Bhadra, Bhadrā, Bhādra: 34 definitions

Introduction

Bhadra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Bhadra (भद्र): One of the Pañca-puruṣa (‘five stereotypes of men’).—According to the Viṣṇudharmottara Purāṇa (III.36.3), a bhadra type is bushy on his cheeks, his gait is like that of an elephant and he is noble minded. He has rounded and heavy arms, and his hands and feet resemble a lotus. Similarly, the Bṛhat Saṃhitā (69.13) states that one who belongs to the bhadra typem influenced by Mercury, possesses developed, equal, round and long arms, a height equal to the length of his outstretched arms and temples densely covered with tender and fine hair. The Sārāvalī (37.14–18) adds that his face is like a tiger and he has vroad chest, long strong hands and a square body. He is sensuous, valorous, learned, endowed with prowess and is conversant with yoga. His body emanates a smell akin to earth and sandal paste. He knows the śāstras and is independent in all his undertakings.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Bhadrā (भद्रा, “prosperity, happiness”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ भद्रायै नमः
oṃ bhadrāyai namaḥ.

A similar mantra is mentioned by the same text, prefixed with ह्रीं (hrīṃ), to be worshipped at the goddess’s right.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Bhadra (भद्र) or Bhadratantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Bhadra-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Bhadra (भद्र):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bhadra (भद्र) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Vairāja, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Vairāja group contains twenty-four out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). The group represents temples (eg. Bhadra) that are to be square shaped. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Bhadra is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Bhadra (भद्र).—A type of aṅgavibhakti (‘indendations’ in a wall line);—Bhadra, as the term itself indicates, is provided for the sake of stability and protection of the structure. It is a rectangular offset projecting forward from the contour line of the structure prominently, in the central portion of the wall line. Generally, the shrine proper, at the center of its three open sides, contains these bhadras. If the bhadra is provided with another offset projection, that projection is called by the name subhadra. There is also one more aṅgavibhakti called by the name pratibhadra. Pratibhadra is again a rectangular offset projection, smaller in size than the bhadra. Pratibhadras are provided on the either sides of the bhadra.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Bhadra (भद्र) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—One of the four rivers originating from the “river of the sky”, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. This ‘river of the sky’ starts at the ‘ocean of the sky’ and, being agitated by the elephant of Indra, falls at the top of mount Meru, where at the bottom it forms into these four rivers. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.

Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bhadra (भद्र).—A king of Cedi who fought on the Pāṇḍava side. Karṇa killed him. (Karṇa Parva, Chapter 56, Verse 48).

2) Bhadra (भद्र).—One of the four elephants which, from Pātāla, support the world. (See Aṣṭadiggajas).

3) Bhadra (भद्र).—Son of Sraddhā, daughter born to Svāyambhuva Manu by his wife Śatarūpā. Sraddhā had the following sons: Śubha, Prasāda, Maitrīputra, Abhaya, Dayātmaja, Śāntija, Bhadra, Muda, Tuṣṭija Smaya, Puṣṭija and Yoga. (Bhāgavata, Caturtha Skandha)

4) Bhadra (भद्र).—A yakṣa, one of the ministers of Kubera. He had to be born as a lion on account of the curse of sage Gautama.

5) Bhadra (भद्र).—People of the kingdom of Bhadragaṇa are generally called Bhadras. It is stated in the Sabhā Parva that the Kṣatriya princes of Bhadragaṇa presented lots of money in connection with the Rājasūya yajña of Yudhiṣṭhira.

6) Bhadra (भद्र).—A maharṣi, son of Pramati, and father of Upamanyu.

7) Bhadra (भद्र).—A son born to Śrī Kṛṣṇa of Kālindī. (Bhāgavata, Daśama Skandha).

8) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—See Bhadrakālī.

9) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—The beautiful daughter of King Kakṣīvān. She was married to King Vyūṣitāśva of the Pūru dynasty. When Bhadrā, in unbearable grief lamented the death of her husband his soul appeared on the skies and blessed her. Accordingly she got pregnant by the corpse of her husband and delivered six sons. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 120, Verse 38).

10) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—One of the wives of Kubera. Kuntī once related the story of Bhadrā to Pāñcālī and exhorted her to live like Bhadrā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 198, Verse 6).

11) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—The word Bhadrā is used as another name of Subhadrā, sister of Śrī Kṛṣṇa in Verse 14, Chapter 218 of Ādi Parva.

12) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—Yet another Bhadrā, daughter of the King of Viśālā is mentioned in Chapter 45 of the Mahābhārata. She did penance for getting the kingdom of Karūṣa, when Śiśupāla, disguised as King Karūṣa appeared on the scene and carried her away.

13) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—There is reference to another Bhadrā, daughter of Soma in Chapter 154 of the Anuśāsana Parva. She once did intense penance to secure Utathya as her husband. Atri maharṣi, father of Soma, came to know of the desire of his granddaughter, and got her married to Utathya. Varuṇa once fell in love with Bhadrā, who was an exceptionally beautiful woman, and abducted and concealed her in the sea. When Utathya returned to the Āśrama, his wife was missing. He understood what had happened to Bhadrā by the light of his divine knowledge (television of mind). Burning with anger he drank up the sea completely dry, and Varuṇa shuddering with fear returned Bhadrā to Utathya and profusely apologised. Thus ended the problem.

14) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—Verse 24, Chapter 7 of the Mausala Parva, states that Bhadrā, one of the four wives of Vasudeva, father of Śrī Kṛṣṇa died by jumping into the funeral pyre of her husband.

15) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—A daughter of the King of Kāśī. The grandson of Sagara, a king of the Solar dynasty married Bhadrā, daughter of the King of Kāśī. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 96).

16) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—One Bhadrā, daughter of Meru was married by King Agnīdhra. She had eight sisters, viz. Meru Devī, Pratirūpā, Ugradamṣṭrī, Latā, Ramyā, Śyāmā, Nārī and Devavītī. (Bhāgavata, Pañcama Skandha).

17) Bhadra (भद्र).—See Vidūṣaka.

18) Bhadra (भद्र).—A kingdom in ancient India. The Kṣatriya princes of Bhadram gave costly presents to Dharmaputra at the Rājasūya Yāga (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 14). Karṇa, in the course of his digvijaya (conquest of countries) subjugated this kingdom. (Vana Parva, Chapter 254.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhadra (भद्र).—A son of Dakṣiṇā and a Tuṣita God.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 7-8.

1b) A son of Pauravī and Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 47.

1c) A son of Vasudeva and Devakī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 54.

1d) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Kālindī; and full of prowess; went with the Vṛṣṇis to Bāṇa's city, Śoṇitapura.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 14; 63. 3.

1e) A kingdom in Madhyadeśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 42.

1f) A northern kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 48; 18. 46.

1g) A Dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 6.

1h) An elephant; the vehicle of Bali.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 328.

1i) (also Supratīka) a Nāga and a vehicle of Varuṇa (Viṣṇu, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 330; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 212, 214.

1j) A son of Jāmbavatī and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 249; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 241.

1k) A son of Rukmiṇī and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 16.

1l) The Gods of Uttama epoch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 24.

1m) A son of Vasumitra and father of Pulinda: ruled for two years.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 17; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 152.

1n) A sacred lake in Meru.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 113. 46.

1o) A continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 85.

2a) Bhadrā (भद्रा).—A daughter of Meru (Ghṛtācī) and queen of Bhadrāśva; gave birth to Soma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 2. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 68. 70.

2b) A branch of the Gangā issuing out of the city of Brahmā and descending the Śṛngavan hills, traverses the continent of the Uttarakurus and falls into the north sea.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 17. 5 and 8: Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 34; 8. 113.

2c) alias Kauśalyā: one of Vasudeva's wives; mother of Keśin and three other sons.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 45, 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 160. 171; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 18, 24.

2d) A daughter of Śrutakīrti of Kekeya; married by Kṛṣṇa with the approval of her brothers Santardana and others;1 welcomed to Hastināpura by Draupadī; narrated to Draupadī how she was married to Kṛṣṇa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 58. 56; 61. 17.
  • 2) Ib. X. 71. 42; 83. 12.

2e) A wife of Udāradhī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 101.

2f) A daughter of Rohiṇī: gave birth to goats and sheep;1 brought forth the Gandharvas and Vājins known as Uccaiśrvas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 74-5.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 72-3.

