Sahaja, aka: Sahajā, Saha-ja; 14 Definition(s)


Sahaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyebrows (bhrū), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to be performed in accordance with the corresponding gestures of the eyeballs (tārā) and the eyelids (puṭa). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Instructions): the position which the eyebrows maintain by nature. (Uses): in simple (anāviddha) conditions.

2) Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is another name (synonym) for Svābhāvika, referring to the “natural grace” of women, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The natural grace is one of the three aspects of ‘graces’ (alaṃkāra) which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

One of six movements of the Brows: Sahaja: the natural brow in a smooth face. It expresses the natural state.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Sahaja (सहज) refers to “natural eye-bows”, and is classified as one of the seven movements of the eye-brows, which forms a part of upāṅga (minor body-parts) in Nāṭyaśāstra. Sahaja can be used in all natural depictions.

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style (natya)

Sahajā (सहजा, “natural”) refers to one of the two types of pratibhā (poetic intuition) according to Hemacandra in his Kāvyānuśāsana. Hemacandra indicates in clear terms that inborn intellect or pratibhā is the only cause of poetry. He pointed out that sahajā or natural and aupādhiki or acquired can be the two types of pratibhā. He also says that vyutpatti and abhyāsa are the helping factor or secondary factors for the creation of poetry, which generally sharpen the kavi pratibhā.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Sahaja (सहज, “natural”) is a variation of Silver (rajata), which is “produced” or “obtained” from the peaks of hills, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. Silver itself is a metal (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Śuddhaloha.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sahaja silver (natural): That which is produced or obtained from the śikhara (peaks) of Kailāśa hill is known as Sahaja silver (natural silver).

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Sahaja in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sahaja (सहज).—A Cedi King. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 16).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Sahajā (सहजा).—A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 61.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Sahaja (सहज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sahaja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Sahaja (सहज) or Sahajavikalpa refers to “innate discrimination” and represents one of the “three kinds of discrimination” (vikalpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 135). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sahaja). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sahaja in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sahaja : (adj.) born at the same time or together.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

sahaja (सहज).—a S Born of the same mother, uterine. 2 Born with, connate, cognate, congenital, co-existent. 3 Innate, inherent naturally, natural, native.

--- OR ---

sahaja (सहज).—a d sahajagatīnēṃ & sahajagatyā ad sahajarītīnēṃ & sahajarītyā ad (sahaja S but the जis dz.) Without any particular or definite object, purpose, ground, occasion, necessity, idly, simply, merely. Ex. sa0 kōṇhācē gharīṃ jāūṃ nayē. 2 Without effort, exertion, labor, care; easily, readily, of itself, simply, as a matter of course. Ex. ḍōṅgarāvarūna pāṇī sa0 nēvata nāhīṃ; darabārānta jāta asalēṃ mhaṇajē sa0 ca cāra maṇḍaḷīcā paricaya hōtō. 3 It is sometimes used as a, as kāśīsa jāṇēṃ vinā paisā asalyā- vāñcūna sa0 navhē.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sahaja (सहज).—a Born of the same mother; cog- nate. Innate.

--- OR ---

sahaja (सहज).—ad Without any particular object; easily merely.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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