Surakta, Su-rakta: 10 definitions


Surakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Surakta (सुरक्त, “harmonious”) refers to one of the ten good qualities (guṇa) of a song (gīta), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.75-76, where they are commonly known as the gītaguṇa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra). Accordingly, “harmonious (surakta) means that the flute (veṇu), the stick-zither (vīṇā, also: lute) and the singer (gātṛ) are perfectly in tune with each other. Surakta implies that in the accompaniment there are no disharmonies with the sound produced by the singer.”

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Surakta (सुरक्त) refers to “beautiful red”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly:—“Kāmarūpa, beautifully red [i.e., surakta], the abode of many qualities, is in authority over the principle of the Point. (Present there is) Kāmāvvā, who is passion, and Siddhayogeśvarī, the mother of the fear of the fettered. Navātman is the reality. Uḍḍīśa is the Siddhanātha, adorned with all the qualities and very large, he is the Lord Navātman who removes the impurity of the Age of Strife. (This seat) is well known as the Mudrāpīṭha. Passionate, it is called Mahocchuṣma to which the three worlds bow, and the cave is called Candra. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Surakta (सुरक्त) refers to “red coloured (injuries)” (caused by snake-bites), as taught in the Damśarūpa (“aspects of snake-bites”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The author discusses conditions under which snakes bite, types of fangs and bites, vital spots of bite which can be fatal, stages of envenomation and astrological considerations for snake-bite effect. If the injury caused by the bite is (wet) soaked with saliva and is of red colour (surakta), there is a possibility of cure. The bite caused by a serpent in search of a dwelling place also can be cured.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Surakta in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Surakta (सुरक्त) refers to the “taming” (of Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “The Vājas are of five kinds. Their descriptions are given separately. [...] Kālaka is that class which is long and black like the Kaṅka or water-hen. It is very difficult to tame, and once tamed (surakta) it becomes wild again”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Surakta in India is the name of a plant defined with Pterocarpus santalinus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Lingoum santalinum (L.f.) Kuntze (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2006)
· Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia (1763)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Supplementum Plantarum Systematis Vegetabilium Editionis Decimae Tertiae (1782)
· Pharmaceutical Biology (2007)
· Publications of the Bureau of Science Government Laboratories (1904)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Surakta, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Surakta (सुरक्त).—a.

1) well coloured.

2) impassioned.

3) very lovely.

4) sweet-voiced; सुरक्तगोपी- जनगीतनिःस्वने (suraktagopī- janagītaniḥsvane) Kirātārjunīya 4.33.

Surakta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and rakta (रक्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surakta (सुरक्त).—mfn.

(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Deeply or well-coloured or dyed. 2. Deep red, crimson. 3. Strongly affected or impassioned. E. su well, rañj to dye, &c., aff. ktva .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Surakta (सुरक्त):—[=su-rakta] [from su > su-yaj] mf(ā)n. well coloured, deeply dyed, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] strongly affected or impassioned, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] deep red, crimson, [Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] very lovely or charming, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surakta (सुरक्त):—[su-rakta] (ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) a. Deeply dyed; crimson; impassioned.

[Sanskrit to German]

Surakta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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