvalokana: a short dialogue between Śiva and Matsyendranātha dealing with teachings on absorption, mind and breath.—Accordingly, while discussing the no-mind state: “So long as the moving breath does not enter the central channel; so long as one's semen, which is connected to the breath, is not stable, and so long as the no-mind state which corresponds to one’s natural [state] (sahaja) does not arise in meditation, then if one talks of gnosis, it is deceitful and false prattling”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) refers to one of the six kinds of Viṣa (venom or poison), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa, praising the efficacy and potency of the Garuḍa-mantra states that it annihilates poison even as the sun destroys darkness.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Sahajā (सहजा) is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Bhoṭa: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Her weapons are the makara and dhvaja. Furthermore, Sahajā is accompanied by the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) named Bhoga and their abode is the top of the mountain.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Sahaja (सहज, “innate”) or Sahajapuṭa refers to the first layer of the Herukamaṇḍala: a large-scale and elaborate maṇḍala of Heruka, consisting of 986 deities, as found in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15.—The Herukamaṇḍala consists of four layers (puṭa) consisting of concentric circles (cakra, totally one lotus at the center and 12 concentric circles, that is, 13 circles in total).

The First layer (sahaja-puṭa, ‘innate’) consists of:

  1. The lotus (padma) at the center [binducakra or tilakacakra according to Jayasena’s Sādhana],
  2. The adamantine circle (vajracakra),
  3.  The heart circle (hṛdayacakra),
  4. The merit circle (guṇacakra),
Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Sahaja (सहज) or Sahajasukha refers to “innate (bliss)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In praise (of) Śrī Vajrasattva, highest universal guru, origin of all Buddhas, By various forms, removing darkness and fear, fixed resting on Meru. Dharma sustainer, chief sage, most fortunate victor, Vajradhātu mandala, In one form with all bliss, innate bliss (sahaja-sukhamayaṃ), embodied, the cause for liberation”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sahaja (सहज) or Sahajavikalpa refers to “innate discrimination” and represents one of the “three kinds of discrimination” (vikalpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 135). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., sahaja). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sahaja in India is the name of a plant defined with Terminalia alata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Pentaptera tomentosa Roxb. ex DC., nom. illeg., nom. superfl. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodr. (1828)
· Prodr. Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ Orient. (1834)
· Novae Plantarum Species praesertim Indiae Orientalis (1821)
· Cat. Ind. Pl. (1833)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sahaja, for example diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sahaja : (adj.) born at the same time or together.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sahaja (सहज).—a S Born of the same mother, uterine. 2 Born with, connate, cognate, congenital, co-existent. 3 Innate, inherent naturally, natural, native.

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sahaja (सहज).—a d sahajagatīnēṃ & sahajagatyā ad sahajarītīnēṃ & sahajarītyā ad (sahaja S but the जis dz.) Without any particular or definite object, purpose, ground, occasion, necessity, idly, simply, merely. Ex. sa0 kōṇhācē gharīṃ jāūṃ nayē. 2 Without effort, exertion, labor, care; easily, readily, of itself, simply, as a matter of course. Ex. ḍōṅgarāvarūna pāṇī sa0 nēvata nāhīṃ; darabārānta jāta asalēṃ mhaṇajē sa0 ca cāra maṇḍaḷīcā paricaya hōtō. 3 It is sometimes used as a, as kāśīsa jāṇēṃ vinā paisā asalyā- vāñcūna sa0 navhē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sahaja (सहज).—a Born of the same mother; cog- nate. Innate.

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sahaja (सहज).—ad Without any particular object; easily merely.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—a.

1) inborn, natural, innate; सहजं कर्म कौन्तेय सदोषमपि न त्यजेत् (sahajaṃ karma kaunteya sadoṣamapi na tyajet) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18. 48; सहजामप्यपहाय धीरताम् (sahajāmapyapahāya dhīratām) R.8.43.

2) hereditary; सहजं किल यद्विनिन्दितं न खलु तत्कर्म विवर्जनीयम् (sahajaṃ kila yadvininditaṃ na khalu tatkarma vivarjanīyam) Ś.6.1. (-jaḥ) 1 a brother of whole blood; तृतीयो मे नप्ता रजनिचरनाथस्य सहजः (tṛtīyo me naptā rajanicaranāthasya sahajaḥ) Mv.4.7.