2g) One of the ten wives of Atri.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 75.

2h) A Varṇa Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 13; 44. 59 and 90.

2i) A Goddess enshrined at Bhadreśvara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 31.

2j) The daughter of Anuhrāda, the daitya; married Rajatanābha, the Yakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 151.

2k) A wife of Garuḍa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 328.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhadrā (भद्रा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.221.13, I.221). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhadrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Bhadra (भद्र) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Bhadravaṭa, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Bhadra) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

2) Bhadra (भद्र) is one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Bhadra was one of the six princes not having the authority to teach.

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7 (shaivism)

Bhadrā (भद्रा) refers to one of the twenty-four names of the Lāmās, according to the 8th-centry Jayadratha-yāmala.—While describing the special practices of the Lāmās mentions the special language to be used with them. This language is described as monosyllabic (ekākṣara-samullāpa) and may thus be considered to have belonged to the Sino-Tibetan family as the Lamas themselves belonged to the Tibetan group of mystics. The Lāmās [viz., Bhadrā], according to this language, had 24 different names.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Bhadra (भद्र) or Bhadrāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vīrāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Bhadra Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Vīra-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhadrā (भद्रा, “gentle-woman”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Bhadrā is used in addressing accessible women (gamyā).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Bhadrā (भद्रा) is the name of a Vidyādharī who got married with Vidūṣaka by the gāndharva ceremony, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. Their story was told by Udayana (king of Vatsa) in order to demonstratrate to his ministers that a brave man by himself without any support obtains prosperity.

2) Bhadrā (भद्रा) and Śubha were both cursed by Kaṇva, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, as Bhadra and Śubha said to king Vikramāditya“... we two, King, are two sons of gods; this one’s name is Bhadra, and I am Śubha. As we were roaming about we observed the hermit Kaṇva engaged in meditation. We assumed in sport the forms of an elephant and a boar, and having done so, we terrified the great sage in our reckless folly, and he pronounced on us this curse: ‘Become in this forest an elephant and boar such as you are now; but when you shall be killed by King Vikramāditya, you shall be released from the curse’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhadrā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Bhadrā (भद्रा) or Bhadratithi is the name of the second of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Bhadrā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Vidhātṛ. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(13) The second tithi is said to be Bhadrā. It is good for craft and athletic contest, for starting medical treatment, and for the travelers traveling on a journey. (14) ...for betrothal, marriage, properties, fields and houses. It is excellent to perform nourishing acts. Bṛhaspati is the deity”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Bhadrā (भद्रा) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.37-39 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Bhadrā and Jīvantī, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Bhadrā (भद्रा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Aśvakṣurā, a medicinal plant identified with Clitoria ternatea (Asian pigeonwings, butterfly pea or bluebellvine) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.87-89.

3) Bhadrā (भद्रा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Nīlī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Indigofera tinctoria Linn. (“true indigo”), according to verse 4.80-83. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Bhadrā and Nīlī, there are a total of thirty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

4) Bhadrā (भद्रा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Balā, a medicinal plant identified with Sida cordifolia Linn. (“country mellow” or “flannel weed”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.88-91. Together with the names Bhadrā and Balā, there are a total of twenty-three Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhadrā (भद्रा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Aerva lanata (Linn.) Juss. ex Schultes” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhadrā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Bhadrā (भद्रा, “auspicious”):—In Vedic hinduism, she is the wife of Kubera, who was the Vedic God of wealth presiding over all earthly treasures.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Bhadra (भद्र): A mighty elephant

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The headman Bhadragaka visits the Buddha at Uruvelakappa and asks for a teaching about dukkha. The Buddha says he will talk neither of the future nor of the past, but only of the present. By means of questioning Bhadragaka, the Buddha makes him realize that sorrow and suffering come only through desire. For example, he would grieve if anything happened to his friends in Uruvelakappa, or to his son Ciravasi, or to his wife; but he would not worry about those who were unknown to him and therefore unloved by him (S.iv.327f).

