Kamadhenu, aka: Kama-dhenu, Kāmadhenu; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kamadhenu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

The surabhi cow is also called kāmadhenu. Although Jamadagni possessed only one kāmadhenu, he was able to get from it everything desirable.

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of kamadhenu in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Kamadhenu in Shaktism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु, “Wish-Fulfilling Cow”):—One of the names of Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Kāmadhenu refers to the Devī’s nurturing aspect. Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

2) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु, “Wish-Fulfilling Cow”):—One of the female offspring from Mahākālī (tamas-form of Mahādevī). Mahākālī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahāsarasvatī. Not to be confused with Kālī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named tamas. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

3) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु, “the wish-cow”):—One of the names of Sarasvatī, the Hindu goddess of speech, eloquence and all forms of knowledge.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of kamadhenu in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana

Kamadhenu in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—(SURABHI—NANDINĪ). General. She is the first mother of cattle. She is a goddess with marvellous powers and attainments who gives milk whenever needed by gods and sages. The Purāṇas declare that all the cattle in the world today are descended from Kāmadhenu. (See full article at Story of Kāmadhenu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—A goddess following Revatī;1 gift of.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 179. 73.
  • 2) Ib. 279. 4; 106. 74.

1b) Jamadagni's cow providing hospitality to Haihaya hosts; bound by king's servants, she kicked off its shackles and flew in the air.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 54.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kamadhenu in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Kamadhenu in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—Abridgment of काव्यकामधेनु (kāvyakāmadhenu) of Bopadeva; the word is also used as a short form for काव्यकामधेनु (kāvyakāmadhenu).

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of kamadhenu in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Kamadhenu in Pancaratra glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु) or Kāmadhenumudrā or Surabhi is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 44-46.—Accordingly, “the two hands are to be closely knit and kept facing downwards, the two little fingers and thumbs are to be well pressed together, the pairs of the middle fingers are to be placed each on the back of the opposite palm. The pair of ring fingers and index fingers are to be apart. This is named kāmadhenumudrā which fulfills all desires”. Mūdra (eg., Kāmadhenu-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of kamadhenu in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kamadhenu in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kamadhenu sprang forth from the chruning of the ocean-of-milk, and was claimed by Indra as his property. It is capable of yielding any item desired by him. It also had a divine calf Nandini, which was gifted to Vasishta by Indra.

Kamadhenu is also known as Surabhi in some texts.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kamadhenu is a divine bovine-goddess described in Hindu mythology as the mother of all cows. All cows are venerated in Hinduism as the earthly embodiment of the Kamadhenu. As such, Kamadhenu is not worshipped independently as a goddess, rather, she is honored by the veneration of cows in general throughout the observant Hindu population.

Hindu scriptures provide diverse accounts of the birth of Kamadhenu. While some narrate that she emerged from the churning of the cosmic ocean, others describe her as the daughter of the creator god Daksha, and as the wife of the sage Kashyapa. Still other scriptures narrate that Kamadhenu was in the possession of either Jamadagni or Vasistha (both ancient sages), and that kings who tried to steal her from the sage ultimately faced dire consequences for their actions.

Etymology:

  • Kamadhenu (Sanskrit: कामधेनु [kaːməˈd̪ʱeːnʊ] Kāmadhenu), also known as Surabhi (सुरभि Surabhī).
  • Kamadhenu is often addressed by the proper name Surabhi, which is also used as a synonym for an ordinary cow.
  • The epithets "Kamadhenu", "Kamaduh" (कामदुह्) and "Kamaduha" (कामदुहा) literally mean the cow "from whom all that is desired is drawn"—"the cow of plenty"
  • According to the Monier Williams Sanskrit–English Dictionary (1899), Surabhi means fragrant, charming, pleasing, as well as cow and earth.
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kamadhenu in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kāmadhēnu (कामधेनु).—f (S) A cow fabled to have the power of gratifying every wish of her owner. Hence applied to a cow that yields milk abundantly; to a patron courteous and obliging; to a servant of varied talents and skill; to a field or tree exceedingly productive; to a book treating on several subjects; to a garment or other article applicable to various uses; to any polychrest, panacea, or all-supplying or all-serving thing or person.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāmadhēnu (कामधेनु).—f An all-supplying cow. A cow that yields milk abundantly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of kamadhenu in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kamadhenu in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—f. the cow of plenty, a heavenly cow yielding all desires; कलतिवलती कामधेनू (kalativalatī kāmadhenū); or कलिवली कामधेनू (kalivalī kāmadhenū) Vyākaraṇa Subhāṣita.

Derivable forms: kāmadhenuḥ (कामधेनुः).

Kāmadhenu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and dhenu (धेनु).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kamadhenu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 826 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kama
Kāma (काम, “love”) is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) beginni...
Kamala
Kamalā (कमला), daughter of Devala, is one of the twelve female friends of Mahallikā: daughter o...
Kamarupa
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—a. 1) taking any form at will; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः (jān...
Dhenu
Dhenu (धेनु).—See under Surabhi.
Kamadeva
Kāmadeva (कामदेव).—See under Kāma.
Kamada
Kāmadā (कामदा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.27). Note:...
Kamakhya
Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या).—Name of Durgā. Kāmākhyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kām...
Kamakshi
Kāmākṣī (कामाक्षी).—Name of Durgā. Kāmākṣī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma ...
Sarvakama
Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम).—Son of King Ṛtuparṇa. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).
Kamashastra
Kāmaśāstra (कामशास्त्र) refers to the “science of erotics” and represents one of the nine divis...
Kamacchanda
Kāmacchanda (कामच्छन्द, “envy”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter ...
Kamatanha
Kama-tanha (sense-craving) is described as follows: 1) Pali: kāma-taṇhā 2) Also refe...
Kamaguna
Kāmaguṇa (कामगुण).—1) the quality of passion, affection. 2) satiety, perfect enjoyment. 3) an o...
Kamapala
Kāmapāla (कामपाल).—A Yādava dependant of Śri kṛṣṇa. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).
Ghritadhenu
Ghṛtadhenu (घृतधेनु).—ghee in the shape of milch-cow. Derivable forms: ghṛtadhenuḥ (घृतधेनुः).G...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: