Bhadrika, aka: Bhadrikā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhadrika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Bhadrika in Chandas glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

1) Bhadrikā (भद्रिका) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Bhadrikā corresponds to Aparavaktra (according to Barata) as well as Uttarāntikā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Bhadrikā (भद्रिका) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Bhadrikā) in 20 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Bhadrika in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

1) Bhadrika (भद्रिक) is one of the two sons of Śuklodana, son of Siṃhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “King Śuklodana had two sons: 1) Po t’i (Bhadrika), 2) Y’i cha (Tiṣya)”.

2) Bhadrika (भद्रिक) is the name of the “assistant” (upasthāyaka) of Buddha Krakasunda (or Krakucchanda), according to the Mahāvadānasūtra, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLI. Each Buddha had his assistant (upasthāyaka), a monk specially attached to his person, entrusted with fanning him, carrying his robe and bowl for alms-round, introducing visitors. The Sanskrit Mahāvadānasūtra has drawn up a list of the assistants who served the last seven Buddhas: Aśoka for Vipaśyin, Kṣemakāra for Śikhin, Upaśanta for Viśvabhuj, Bhadrika for Krakasunda (or Krakucchanda), Svastika for Kanakamuni, Sarvamitra for Kāśyapa, and finally Ānanda for Śākyamuni.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Bhadrika (भद्रिक) or Bhadrikapura refers to the birth-place of Śītalanātha: the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Śītalanātha was born of a Kṣatriya family of Malaya Kingdom. His birth-place is named Bhadrikapura or Bhadillapura (Madrapura according to one version). His parent’s names were king Dṛḍharatha and Queen Sunandā respectively. His chowri-bearer was called Rājā Sīmandhara.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Bhadrikā (भद्रिका) is the name of a city visited by Mahāvīra during his sixth year of spiritual-exertion.—The Lord arrived at Bhadrikā city on leaving ‘Śāliśīrṣa’. There he spent the sixth rainy season observing four months of fast and meditation. At the end of the rainy season, the Lord broke his fast outside the city and left for Magadha.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhadrika in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhadrikā (भद्रिका).—

1) An amulet.

2) = भद्रा (bhadrā) (2) above.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhadrika (भद्रिक).—(1) adj. (= Sanskrit bhadra-ka, Pali bhaddaka), felicitous: °keṇa śākyarājena (refers to Śuddhodana, hence not n. pr. (proper name)) LV 122.1 (prose, no v.l.; possibly, however, read bhadrakeṇa?); (2) (= Pali Bhaddiya) n. of one of the five bhadravargīya monks, q.v. (also Bhadraka, Bhadrajit, qq.v.): Mv iii.337.5; 339.1; LV 1.8; SP 1.10; Divy 268.6; (3) (app. not the same as 2, but also = Pali Bhaddiya, 2 in DPPN; BHS also Bhaṭṭika, q.v.), n. of a Śākyan youth, usually associated with Aniruddha or Mahānāman (2) or both; became a disciple of Buddha: LV 229.12; Mvy 3606; Av ii.112.4; 113.6 ff.; as one of 8 mahāśrāvaka, q.v., Mmk 64.11; see also Lavaṇa- bhadrika, probably not the same; (4) n. of a pratyekabuddha: Mv iii.414.4; (5) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 66 (living at Bha- drikā); (6) (= Pali Bhaddika, or Bhaddiya), n. of a city: °ke nagare Karmav 68.8 (acc. to Lévi's note, a Chin. version points to Bhadrikā, q.v., but I do not see how it gives any clue to the quantity of the a-vowel); the same city is called Bhadraṃkara Divy 123.16; 125.10 ff.; MSV i.241.1; ii.32.8; the country containing it is given the same name, Bhadraṃkareṣu janapadeṣu Divy 125.16 ff.; compare also Bhadrapura.

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Bhadrikā (भद्रिका).—(compare prec., 6; the same?), n. of a city or locality, where the yakṣa Bhadrika (5) lived: Māy 66 (°kāyāṃ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhadrikā (भद्रिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. An amulet. 2. Name of the second, seventh and twenty days of a lunar fortnight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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