Supratishtha, Supratiṣṭhā, Supratiṣṭha, Su-pratishtha: 11 definitions
Supratishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Supratiṣṭhā and Supratiṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Supratistha or Supratishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Supratiṣṭhā (सुप्रतिष्ठा) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing five syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.
Supratiṣṭhā is described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“when the two more (i.e. the 3rd and the 4th syllables) are short it (pratiṣṭhā) becomes supratiṣṭhā”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Supratiṣṭhā (सुप्रतिष्ठा) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Supratiṣṭhā (सुप्रतिष्ठा).—A female attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 29).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Supratiṣṭhā (सुप्रतिष्ठा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.28). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Supratiṣṭhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Supratiṣṭha (सुप्रतिष्ठ) is the father of Supārśva according to Digambara (according to Śvetāmbara he is named Pratiṣṭha), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Supārśva is the seventh of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.
The wife of Supratiṣṭha is Pṛthvī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) standing well.
2) very celebrated, renowned, glorious, famous. (-ṣṭhā) 1 good position.
2) good reputation, fame, celebrity.
3) establishment, erection.
4) installation, consecration.
Supratiṣṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and pratiṣṭha (प्रतिष्ठ).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Supratiṣṭhā (सुप्रतिष्ठा).—f., name of a lokadhātu: Gaṇḍavyūha 82.9.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣṭhā) 1. Consecration, erection, (as of a temple or idol.) 2. Fame. 3. A form of metre, a stanza of four lines, containing five syllables each. Adj. 1. Standing well. 2. Famous. E. su and prati intensitives, ṣṭhā to stay or be, aṅ and ṭāp affs.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Supratiṣṭhā (सुप्रतिष्ठा).—I. f. 1. erection (as of a temple), consecration. 2. fame. Ii. adj., f. ṭhā, famous, [Nala] 12, 66.
Supratiṣṭhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and pratiṣṭhā (प्रतिष्ठा).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Supratiṣṭha (सुप्रतिष्ठ).—[adjective] standing firmly or having handsome feet; [feminine] ā firm ground or position.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Supratiṣṭha (सुप्रतिष्ठ):—[=su-pratiṣṭha] [from su > su-pakva] mf(ā)n. standing firm, [Sāyaṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] firmly supporting, [Macdonell’s Dictionary, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] having beautiful legs, [Mahābhārata]
4) [v.s. ...] very celebrated, famous, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
5) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of military array, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of the 2nd month, [Indische Studien by A. Weber] a [particular] Samādhi, [Buddhist literature]
7) Supratiṣṭhā (सुप्रतिष्ठा):—[=su-pratiṣṭhā] [from su-pratiṣṭha > su > su-pakva] f. firm position, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad]
8) [v.s. ...] good reputation, fame, [Horace H. Wilson]
9) [v.s. ...] the establishment (of a temple, idol etc.), [ib.]
10) [v.s. ...] installation, consecration, [ib.]
11) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Nidāna-sūtra; Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā [Scholiast or Commentator]; Chandomañjarī]
12) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 6 books and stories containing Supratishtha, Supratiṣṭhā, Supratiṣṭha, Supratistha, Su-pratishtha, Su-pratiṣṭha, Su-pratistha, Su-pratiṣṭhā; (plurals include: Supratishthas, Supratiṣṭhās, Supratiṣṭhas, Supratisthas, pratishthas, pratiṣṭhas, pratisthas, pratiṣṭhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Previous birth of Vasudeva < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 1: Birth of Vasudeva (parents Andhakavṛṣṇi and Subhadrā) < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 3: Account of Nārada < [Chapter V - Birth of Rāma, Kṛṣṇa, and Ariṣṭanemi]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
II. Why the buddha thinks highly of his ten powers < [Part 3 - Appendices to the ten powers]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)