Bhalla: 19 definitions


Bhalla means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Bhalla (भल्ल) refers to a weapon (a kind of arrow or missile). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhalla (भल्ल) refers to “spears”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.7 (“Commencement of the War”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Wounded and killed by great weapons, hundreds and thousands of heroic soldiers fell on the ground. The arms of some were cut off by terrible blows from swords. Others lost their thighs in the battle of those honourable, heroic people. The entire body of some was smashed by the maces; the chests and hearts of some were pounded by iron clubs; some were felled to the ground by spears (bhalla) and dragged with nooses. [...]”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhalla (भल्ल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.170.17, VIII.44.42) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhalla) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Bhalla (भल्ल) (lit. “one who is auspicious, favourable”) is a synonym (another name) for the Bhallūka, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhallā (भल्ला) refers to a country belonging to “Aiśānī (north-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī represent the north-eastern consisting of [i.e., Bhallā] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bhalla (भल्ल) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Bhallī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Bhalla] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhalla (भल्ल).—n S The head of a spear, pike, arrow &c.

--- OR ---

bhallā (भल्ला).—interj Well! ah well! 2 Used as a and for bhalā q. v. esp. in Sig. III.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhallā (भल्ला).—interj Well! ah well!

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhalla (भल्ल).—a. Auspicious, favourable.

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Bhalla (भल्ल).—[bhall-ac] A kind of crescentshaped missile or arrow; क्षुरार्धचन्द्रोत्तमकर्णभल्लैः शरांश्च चिच्छेद (kṣurārdhacandrottamakarṇabhallaiḥ śarāṃśca ciccheda) Rām.6.59.99; क्वचिदाकर्णविकृष्टभल्लवर्षी (kvacidākarṇavikṛṣṭabhallavarṣī) R.9.66;4.63;7. 58.

2) A particular part of an arrow; विष्णुं सोमं हुताशं च तस्येषुं समकल्पयन् । शृङ्गमग्निर्बभूवास्य भल्लः सोमो विशांपते (viṣṇuṃ somaṃ hutāśaṃ ca tasyeṣuṃ samakalpayan | śṛṅgamagnirbabhūvāsya bhallaḥ somo viśāṃpate) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8. 34.18.

-llaḥ 1 A bear.

2) An epithet of Śiva.

3) The marking-nut-plant (bhallī also).

Derivable forms: bhallaḥ (भल्लः), bhallam (भल्लम्).

See also (synonyms): bhallī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhalla (भल्ल).—m.

(-llaḥ) 1. A bear. 2. An epithet of Siva. mn.

(-llaḥ-llaṃ) A kind of arrow. f. (-llī) 1. An arrow, with a crescent-shaped head. 2. The marking-nut plant; also bhallātakī. E. bhall to hurt or kill, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhalla (भल्ल).—I. m. A bear. Ii. m. and n. A kind of arrow, Chr. 29, 27. Iii. f. li. 1. An arrow with a crescentshaped head. 2. The marking nut plant, Semicarpus Anacardiam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhalla (भल्ल).—[masculine] a kind of arrow (also [feminine] ī); bear.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhalla (भल्ल):—[from bhall] mfn. auspicious, favourable (= bhadra or śiva), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a bear, [Hitopadeśa] (cf. accha-bhalla, bhalluka, bhallūka)

3) [v.s. ...] a term used in addressing the Sun (only [dative case]; cf. 2. bhala), [Mantra-brāhmaṇa; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

4) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a people, [Pāṇini 5-3, 114. [Scholiast or Commentator]] ([varia lectio] malla)

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva (cf. above)

6) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of arrow or missile with a point of a [particular] shape, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (also f(ī). and n.)

7) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] part of an arrow, [Mahābhārata]

8) [from bhall] n. an arrow-head of a [particular] shape, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

9) Bhālla (भाल्ल):—mfn. ([from] bhalla) [gana] saṃkalādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhalla (भल्ल):—(ṅa) bhallate 1. d. To tell, to describe; to hurt, to kill; to give.

2) (llaḥ) 1. m. A bear. m. n. An arrow. f. (llī) Idem; Semicarpus.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhalla (भल्ल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhalla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhalla in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bhalla (भल्ल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhalla.

2) Bhalla (भल्ल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhadra.

2) Bhalla has the following synonyms: Bhallaya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhalla (ಭಲ್ಲ):—

1) [noun] = ಭಲ್ಲೆ [bhalle].

2) [noun] an arrow having crescent shaped blade at the front end.

3) [noun] = ಭಲ್ಲೂಕ [bhalluka].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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