by J. L. Shastri | 1970 | 616,585 words
This page relates “the family of kashyapa” as found in the Shiva-purana, which, in Hinduism, represents one of the eighteen Mahapuranas. This work eulogizes Lord Shiva as the supreme deity, besides topics such as cosmology and philosophy. It is written in Sanskrit and claims to be a redaction of an original text consisting of 100,000 metrical verses.
1-2. O brahmin, they are Aditi, Surasā, Ariṣṭelā, Danu, Surabhi, Vinatā, Ilā, Tāmrā, Krodhavaśā, Kadru and Muni. Now listen to the names of their sons. In the previous excellent Manvantara twelve excellent gods were born.
3-6. They are Tuṣitas. During the intervening period of the Vaivasvata and Cākṣuṣa Manvantaras they consulted one another for the welfare of the worlds. After meeting together they spoke—“We will enter Aditi and be born. This will happen for the welfare of the gods.” After conferring they were born of Aditi daughter of Dakṣa and Kaśyapa son of Marīci. Viṣṇu and Indra were born again.
7-9. They along with Aryaman, Dhātṛ, Tvaṣṭṛ, Pūṣan, Vivasvat, Savitṛ, Mitrāvaruṇa, Aṃśa, Bhaga and Atitejas are the twelve Ādityas. Those who were born before as Tuṣitas were born again as the twelve Ādityas in the Cākṣuṣa Manvantara, O Śaunaka thus the names of Aditi’s sons have been mentioned to you.
11-12. The children of Ariṣṭanemi’s wives were sixteen in number. “O celestial sage, the learned Kṛśāśva had many sons. Four of them are known as Devapraharaṇa. O sage, in his wife Arcis, Dhūmrakeśa too was born.
14. At the end of a thousand Yugas these will be born again. All the groups of the gods are thirty-three.
15. Just as the sun rises and sets every day so also the groups of gods are born in every Yuga.
21-22. O great sage, Bali begot hundred sons of his wife Aśanā. He was a great devotee of Śiva. He engaged himself in the activities of devotion to Śiva. He was charitably inclined and liberal-minded. He attained meritorious fame and austerity. His son Bāṇa was foremost among the devotees of Śiva. By propitiating Śiva he attained the leadership of Gaṇas.
23. The story of Bāṇa has already been heard by you. In the battle Kṛṣṇa was delighted with him.
24-25 Hiraṇyākṣa’s five sons were strong and learned. They were Kukura, Śakuni, Bhūta Santāpana, Mahānāda and Kālanābha. Thus the sons of Diti have been mentioned. O sage, now listen to the names of the sons of Danu.
26-28. Danu’s sons were hundred in number and were of severe exploits. Ayomukha, Śambara, Kapola, Vāmana, Vaiśvānara, Puloman, Vidrāvaṇa, Mahāśira, Svarbhānu, Vṛṣaparvan and the powerful Vipracitti—these were the sons of Danu begot by Kaśyapa. O sage, now listen to the names of their sons. O sinless one, incidentally I shall mention a few of them.
29-30. Prabhā was the daughter of Svarbhānu. Śacī was the daughter of Puloman. So also Upadānavī, Hayaśirā and Śarmiṣṭhā were daughters of Vṛṣaparvan. Pulomā and Pulomikā were the daughters of Vaiśvānara. They were the wives of Kaśyapa son of Marīci and had many heroic sons.
31. Kaśyapa, son of Marīci, endowed with great penance, begot of them sixty thousand sons delighting the Dānavas.
37. Many sons and grandsons were born of them increasing the race of Danu. Being innumerable they are not mentioned in detail.
41. Śyenī gave birth to vultures, Bhāsī to Bhāsas Gṛdhrī to Gṛdhrakas. Śukī gave birth to parrots and Sugrīvī to auspicious birds.
42. Tāmrā the beloved of Kaśyapa gave birth to horses, camels and donkeys. Thus the family of Tāmrā has been described to you.
44-47. Surasā gave birth to a thousand serpents of immeasurable power. They had many hoods. They were powerful enough to traverse the sky, the important among them were the kings Śeṣa, Vāsuki and Takṣaka, Airāvata, Mahāpadma, Kambala and Aśvatara. The sons of Ailā were Padma, Karkoṭaka, Dhanañjaya, Mahānīla, Mahākarṇa, Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Balāhaka, Kuhara, Puṣpadanta, Durmukha, Sumukha, Khararoman, Kharapāṇi and many others.
48. Krodhavaśā gave birth to many who. were the fanged animals and birds both of land and water. Varā’s sons were animals.
50-51. Surabhi gave birth to rabbits and buffaloes; Ilā to trees, creepers, spreading vines and all kinds of grass; Khaśā gave birth to Yakṣa and Rākṣasas, Muni gave birth to the celestial damsels. Ariṣṭā gave birth to serpents more excellent than human beings in their power.
52. O great sages, thus the descendants of Kaśyapa have been explained to you. They had hundreds of sons and grandsons.
Footnotes and references:
This city of the Paulomas and Kālakhañjas (or Kālakeyas) as mentioned in the Mahābhārata (Vana P. CLXXIII.13) and the Kathāsaritsāgara (XLV. 135) stood on the sea-route leading to Pātāla. Its exact locus remains still unidentified.