Bhadrika, Bhadrikā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Bhadrika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Bhadrikā (भद्रिका) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Bhadrikā corresponds to Aparavaktra (according to Barata) as well as Uttarāntikā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Bhadrikā (भद्रिका) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Bhadrikā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhadrikā (भद्रिका) is another name for “Bhadrā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhadrikā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Bhadrika (भद्रिक) is one of the two sons of Śuklodana, son of Siṃhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “King Śuklodana had two sons: 1) Po t’i (Bhadrika), 2) Y’i cha (Tiṣya)”.

2) Bhadrika (भद्रिक) is the name of the “assistant” (upasthāyaka) of Buddha Krakasunda (or Krakucchanda), according to the Mahāvadānasūtra, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLI. Each Buddha had his assistant (upasthāyaka), a monk specially attached to his person, entrusted with fanning him, carrying his robe and bowl for alms-round, introducing visitors. The Sanskrit Mahāvadānasūtra has drawn up a list of the assistants who served the last seven Buddhas: Aśoka for Vipaśyin, Kṣemakāra for Śikhin, Upaśanta for Viśvabhuj, Bhadrika for Krakasunda (or Krakucchanda), Svastika for Kanakamuni, Sarvamitra for Kāśyapa, and finally Ānanda for Śākyamuni.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Bhadrika (भद्रिक) or Bhadrikapura refers to the birth-place of Śītalanātha: the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Śītalanātha was born of a Kṣatriya family of Malaya Kingdom. His birth-place is named Bhadrikapura or Bhadillapura (Madrapura according to one version). His parent’s names were king Dṛḍharatha and Queen Sunandā respectively. His chowri-bearer was called Rājā Sīmandhara.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Bhadrikā (भद्रिका) is the name of a city visited by Mahāvīra during his sixth year of spiritual-exertion.—The Lord arrived at Bhadrikā city on leaving ‘Śāliśīrṣa’. There he spent the sixth rainy season observing four months of fast and meditation. At the end of the rainy season, the Lord broke his fast outside the city and left for Magadha.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhadrikā (भद्रिका).—

1) An amulet.

2) = भद्रा (bhadrā) (2) above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhadrika (भद्रिक).—(1) adj. (= Sanskrit bhadra-ka, Pali bhaddaka), felicitous: °keṇa śākyarājena (refers to Śuddhodana, hence not n. pr. (proper name)) Lalitavistara 122.1 (prose, no v.l.; possibly, however, read bhadrakeṇa?); (2) (= Pali Bhaddiya) name of one of the five bhadravargīya monks, q.v. (also Bhadraka, Bhadrajit, qq.v.): Mahāvastu iii.337.5; 339.1; Lalitavistara 1.8; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 1.10; Divyāvadāna 268.6; (3) (app. not the same as 2, but also = Pali Bhaddiya, 2 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names); [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] also Bhaṭṭika, q.v.), name of a Śākyan youth, usually associated with Aniruddha or Mahānāman (2) or both; became a disciple of Buddha: Lalitavistara 229.12; Mahāvyutpatti 3606; Avadāna-śataka ii.112.4; 113.6 ff.; as one of 8 mahāśrāvaka, q.v., (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 64.11; see also Lavaṇa- bhadrika, probably not the same; (4) name of a pratyekabuddha: Mahāvastu iii.414.4; (5) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 66 (living at Bha- drikā); (6) (= Pali Bhaddika, or Bhaddiya), name of a city: °ke nagare Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 68.8 (according to Lévi's note, a Chin. version points to Bhadrikā, q.v., but I do not see how it gives any clue to the quantity of the a-vowel); the same city is called Bhadraṃkara Divyāvadāna 123.16; 125.10 ff.; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.241.1; ii.32.8; the country containing it is given the same name, Bhadraṃkareṣu janapadeṣu Divyāvadāna 125.16 ff.; compare also Bhadrapura.

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Bhadrikā (भद्रिका).—(compare prec., 6; the same?), name of a city or locality, where the yakṣa Bhadrika (5) lived: Mahā-Māyūrī 66 (°kāyāṃ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhadrikā (भद्रिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. An amulet. 2. Name of the second, seventh and twenty days of a lunar fortnight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhadrikā (भद्रिका):—[from bhadraka > bhand] f. an amulet, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] Myrica Sapida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of 2 metres, [Colebrooke]

4) Bhadrika (भद्रिक):—[from bhand] m. Name of a prince of the Śākyas, [Buddhist literature] ([varia lectio] bhadraka).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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