Surabhidatta, Surabhidattā: 3 definitions



Surabhidatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Surabhidatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Surabhidattā (सुरभिदत्ता) is the name of a beautiful Apsaras according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 27. Accordingly, “Indra, for some cause or other, had a great feast in heaven. All the Apsarases assembled there to dance, except one beautiful Apsaras named Surabhidattā, who was not to be seen there. Then Indra, by his divine power of insight, perceived her associating in secret with a certain Vidyādhara in Nandana”.

Surabhidattā, due to Indra’s curse, incarnated as the Kaliṅgasenā, the daughter of king Kaliṅgadatta and queen Tārādattā: “In the meanwhile Tārādattā, the consort of that king in the city of Takṣaśilā, reached the period favourable for procreation. And Surabhidattā, the Apsaras who had been degraded from heaven by the curse of Indra, was conceived in her, giving beauty to her whole body”.

2) Surabhidattā (सुरभिदत्ता) is the daughter of king Surabhivatsa, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly as Haṭhaśarman said in the presence of Naravāhanadatta, Alaṅkāravatī and Aśokamālā: “... then a king of the Vidyādharas, named Surabhivatsa, came with his daughter to the palace of that King Pralambabhuja, and said to him: ‘I will give this daughter of mine, called Surabhidattā, to your son Sthūlabhuja; let the accomplished youth marry her now’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Surabhidattā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Surabhidatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surabhidattā (सुरभिदत्ता):—[=su-rabhi-dattā] [from su-rabhi] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Surabhidattā (सुरभिदत्ता):—f. Nomen proprium einer Apsaras [Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 60. 73. 34, 220.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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