Ashtadikpalaka, aka: Aṣṭadikpālaka; 3 Definition(s)
Ashtadikpalaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Aṣṭadikpālaka can be transliterated into English as Astadikpalaka or Ashtadikpalaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Aṣṭadikpālaka (अष्टदिक्पालक).—The Devī Bhāgavata states like this about the eight zones and their guardians. Situated in the eight different zones of the Brahmaloka are eight big cities of the eight guardians of these zones each covering an area of 2500 yojanas. All these are on the top of Mahāmeru and Brahmā sits in the centre in his city called Manovatī. Around his city are the others as follows:
On the east is Amarāvatī, city of Indra.
On South-east is Tejovatī, city of Agni.
On the South is Saṃyamanī, city of Yama.
On the South-west is Kṛṣṇāñjanā, city of Nirṛti.
On the West is Śraddhāvatī, city of Varuṇa.
On the North-west is Gandhavatī, city of Vāyu.
On the North is Mahodaya, city of Kubera.
On the North-east is Yaśovatī, city of Śiva. (Aṣṭama Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Aṣṭadikpālaka (अष्टदिक्पालक).—The central panel has Śiva as Umāsahita and the surrounding panels have Aṣṭadikpālakas carved in each of the panel. They are carved in their respective directions i.e.
- Agni (south-east),
- Yama (south),
- Nirṛti (south-West),
- Varuṇa (West),
- Vāyu (North West),
- Kubera (North),
- Īśāna (North East).
They are shown with their consorts and as riding on their vehicles. These vehicles are shown in movementSource: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Aṣṭadikpālakas are the guardians of the eight [cardinal] points of the world. Their names are as follows:
- Indra is the above-mentioned king gods. He is also known as Devendra.
- Agni is the element fire, more precisely the gods of fire, also known as Agnibhagavān.
- Yama is the god of death and king of hell or the lowest world that is known as Pātālaloka and Yamaloka.
- Nirṛti is the element earth and is portrayed in the form of a giant.
- Vāyu is the element air, more precisely the god of air.
- Varuṇa is the god of clouds and rain.
- Kubera is the god of riches.
- Īśāna is Īśvara himself.
All these [guardians] are worshipped on festival days and whenever sacrifices are offered, especially when the burnt offerings known as Yāga, Homa and Yajana are made.
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