Bhi, Bhī: 5 definitions

Introduction

Bhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhī (भी).—I. 3 P. (bibheti, bibhāya-bibhayāṃcakāra, abhaiṣīt, bheṣyati, bhīta)

1) To fear, dread, be afraid of; मृत्योर्बिभेषि किं बाल न स भीतं विमुञ्चति (mṛtyorbibheṣi kiṃ bāla na sa bhītaṃ vimuñcati); रावणाद्बिभ्यतीं भृशम् (rāvaṇādbibhyatīṃ bhṛśam) Bk.8.7; Śi.3.45.

2) To be anxious or solicitous about (Ā.). -II. 1 P. To fear (bhāyayati, bhayayati). -Caus. (bhāyayati) To frighten (any one) with anything; कुञ्चिकयैनं भाययति (kuñcikayainaṃ bhāyayati) Sk.; (bhāpayate, bhīṣayate) to frighten, terrify, intimidate; मुण्डो भापयते (muṇḍo bhāpayate) Sk.; स्तनितेन भीषयित्वा धाराहस्तैः परामृशसि (stanitena bhīṣayitvā dhārāhastaiḥ parāmṛśasi) Mk.5.28.

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Bhī (भी).—f. Fear, dread, alarm, fright, terror; अभीः (abhīḥ) 'fearless' R.15.8; वपुष्मान् वीतभीर्वाग्मी दूतो राज्ञः प्रशस्यते (vapuṣmān vītabhīrvāgmī dūto rājñaḥ praśasyate) Ms.7.64.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhī (भी).—[(ñi) ñibhī] r. 3rd cl. (vibheti) To dread, to fear, to be afraid of: also, r. 1st and 10th cls. (bhayati bhāyayati) but not always admitted.

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Bhī (भी).—f.

(-bhīḥ) Fear, dread. E. bhī to fear, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhī (भी):—1. bhī [class] 3. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxv, 2]) bibheti ([dual number] bibhītas or bibhitas [Potential] bibhīyāt or bibhiyāt, [Pāṇini 6-4, 115]; [Potential] 3. [plural] bibhyeyuḥ, [Mahābhārata xii, 459]; [imperfect tense] 3. [plural] abibhayuḥ, [Pāṇini 7-3, 83 [Scholiast or Commentator]]; [Epic] also [Ātmanepada] 1. sg. bibhye and and [Parasmaipada] 3. sg. bibhyati [plural] bibhyanti; [Vedic or Veda] also [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] bhayate, and accord, to, [Dhātupāṭha xxxiv, 15], [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] bhāyayati; [perfect tense] bibhāya, 3. [plural] bibhyuḥ, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; bībhāya, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]; bibhayāṃ cakara, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] cf. [Pāṇini 3-1, 39]; [Aorist] abhaiṣīt, ṣma, ṣuḥ, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc., 2. sg. bhaiṣīs, [Atharva-veda], bhais, [Brāhmaṇa] etc., [especially] in mābhais, ‘do not be afraid’; once for [plural] = mā bhaiṣṭa, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 55, 25]; bhes, [Brāhmaṇa]; bhema, [Ṛg-veda], p. [Ātmanepada] bhiyāna, [ib.]; [future] bhetā [grammar]; cond. abheṣyat, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; [infinitive mood] bhiyase, [Ṛg-veda]; bhetum, [Mahābhārata] etc.),

—to fear, be afraid of ([ablative] or [genitive case], rarely [instrumental case] or [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to fear for, be anxious about ([ablative]), [Rāmāyaṇa] :—[Passive voice] bhīyate, [Aorist], abhāyi [grammar]:—[Causal] bhīṣayate ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; cf. [Pāṇini 1-3, 68]), bhīṣayati ([Mahābhārata]; once mc. bhiṣ, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; p. bhīṣayāṇa, [Mahābhārata]; [Aorist] bībhiṣaḥ, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā], ṣathāḥ, [Ṛg-veda]), bhāyayati, te ([Pāṇini 1-3, 68 [Scholiast or Commentator]]; [Potential] bhāyayes, [Meghadūta 61]; [varia lectio] bhīṣayes; [Aorist] bībhayat, abībhayanta, [Ṛg-veda]; [indeclinable participle] -bhāyya, [Brāhmaṇa]), bhāpayate ([Pāṇini 6-1, 56 [Scholiast or Commentator]]),

—to terrify, put in a fright, intimidate, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Desiderative] bibhīṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] bebhīyate, bebhayīti, bebheti, [ib.]

2) cf.bhyas; [Lithuanian] bijótis; [Slavonic or Slavonian] bojati; [German] biben, beben.

3) 2. bhī f. fear, apprehension, fright, alarm, dread of ([ablative] [locative case] [accusative] with prati, or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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