The Commentary says (SA.iii.103) that in this sutta vattadukkha (? the sorrow of transmigration) is described.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bhadrā (भद्रा) refers to one of the twenty-four Ḍākinīs positioned at the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, between the north and west (of the heruka-maṇḍala) are six Ḍākinīs who are half green and half red in color. They [viz., Bhadrā] are headed by the major four Ḍākinīs of the Cakrasaṃvara tradition. They stand in the Pratyālīḍha posture and, except for the body posture, their physical features and objects that they hold are the same as Vajravārāhīs.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Bhadra (भद्र) is the name of the third Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources, while Digambara has Sudharma as the third Baladeva. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The mother of Bhadra is known by the name Suprabhā according to the Samavāyāṅga-sūtra, and their stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Bhadrā (भद्रा) is mentioned as the mother of Acala: the first Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources, but the second according to Digambara

The nine Baladevas (such as Bhadra) are also known as Balabhadra and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Baladeva is described as follows: their body is of a white complexion, they wear a blue-black robe, and the mark of the palm-tree (tāla) is seen on their banners.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Bhadra (भद्र) is an example of a Śaivite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Śaivism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Bhadra) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhadra.—(SII 2), probably, an auspicious mark. Note: bhadra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bhadrā.—(IA 26), same as ba-di 7. Note: bhadrā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bhādra.—(IE 8-1), same as Bhādrapada. Note: bhādra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhadra : (adj.) august; auspicious; lucky; good.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhadra (भद्र).—n (S) Prosperity, good fortune, weal or well-being. 2 A division (of the space in a temple &c.) defined by two pillars, an intercolumniation. 3 A hall of audience; a royal council-chamber &c.

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bhadra (भद्र).—a S Prosperous, fortunate, happy. 2 Auspicious, propitious, favorable, kindly: also benign or good more generally.

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bhadrā (भद्रा).—f (S) The seventh of the astronomical karaṇa. Used in pl. See under karaṇa. 2 A common term for the second, seventh, and twelfth days of the lunar fortnight.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhadra (भद्र).—n Prosperity. A hall of audience. a Prosperous; auspicious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhadra (भद्र).—a. [bhand-rak ni° nalopaḥ Uṇ.2.28]

1) Good, happy, prosperous.

2) Auspicious, blessed; as in भद्रमुख (bhadramukha).

3) Foremost, best, chief; पप्रच्छ भद्रं विजितारिभद्रः (papraccha bhadraṃ vijitāribhadraḥ) R.14. 31.

4) Favourable, propitious; भद्रं कर्णेभिः शृणुयाम देवा भद्रं पश्येमाक्षभिर्यजत्राः (bhadraṃ karṇebhiḥ śṛṇuyāma devā bhadraṃ paśyemākṣabhiryajatrāḥ) Ṛv.1.89.8.

5) Kind, gracious, excellent, friendly, good; often used in voc. sing. in the sense of 'my good sir', or 'my good friend', 'my good lady', 'my dear madam'.

6) Pleasant, enjoyable, lovely, beautiful; न तु कृच्छ्रादपि भद्रं निजकान्तं सा भजत्येव (na tu kṛcchrādapi bhadraṃ nijakāntaṃ sā bhajatyeva) Pt.1.181.

7) Laudable, desirable, praiseworthy.

8) Beloved, dear.

9) Specious, plausible, hypocritical.

1) Skilful, expert; भद्रोऽस्मि नृत्ये कुशलोऽस्मि गीते (bhadro'smi nṛtye kuśalo'smi gīte) Mb.4. 11.8.

-dram 1 Happiness, good fortune, welfare, blessing, prosperity; भद्रं भद्रं वितर भगवन् भूयसे मङ्गलाय (bhadraṃ bhadraṃ vitara bhagavan bhūyase maṅgalāya) Māl.1.3; 6.7; त्वयि वितरतु भद्रं भूयसे मङ्गलाय (tvayi vitaratu bhadraṃ bhūyase maṅgalāya) U.3.48; oft. used in pl. in this sense; सर्वो भद्राणि पश्यतु (sarvo bhadrāṇi paśyatu); भद्रं ते (bhadraṃ te) 'god bless you', 'prosperity to you'.

2) Gold.

3) A fragrant grass.

4) Iron, steel.

5) The seventh Karaṇa.

-draḥ- 1 A bullock.

2) A species of wag-tail.

3) A term applied to a particular kind of elephants.

4) An impostor, a hypocrite; Ms.9.258.

5) Name of Śiva.

6) An epithet of mount Meru.