2) the natural state or disposition. °अरिः (ariḥ) a natural enemy. °उदासीनः (udāsīnaḥ) a born neutral. °मित्रम् (mitram) a natural friend.

Sahaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saha and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) 1. Co-existent, cognate, born or produced together. 2. Innate, inherent, natural. m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A brother of whole blood. 2. The natural state or disposition. E. saha with, and ja born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—[saha-ja], I. adj. 1. Born or produced with, together, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 16, 66. 2. Innate, [Indralokāgamana] 4, 7. 3. Natural, [Hitopadeśa] 87, 12; [Pañcatantra] 110, 15. Ii. m. 1. A brother of whole blood. 2. The natural state or disposition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—[adjective] born at the same time or together with ([genetive]); innate, inherent, natural.

--- OR ---

Sahajā (सहजा).—[adjective] born or produced at the same time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Sahaja (सहज) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a tāntric teacher. Mentioned in Śaktiratnākara Oxf. 101^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sahaja (सहज):—[=saha-ja] [from saha] mf(ā)n. born or produced together or at the same time as ([genitive case]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] congenital, innate, hereditary, original, natural ([in the beginning of a compound], by birth, ‘by nature’, ‘naturally’; with deśa m. ‘birthplace’, ‘home’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] always the same as from the beginning, [Harivaṃśa 4238]

4) [v.s. ...] m. natural state or disposition (said to be also n.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a brother of whole blood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of various kings and other men, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] of a Tāntric teacher, [Catalogue(s)]

8) Sahajā (सहजा):—[=saha-jā] [from saha-ja > saha] a f. Name of various women, [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Buddhist literature]

9) Sahaja (सहज):—[=saha-ja] [from saha] n. Name of the third [astrology] mansion (said to be also m.), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) [v.s. ...] emancipation during life, [Catalogue(s)]

11) Sahajā (सहजा):—[=saha-jā] [from saha] b mfn. born or produced together, [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaja (सहज):—[saha-ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. A brother of whole blood; natural disposition. a. Co-existent, inherent, innate.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sahaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sahaja (सहज) [Also spelled sahaj]:—(a) easy, simple; spontaneous; straight-forward; ingenuous: innate, natural; congenital; -[jñāna] intuitive knowledge; ~[] easiness, simplicity; spontaneity; straightforwardness; ingenuity; innateness, naturality; —[buddhi] common sense; ~[yāna] a sect of the Buuddhist faith; hence ~[yānī] (a and nm); ~[vṛtti] instinct; ~[siddha] spontaneous; innate, natural; hence ~[siddhi] (nf).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sahaja (ಸಹಜ):—

1) [noun] produced or existing in nature; not artificial or manufactured; natural.

2) [noun] present since one’s birth; innate; not acquired; inborn.

3) [noun] really being what it is said to be or coming from the alleged source or origin; not counterfeit or artificial; real; true; authentic; genuine.

4) [noun] happening as a result of natural process, rather than an accident, violence, etc.; natural.

5) [noun] growing spontaneously, without being planted or tended by human hand, as vegetation.

6) [noun] having undergone little or no processing and containing no chemical additives; natural.

7) [noun] free from affectation or constraint; natural.

8) [noun] arising easily or spontaneously; natural.

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Sahaja (ಸಹಜ):—

1) [noun] a man or boy as he is related to the another child or other children of his parents; a brother.

2) [noun] the true or actual state of a matter; truth.

3) [noun] (Dvaita phil.) the quality or characteristic of the Supreme being expressed through the deities as Brahma.

4) [noun] (gram.) the un-inflected, root of a verb.

5) [noun] (dance.) the natural position of the eye-brows (without any change).

6) [noun] (rhet.) the natural, inborn talent.

7) [noun] (yoga.) the state of being in abstract meditation (considered to the natural state of the soul).

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Sahaja (ಸಹಜ):—[adverb] (dial.) without having any particular reason or intention.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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