Bhi, Bhī: 12 definitions


Bhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhī (भी).—I. 3 P. (bibheti, bibhāya-bibhayāṃcakāra, abhaiṣīt, bheṣyati, bhīta)

1) To fear, dread, be afraid of; मृत्योर्बिभेषि किं बाल न स भीतं विमुञ्चति (mṛtyorbibheṣi kiṃ bāla na sa bhītaṃ vimuñcati); रावणाद्बिभ्यतीं भृशम् (rāvaṇādbibhyatīṃ bhṛśam) Bhaṭṭikāvya 8.7; Śiśupālavadha 3.45.

2) To be anxious or solicitous about (Ā.). -II. 1 P. To fear (bhāyayati, bhayayati). -Caus. (bhāyayati) To frighten (any one) with anything; कुञ्चिकयैनं भाययति (kuñcikayainaṃ bhāyayati) Sk.; (bhāpayate, bhīṣayate) to frighten, terrify, intimidate; मुण्डो भापयते (muṇḍo bhāpayate) Sk.; स्तनितेन भीषयित्वा धाराहस्तैः परामृशसि (stanitena bhīṣayitvā dhārāhastaiḥ parāmṛśasi) Mṛcchakaṭika 5.28.

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Bhī (भी).—f. Fear, dread, alarm, fright, terror; अभीः (abhīḥ) 'fearless' R.15.8; वपुष्मान् वीतभीर्वाग्मी दूतो राज्ञः प्रशस्यते (vapuṣmān vītabhīrvāgmī dūto rājñaḥ praśasyate) Manusmṛti 7.64.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhī (भी).—[(ñi) ñibhī] r. 3rd cl. (vibheti) To dread, to fear, to be afraid of: also, r. 1st and 10th cls. (bhayati bhāyayati) but not always admitted.

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Bhī (भी).—f.

(-bhīḥ) Fear, dread. E. bhī to fear, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhī (भी).—ii. 3; i. 1, ved. (and † i. 10?), [Parasmaipada.] (ved., and in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], Chr. 292, 8 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 8; Mahābhārata 3, 16289). 1. To fear, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 59, 2. 2. To be afraid of, with abl., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 191; with gen., [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 1, 4; with acc., [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 51, 7. Anomal. aor. sing. 2. bhais, Chr. 36, 16. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. bhīta, Frightened, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 364; fearful, Chr. 19, 14; timid, Chr. 54, 11; afraid of, [Cāṇakya] 96 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 413. n. Fear. Comp. A-, adj. fearless, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 60, 7. Divā-, m. 1. an owl, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 12. 2. a thief. 3. any flower, the petals of which close in the daytime. Mahā-, 1. adj. very timid. 2. f. , a sort of sensitive plant, Mimosa pudica. Su-, adj. much afraid, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 20. [Causal.] 1. bhāyaya. 2. bhāpaya, [Ātmanepada.] 3. bhīṣaya, [Ātmanepada.] (in epic poetry also [Parasmaipada.], Mahābhārata 1, 185), To terrify, Mahābhārata 8, 1791. bhiṣita, Terrified, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 193, 15.

— With the prep. nis nis, nirbhita, adj. fearless, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 27, 17 (rather bhīta, n. Fear, with nis).

— With pra pra, To fear in a high degree, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 6, 2. (vi vi, in vi-bhīta, adj. Fearless, is compounded rather with bhīta. )

— Cf. ( = bhāp in the [Causal.] bhāpaya), and probably [Old High German.] bibên; A. S. bifian, beofian (old [frequentative.]).

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Bhī (भी).—f. Fear, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 125.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhī (भी).—1. bhayate bibheti (bibhyati), [participle] bhīta (q.v.) fear, be afraid of ([ablative] or [genetive], [rarely] [instrumental] or [accusative]); fear for, be anxious about ([ablative]). [Causative] bhīṣayate (ti) & bhāyayati frighten, terrify.

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Bhī (भी).—2. [feminine] fear, horror at ([ablative], [locative], [accusative] [with] prati, or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhī (भी):—1. bhī [class] 3. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxv, 2]) bibheti ([dual number] bibhītas or bibhitas [Potential] bibhīyāt or bibhiyāt, [Pāṇini 6-4, 115]; [Potential] 3. [plural] bibhyeyuḥ, [Mahābhārata xii, 459]; [imperfect tense] 3. [plural] abibhayuḥ, [Pāṇini 7-3, 83 [Scholiast or Commentator]]; [Epic] also [Ātmanepada] 1. sg. bibhye and and [Parasmaipada] 3. sg. bibhyati [plural] bibhyanti; [Vedic or Veda] also [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] bhayate, and accord, to, [Dhātupāṭha xxxiv, 15], [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] bhāyayati; [perfect tense] bibhāya, 3. [plural] bibhyuḥ, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; bībhāya, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]; bibhayāṃ cakara, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] cf. [Pāṇini 3-1, 39]; [Aorist] abhaiṣīt, ṣma, ṣuḥ, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc., 2. sg. bhaiṣīs, [Atharva-veda], bhais, [Brāhmaṇa] etc., [especially] in mābhais, ‘do not be afraid’; once for [plural] = mā bhaiṣṭa, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 55, 25]; bhes, [Brāhmaṇa]; bhema, [Ṛg-veda], p. [Ātmanepada] bhiyāna, [ib.]; [future] bhetā [grammar]; cond. abheṣyat, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; [infinitive mood] bhiyase, [Ṛg-veda]; bhetum, [Mahābhārata] etc.),

—to fear, be afraid of ([ablative] or [genitive case], rarely [instrumental case] or [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to fear for, be anxious about ([ablative]), [Rāmāyaṇa] :—[Passive voice] bhīyate, [Aorist], abhāyi [grammar]:—[Causal] bhīṣayate ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.; cf. [Pāṇini 1-3, 68]), bhīṣayati ([Mahābhārata]; once mc. bhiṣ, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; p. bhīṣayāṇa, [Mahābhārata]; [Aorist] bībhiṣaḥ, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā], ṣathāḥ, [Ṛg-veda]), bhāyayati, te ([Pāṇini 1-3, 68 [Scholiast or Commentator]]; [Potential] bhāyayes, [Meghadūta 61]; [varia lectio] bhīṣayes; [Aorist] bībhayat, abībhayanta, [Ṛg-veda]; [indeclinable participle] -bhāyya, [Brāhmaṇa]), bhāpayate ([Pāṇini 6-1, 56 [Scholiast or Commentator]]),

—to terrify, put in a fright, intimidate, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Desiderative] bibhīṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive] bebhīyate, bebhayīti, bebheti, [ib.]

2) cf.bhyas; [Lithuanian] bijótis; [Slavonic or Slavonian] bojati; [German] biben, beben.

3) 2. bhī f. fear, apprehension, fright, alarm, dread of ([ablative] [locative case] [accusative] with prati, or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhī (भी):—(li, ñi) bibheti 3. a. To fear.

2) (ki) bhayati bhāyayati 1. 10. a. Idem.

3) (bhīḥ) 3. f. Fear.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhī (भी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bihna, Bīha, Bhā, Bhāa, Bhiha, Bhī, Bhīha, Valahi, Valahī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhī (भी):—(ind) also, too, even.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bhī (भी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhī.

Bhī has the following synonyms: Bhiha.

2) Bhī (भी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhī (ಭೀ):—

1) [noun] an unpleasant often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger.

2) [noun] an instance of this emotion; fear; dread.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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