Sahaja, Sahajā, Saha-ja: 21 definitions

Introduction

Sahaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyebrows (bhrū), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to be performed in accordance with the corresponding gestures of the eyeballs (tārā) and the eyelids (puṭa). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Instructions): the position which the eyebrows maintain by nature. (Uses): in simple (anāviddha) conditions.

2) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is another name (synonym) for Svābhāvika, referring to the “natural grace” of women, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The natural grace is one of the three aspects of ‘graces’ (alaṃkāra) which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of six movements of the Brows: Sahaja: the natural brow in a smooth face. It expresses the natural state.

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)

Sahaja (सहज) refers to “natural eye-bows”, and is classified as one of the seven movements of the eye-brows, which forms a part of upāṅga (minor body-parts) in Nāṭyaśāstra. Sahaja can be used in all natural depictions.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Sahajā (सहजा, “natural”) refers to one of the two types of pratibhā (poetic intuition) according to Hemacandra in his Kāvyānuśāsana. Hemacandra indicates in clear terms that inborn intellect or pratibhā is the only cause of poetry. He pointed out that sahajā or natural and aupādhiki or acquired can be the two types of pratibhā. He also says that vyutpatti and abhyāsa are the helping factor or secondary factors for the creation of poetry, which generally sharpen the kavi pratibhā.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is a variation of Silver (rajata), which is “produced” or “obtained” from the peaks of hills, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Silver itself is a metal (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Śuddhaloha.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Sahaja silver (natural): That which is produced or obtained from the śikhara (peaks) of Kailāśa hill is known as Sahaja silver (natural silver).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sahaja (सहज).—A Cedi King. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 16).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sahajā (सहजा).—A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sahaja (सहज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sahaja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Sahajā (सहजा) is the name of a Goddess (Devī) presiding over Bhoṭa: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Her weapons are the makara and dhvaja. Furthermore, Sahajā is accompanied by the Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) named Bhoga and their abode is the top of the mountain.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Sahaja (सहज, “innate”) or Sahajapuṭa refers to the first layer of the Herukamaṇḍala: a large-scale and elaborate maṇḍala of Heruka, consisting of 986 deities, as found in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15.—The Herukamaṇḍala consists of four layers (puṭa) consisting of concentric circles (cakra, totally one lotus at the center and 12 concentric circles, that is, 13 circles in total).

The First layer (sahaja-puṭa, ‘innate’) consists of:

  1. The lotus (padma) at the center [binducakra or tilakacakra according to Jayasena’s Sādhana],
  2. The adamantine circle (vajracakra),
  3.  The heart circle (hṛdayacakra),
  4. The merit circle (guṇacakra),
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sahaja (सहज) or Sahajavikalpa refers to “innate discrimination” and represents one of the “three kinds of discrimination” (vikalpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 135). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sahaja). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sahaja : (adj.) born at the same time or together.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sahaja (सहज).—a S Born of the same mother, uterine. 2 Born with, connate, cognate, congenital, co-existent. 3 Innate, inherent naturally, natural, native.

--- OR ---

sahaja (सहज).—a d sahajagatīnēṃ & sahajagatyā ad sahajarītīnēṃ & sahajarītyā ad (sahaja S but the जis dz.) Without any particular or definite object, purpose, ground, occasion, necessity, idly, simply, merely. Ex. sa0 kōṇhācē gharīṃ jāūṃ nayē. 2 Without effort, exertion, labor, care; easily, readily, of itself, simply, as a matter of course. Ex. ḍōṅgarāvarūna pāṇī sa0 nēvata nāhīṃ; darabārānta jāta asalēṃ mhaṇajē sa0 ca cāra maṇḍaḷīcā paricaya hōtō. 3 It is sometimes used as a, as kāśīsa jāṇēṃ vinā paisā asalyā- vāñcūna sa0 navhē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sahaja (सहज).—a Born of the same mother; cog- nate. Innate.

--- OR ---

sahaja (सहज).—ad Without any particular object; easily merely.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—a.

1) inborn, natural, innate; सहजं कर्म कौन्तेय सदोषमपि न त्यजेत् (sahajaṃ karma kaunteya sadoṣamapi na tyajet) Bg.18. 48; सहजामप्यपहाय धीरताम् (sahajāmapyapahāya dhīratām) R.8.43.

2) hereditary; सहजं किल यद्विनिन्दितं न खलु तत्कर्म विवर्जनीयम् (sahajaṃ kila yadvininditaṃ na khalu tatkarma vivarjanīyam) Ś.6.1. (-jaḥ) 1 a brother of whole blood; तृतीयो मे नप्ता रजनिचरनाथस्य सहजः (tṛtīyo me naptā rajanicaranāthasya sahajaḥ) Mv.4.7.

2) the natural state or disposition. °अरिः (ariḥ) a natural enemy. °उदासीनः (udāsīnaḥ) a born neutral. °मित्रम् (mitram) a natural friend.

Sahaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saha and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) 1. Co-existent, cognate, born or produced together. 2. Innate, inherent, natural. m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A brother of whole blood. 2. The natural state or disposition. E. saha with, and ja born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—[saha-ja], I. adj. 1. Born or produced with, together, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 16, 66. 2. Innate, [Indralokāgamana] 4, 7. 3. Natural, [Hitopadeśa] 87, 12; [Pañcatantra] 110, 15. Ii. m. 1. A brother of whole blood. 2. The natural state or disposition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaja (सहज).—[adjective] born at the same time or together with ([genetive]); innate, inherent, natural.

--- OR ---

Sahajā (सहजा).—[adjective] born or produced at the same time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Sahaja (सहज) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a tāntric teacher. Mentioned in Śaktiratnākara Oxf. 101^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sahaja (सहज):—[=saha-ja] [from saha] mf(ā)n. born or produced together or at the same time as ([genitive case]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] congenital, innate, hereditary, original, natural ([in the beginning of a compound], by birth, ‘by nature’, ‘naturally’; with deśa m. ‘birthplace’, ‘home’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] always the same as from the beginning, [Harivaṃśa 4238]

4) [v.s. ...] m. natural state or disposition (said to be also n.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a brother of whole blood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of various kings and other men, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] of a Tāntric teacher, [Catalogue(s)]

8) Sahajā (सहजा):—[=saha-jā] [from saha-ja > saha] a f. Name of various women, [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Buddhist literature]

9) Sahaja (सहज):—[=saha-ja] [from saha] n. Name of the third [astrology] mansion (said to be also m.), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) [v.s. ...] emancipation during life, [Catalogue(s)]

11) Sahajā (सहजा):—[=saha-jā] [from saha] b mfn. born or produced together, [Ṛg-veda]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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