Bhadrabahu, Bhadrabāhu: 12 definitions


Bhadrabahu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhadrabahu in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु).—A king of Pūruvaṃśa. (Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु).—A son of Śaṭha, of the Rohiṇī family,*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 170; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 168; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 22.

1b) A son of Jāmbavatī and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 250.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Bhadrabahu in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु) is the name of an ancient king from Magadha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 69. Accordingly, as minister Vimalabuddhi said to Mṛgāṅkadatta: “... there was a king in Magadha named Bhadrabāhu. He had a minister named Mantragupta, most sagacious of men”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhadrabāhu, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bhadrabahu in Jainism glossary
Source: Jain eLibrary: 7th International Summer School for Jain Studies

Bhadrabāhu, was the disciple and successor of the fourth Śrutakevali Govardhana. He went to South India with a large Jaina Sangha during the famous famine of twelve years which was due to happen in Magadha. He was the knower of the 14 Pūrvas.

Source: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana

Bhadrabahu was the son of a Brahmana named Somasharma who was in the court of King Padmaratha or Padmadhara of Devakotta city in Paundravardhana (North Bengal) region. The fourth Shrutakevalin Govardhana met Bhadrabahu when he was playing with his friends. He became Bhadrabahu’s teacher later. Thus, Bhadrabahu received “diksha” of Jainism from Govardhana and became the fifth Shrutakevalin.

Source: University of Cambridge: Jainism

Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु) refers to one of the 70 teachers mentioned in the Kharataragacchapaṭṭāvalī: a Sanskrit text listing the heads or pontiffs (sūri) of the Kharataragaccha, one of the most important Śvetāmbara monastic orders. The Kharatara-gaccha is especially rooted in Rajasthan. The text includes a narration of events in their lives (i.e., of Bhadrabāhu), and can thus be called a Kharataragacchapaṭṭāvalī

Source: Tessitori Collection I

1) Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु) or Bhadrabāhukathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Bhadrabāhu-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

2) Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु) or Bhadrabāhusvāmī is the name of a teacher belonging to the añcala-gaccha, according to the Añcalagaccha-paṭṭāvalī (dealing with Jain lineages history).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Piotr Balcerowicz: Royal Patronage of Jainism

Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु) is the name of one of the sixteen Jain Ācāryas (teachers) mentioned in the inscription of Pārśvanātha Bastī (which was engraved in 522 Śaka era, i.e. Vikram 657 years and 1127 V.N.).—Accordingly, “[...] when a calamity in Ujjayinī lasting for a twelve-year period was foretold by Bhadrabāhu-svāmin, who comes from an impeccable old race which is a lineage of great men coming in succession within the lineage of teachers [viz., Bhadrabāhu], and who possesses the knowledge of the truth of the Great Omens (mahānimitta) in eight parts (canonical books, aṅga), who sees the three times (past, present and future), after he had seen it with the help of the omens, the whole congregation [of Jaina monks] set out from the northern region towards the southern region. Gradually, they [viz., Bhadrabāhu] reached a locality of several hundred villages, full of happy people, riches, gold, grain, herds of cows, buffaloes, goats and sheep. [...]”.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhadrabahu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—the renowned Jaina author: Jātakāmbhonidhi. Bhadrabāhusaṃhitā jy. Report. Xlii. Ba. 20. Np. V, 202. Sb. 266. Quoted in Praśnārṇava Oxf. 334^a.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhadrabāhu (भद्रबाहु):—[=bhadra-bāhu] [from bhadra > bhand] m. Name of a [particular] four-footed animal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘auspicious-armed’, Name of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohiṇī (Pauravī), [Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a king of Magadha, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] (also -svāmin) Name of a celebrated Jaina author (one of the 6 Śruta-kevalins; -caritra n. -śāstra n. -saṃhitā f. Name of works.)

5) [v.s. ...] f. Name of a woman, [Pāṇini 4-1, 67 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhadrabahu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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