Kamadhenu, Kāmadhenu, Kama-dhenu: 21 definitions
Kamadhenu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
The surabhi cow is also called kāmadhenu. Although Jamadagni possessed only one kāmadhenu, he was able to get from it everything desirable.Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु) refers to “a cow who can fulfil all desires”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
1) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु, “Wish-Fulfilling Cow”):—One of the names of Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Kāmadhenu refers to the Devī’s nurturing aspect. Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named sattva. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
2) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु, “Wish-Fulfilling Cow”):—One of the female offspring from Mahākālī (tamas-form of Mahādevī). Mahākālī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahālakṣmī and Mahāsarasvatī. Not to be confused with Kālī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named tamas. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
3) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु, “the wish-cow”):—One of the names of Sarasvatī, the Hindu goddess of speech, eloquence and all forms of knowledge.Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु) refers to one of the various Nṛsiṃha Yoginīs or Śaktis created for the purpose of pacifying the Rudraśaktis.—Accordingly, [...] Rudra meditated on Mahānṛsiṃha. Pleased with Rudra’s prayers, Narasiṃha created four Vyūhaśaktis [Vāgīśvarī, Mahāmāyā, Bhagamālinī and Atibhadrakālī=Śuṣkarevatī]. The Lord created a group of Nṛsiṃha Yoginīs [viz., Kāmadhenu] to accompany the three main Śaktis. All of them, under the command of Śuṣkarēvatī, attacked the Rudraśaktis, subdued them and pacified them to attain benevolence.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—(SURABHI—NANDINĪ). General. She is the first mother of cattle. She is a goddess with marvellous powers and attainments who gives milk whenever needed by gods and sages. The Purāṇas declare that all the cattle in the world today are descended from Kāmadhenu. (See full article at Story of Kāmadhenu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1b) Jamadagni's cow providing hospitality to Haihaya hosts; bound by king's servants, she kicked off its shackles and flew in the air.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 54.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—Abridgment of काव्यकामधेनु (kāvyakāmadhenu) of Bopadeva; the word is also used as a short form for काव्यकामधेनु (kāvyakāmadhenu).
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु) or Kāmadhenumudrā or Surabhi is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 44-46.—Accordingly, “the two hands are to be closely knit and kept facing downwards, the two little fingers and thumbs are to be well pressed together, the pairs of the middle fingers are to be placed each on the back of the opposite palm. The pair of ring fingers and index fingers are to be apart. This is named kāmadhenumudrā which fulfills all desires”. Mūdra (eg., Kāmadhenu-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु) refers to the “celestial cow” and represents one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The animals and birds found as vehicles for the deities or held as attributes or weapons in the hands of the deities are, for example, Kāmadhenu.
Note: Kāmadhenu is the divine cow found in the Indra-loka with a cow’s body and woman’s face. The milk given by Kāmadhenu is inexhaustitle.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Kamadhenu sprang forth from the chruning of the ocean-of-milk, and was claimed by Indra as his property. It is capable of yielding any item desired by him. It also had a divine calf Nandini, which was gifted to Vasishta by Indra.
Kamadhenu is also known as Surabhi in some texts.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Kamadhenu is a divine bovine-goddess described in Hindu mythology as the mother of all cows. All cows are venerated in Hinduism as the earthly embodiment of the Kamadhenu. As such, Kamadhenu is not worshipped independently as a goddess, rather, she is honored by the veneration of cows in general throughout the observant Hindu population.
Hindu scriptures provide diverse accounts of the birth of Kamadhenu. While some narrate that she emerged from the churning of the cosmic ocean, others describe her as the daughter of the creator god Daksha, and as the wife of the sage Kashyapa. Still other scriptures narrate that Kamadhenu was in the possession of either Jamadagni or Vasistha (both ancient sages), and that kings who tried to steal her from the sage ultimately faced dire consequences for their actions.
- Kamadhenu (Sanskrit: कामधेनु [kaːməˈd̪ʱeːnʊ] Kāmadhenu), also known as Surabhi (सुरभि Surabhī).
- Kamadhenu is often addressed by the proper name Surabhi, which is also used as a synonym for an ordinary cow.
- The epithets "Kamadhenu", "Kamaduh" (कामदुह्) and "Kamaduha" (कामदुहा) literally mean the cow "from whom all that is desired is drawn"—"the cow of plenty"
- According to the Monier Williams Sanskrit–English Dictionary (1899), Surabhi means fragrant, charming, pleasing, as well as cow and earth.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kāma-dhenu.—(EI 16), name of a mahādāna. Note: kāma-dhenu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kāmadhēnu (कामधेनु).—f (S) A cow fabled to have the power of gratifying every wish of her owner. Hence applied to a cow that yields milk abundantly; to a patron courteous and obliging; to a servant of varied talents and skill; to a field or tree exceedingly productive; to a book treating on several subjects; to a garment or other article applicable to various uses; to any polychrest, panacea, or all-supplying or all-serving thing or person.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kāmadhēnu (कामधेनु).—f An all-supplying cow. A cow that yields milk abundantly.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—f. the cow of plenty, a heavenly cow yielding all desires; कलतिवलती कामधेनू (kalativalatī kāmadhenū); or कलिवली कामधेनू (kalivalī kāmadhenū) Vyākaraṇa Subhāṣita.