7) The Devadāru tree.

8) A kind of Kadamba. (bhadrākṛ means 'to shave'; bhadrākaraṇam shaving).

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Bhadrā (भद्रा).—

1) A cow.

2) Name of the second, seventh, and twelfth days of a lunar fortnight.

3) The celestial Ganges.

4) Name of various plants such as अनन्ता, अपरि- जाता, कृष्णा, जीवन्ती, नीली, रास्ना (anantā, apari- jātā, kṛṣṇā, jīvantī, nīlī, rāsnā) etc.

5) Name of several goddesses and rivers.

6) Name of Subhadrā, sister of Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; पार्थश्चैकोऽहरद्भद्राम् (pārthaścaiko'haradbhadrām) Mb.8.31.2; 1.121.21.

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Bhādra (भाद्र).—[bhadrābhiryuktā paurṇamāsī bhādrī sā yasmin māse aṇ] Name of a lunar month (corresponding to AugustSeptember); भाद्रद्वये सागरे (bhādradvaye sāgare) Jyotiṣam.

-dāḥ (f. pl.) Name of the 25th and 26th lunar mansions (pūrvābhādrapadā and uttarābhādrapadā).

Derivable forms: bhādraḥ (भाद्रः).

See also (synonyms): bhādrapada.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhadra (भद्र).—(1) short for Samantabhadra (2), q.v.: Bhadra-vidusya Bhadracarī 43; (2) name of a Bodhisattva, seem- ingly different from Samantabhadra, who is mentioned in the same sentence: Kāraṇḍavvūha 93.19; (3) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 25; (4) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.11

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Bhadrā (भद्रा).—(1) name of a female lay-disciple: Gaṇḍavyūha 51.16; (2) name of a girl attendant on Subhadrā (1): Gaṇḍavyūha 52.1; (3) name of a yakṣiṇī: Sādhanamālā 562.4; (4) name of a lokadhātu: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 269.12 (prose); (5) name of a courtesan: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.213.13 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhadra (भद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drā-draṃ) 1. Happy, prosperous, lucky, propitious. 2. Best, excellent. 3. Pure, pious, virtuous. n. Subst.

(-draṃ) 1. Prosperity, fortune, happiness. (Adv.) Happy, well, right. n.

(-draṃ) 1. A fragant grass, (Cyperus.) 2. Gold. 3. Iron or steel. nf. (-draṃ-drī) One of the astrological periods called Karanas, the seventh; also called Vishti, regarded as an unlucky period. m.

(-draḥ) 1. A name of Siva 2. A wagtail. 3. A bull. 4. A heap, a multitude. 5. A description of elephant, one of four classes into which they are divided. 6. Mount Meru. 7. One of the nine persons termed Suklabalas by the Jainas. 8. A title of reverential address. 9. A hypocrite. f.

(-drā) 1. The Ganges of heaven. 2. The ichneumon plant: see rāmnā 3. Indigo. 4. Asclepias pseudosarsa. 5. A shrub, (Pœderia fœtida.) 6. A medicinal plant, commonly Kayap'hal. 7. A name of the second, seventh, and twelfth days of the lunar fortnight. 8. A female Sakti or deity of the Jainas. 9. One of the four divisions of the Ganges, according to the Puranas, that which flows to the northern Kuru. 10. A tree, (Gmelina arborea.) 11. A cow. 12. Turmeric. 13. Dear. 14. Hypocritical. 15. Head, chief. 16. A term of respect used in addressing ladies. E. bhadi to happy, Unadi aff. ran and the nasal rejected.

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Bhādra (भाद्र).—m.

(-draḥ) The name of a month, (August-September,) when the moon is full near the wing of Pegasus. E. bhadra for bhadrapadā and aṇ aff: see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhadra (भद्र):—[from bhand] mf(ā)n. blessed, auspicious, fortunate, prosperous, happy, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] good, gracious, friendly, kind, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] excellent, fair, beautiful, lovely, pleasant, dear, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] good id est. skilful in ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata iv, 305]

5) [v.s. ...] great, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] (with nṛpati m. a good or gracious king, [Yājñavalkya]; with kānta m. a beautiful lover or husband, [Pañcatantra]; with diś f. the auspicious quarter id est. the south, [Mahābhārata]; with vāc f. kind or friendly speech, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; [vocative case] m. and f. sg. and [plural] bhadra, dre, drāḥ, often in familiar address = my good sir or lady, my dear or my dears, good people, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.)