Derivable forms: kāmadhenuḥ (कामधेनुः).
Kāmadhenu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and dhenu (धेनु).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—f. cow that yields every wish, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 17, 134.
Kāmadhenu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and dhenu (धेनु).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु).—[feminine] the fabulous Wonder-cow.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] by Śambhu. Quoted in Smṛtyarthasāra Oxf. 286^a, by Vācaspatimiśra in Dvaitanirṇaya Oxf. 273^b, by Caṇḍeśvara L. 1842, by Vardhamāna L. 1910, by Raghunandana and Kamalākara.
2) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु):—[grammatical] abridged from Kāvyakāmadhenu.
3) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु):—jy. See Tithicūḍāmaṇikāmadhenu.
—Muhūrtacintāmaṇiṭīkā. Oudh. Xiv, 54.
4) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु):—kāvya, composed under the patronage of king Vijayapāla. Peters. 4, 25.
5) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु):—[dharma] in 4 stana, treating of dharma, artha, kāma, paramārtha, by Yatīśa, son of Ṭekacandra. Stein 84. 303. This ms. contains only the two first parts.
6) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु):—jy. Peters. 4, 33.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु):—[=kāma-dhenu] [from kāma] f. the mythical cow of Vasiṣṭha which satisfies all desires, cow of plenty (= surabhi), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Brahma-purāṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a goddess, [Brahma-purāṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of several works
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु):—(kāma + dhenu) f.
1) eine Kuh, die alle Wünsche melkt (vgl. u. kāmadughā fgg.) [Medinīkoṣa d. 24.] Vasiṣṭha’s [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 4, 1.] devadvijasaparyā hi kāmadhenurmatā satām [Kathāsaritsāgara 17, 134.] —
2) Titel eines Commentars von [VOPADEVA] zu seinem [KAVIKALPADRUMA] [Colebrooke II, 44. 45. 49.] Vollständiger: kāvyakāmadhenu [Westergaard’s Radices] in der Vorr. zum [DHĀTUP.] v. Wohl ein anderes Werk gemeint [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1218.] jurist. [No. 1403.] kāmadhenutantra n. Titel eines Werkes, aus welchem im [Śabdakalpadruma] am Anfange eines jeden Buchstabens Auszüge mitgetheilt werden. Es behandelt die mystische Bedeutung der einzelnen Laute.
--- OR ---
1) [Oxforder Handschriften 26,a,21.] —
2) jurist. [Oxforder Handschriften 273,b,39. 278,a,1. 291,b,1 v. u.] von Śaṃbhu verfasst [286,a, No. 670.] gaṇita [335,b, Nalopākhyāna 5.] tantra [103,b,37.] —
3) Nomen proprium einer Göttin [Oxforder Handschriften 19,a,35.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kamadhenuganita, Kamadhenuganitatika, Kamadhenujataka, Kamadhenukadamba, Kamadhenukadambatantra, Kamadhenumudra, Kamadhenuniti, Kamadhenupada, Kamadhenupaddhati, Kamadhenusarini, Kamadhenusudharasa, Kamadhenutantra.
Full-text (+36): Surabhi, Nandini, Havishmati, Kamadhenuganita, Kamadhenutantra, Svardhenu, Hiranyakamadhenu, Hiranyakamadhenudana, Hiranyakamadhenudanaprayoga, Kavyakamadhenu, Kamada, Prakritakamadhenu, Havirdhani, Svargadhenu, Ahalyakamadhenu, Vijayapala, Atanur, Shambhu, Shabala, Yatisha.
Search found 26 books and stories containing Kamadhenu, Kama-dhenu, Kāma-dhenu, Kāmadhenu, Kāmadhēnu; (plurals include: Kamadhenus, dhenus, Kāmadhenus, Kāmadhēnus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.174 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.1.124 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 49 - On the anecdote of Surabhi < [Book 9]
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 74 - Prince Bharata laments < [Book 2 - Ayodhya-kanda]
Chapter 52 - King Vishvamitra visits Shri Vasishtha’s hermitage < [Book 1 - Bala-kanda]
Chapter 9 - Hanuman searches the Harem < [Book 5 - Sundara-kanda]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)