7) [from bhand] m. ([probably]) a sanctimonious hypocrite, [Manu-smṛti ix, 259] ([varia lectio] dra-prekṣaṇikaiḥ)

8) [v.s. ...] a [particular] kind of elephant, [Rāmāyaṇa] (also Name of a world elephant, [ib.]) a bullock, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a water wagtail, [Varāha-mihira] (cf. -nāman)

10) [v.s. ...] Nauclea Cadamba or Tithymalus Antiquorum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] of mount Meru, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] of a class of gods ([plural]) under the third Manu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] of a people ([plural]), [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

15) [v.s. ...] of one of the 12 sons of Viṣṇu and one of the Tuṣita deities in the Svāyambhava Manv-antara, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) of the third of the 9 white Balas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vasu-deva and Devakī (or Pauravī), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

18) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] of a son of Upacārumat, [Buddhist literature]

20) [v.s. ...] of an actor, [Harivaṃśa]

21) [v.s. ...] of a friend of Bāṇa, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

22) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) Name of a [particular] world

23) Bhadrā (भद्रा):—[from bhadra > bhand] a f. a cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (= anantā, aparijātā, kṛṣṇā, jīvantī, nīlī, rāsnā etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] Name of a metre, [Colebrooke]

26) [v.s. ...] of the 2nd, 7th and 12th days of the lunar fortnight, [Horace H. Wilson]

27) [v.s. ...] of the 7th movable Karaṇa (sub voce; cf. also 2. bhadrā-karaṇa)

28) [v.s. ...] of a form of Durgā, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

29) [v.s. ...] of a goddess, [Pañcarātra]

30) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist deity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) [v.s. ...] of a Śakti, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

32) [v.s. ...] of Dākṣāyaṇī in Bhadreśvara, [Catalogue(s)]

33) [v.s. ...] of a Vidyā-dharī, [Rāmāyaṇa]

34) [v.s. ...] of a Surāṅganā, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

35) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Surabhi, [Rāmāyaṇa]

36) [v.s. ...] of a wife of Vasu-devi, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

37) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Vaiśravaṇa, [Mahābhārata]

38) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Soma and wife of Utathya, [ib.]

39) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Raudrāśva and the Apsaras Ghṛtācī, [Harivaṃśa]

40) [v.s. ...] of a Kākṣīvatī and wife of Vyuṣitāśva, [Mahābhārata]

41) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Meru and wife of Bhadrāśva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

42) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Śruta-kīrti and wife of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

43) [v.s. ...] of various rivers ([especially] of one described as rising on the northern summit of Meru and flowing through Uttarakuru into the northern ocean), [Purāṇa]

44) [v.s. ...] the celestial Ganges, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

45) [v.s. ...] of a lake, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

46) Bhadra (भद्र):—[from bhand] n. prosperity, happiness, health, welfare, good fortune (also [plural]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (bhadraṃ tasya or tasmai, prosperity to him! [Pāṇini 2-3, 73]; bhadraṃ te or vaḥ often used parenthetically in a sentence = ‘if you please’, or to fill up a verse; bhadram upalāh, happiness to you, O stones! [Śāntiśataka]; bhadram with √kṛ and [dative case], to grant welfare to, bless, [Ṛg-veda])

47) [v.s. ...] gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

48) [v.s. ...] iron or steel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

49) [v.s. ...] kind of Cyperus (= -musta), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

50) [v.s. ...] a [particular] posture in sitting, [Catalogue(s)]

51) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] Karaṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. f.)

52) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] mystic sign, [Agni-purāṇa]

53) [v.s. ...] a [particular] part of a house, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

54) [v.s. ...] Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

55) Bhadrā (भद्रा):—[from bhand] 1. bhadrā f. of bhadra, in [compound]

56) [from bhand] 2. bhadrā ind. ([gana] sākṣād-ādi), in [compound]

57) Bhādra (भाद्र):—m. ([from] bhadra, of which it is also the Vṛddhi form in [compound]) the month Bhādra (= -pada below), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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