Bha, aka: Bhā; 8 Definition(s)


Bha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Bha (भ).—The letter or sound भ् (bh) with the vowel अ (a) added for facility of utterance;

2) Bha.—A technical term in the Grammar of Panini given to a noun base before such case and taddhita affixes as begin with any vowel or with the consonant य् (y). The utility of this designation of भ (bha) to the base is (l) to prevent the substitutes which are enjoined for the final vowel or consonant of a pada (a word ending with a case-affix or a base before case and tad. affixes beginning with any consonant excepting य् (y)) just as the substitution of Visarga, anusvara, the first or third consonant, and others given in P. VIII. 4.37 and the following. For the various changes and operations for a base termed भ (bha) see P. VI. 4.129 to 175.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Bha (भ).—1. Asterism. 2. Sign. Note: Bha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

bhā : (f.) the light; splendour.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bhā, (f.) (cp. Vedic bhā & bhāḥ nt. ) light, splendour; given as name of a jewel at an extremely doubtful passage J. V, 317, 318, where T. reads “vara taṃ bhaññam icchasi, " & C. expls. : “bhā ti ratanass’etaṃ nāmaṃ. " The v. l. for bhaññaṃ is bhuñjaṃ; the passage may be corrupt from “varatu bhavaṃ yam icchasi. " (Page 501)

— or —

Bha, (indecl.) the letter or sound (syllable) bh; figuring in Bdhgh’s exegesis of the N. Bhagavā as representing bhava, whereas ga stands for gamana, va for vanta KhA 109.—Like ba° we often find bha° mixed up with pa°; — see e.g. bhaṇḍa bhaṇḍati; bh represents b. in bhasta=Sk. basta, bhisa=Sk. bisa, bhusa=Sk. buśa.—bha-kāra the sound (or ending) °bha, which at Vin. IV, 7 is given as implying contempt or abuse, among other low terms (hīnā akkosā). This refers also to the sound (ending) °ya (see ya-kāra). The expln for this probably is that °bha is abstracted from words ending thus, where the word itself meant something inferior or contemptible, and this shade of meaning was regarded as inhering in the ending, not in the root of the word, as e.g. in ibbha (menial). (Page 495)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

bha (भ).—The twenty-fourth consonant. It is the aspirate of ba, and is here represented by Bh.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bha (भ).—The twenty-fourth consonant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bha (भ).—1 Name of the planet Venus.

2) Error, delusion, mere semblance.

3) An epithet of Śukra.

4) N. given to the base of nouns before the vowel terminations beginning with accusative plural; cf. अङ्ग (aṅga) and पद (pada).

5) A bee.

-bham 1 A star; ननु भान्यमूनि (nanu bhānyamūni) Rām. Ch.6.33; भगणो भाति यद्भयात् (bhagaṇo bhāti yadbhayāt) Bhāg.3.29.4.

2) A lunar mansion or asterism.

3) A planet.

4) A sign of the zodiac.

5) The number twenty-seven.

Derivable forms: bhaḥ (भः).

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Bhā (भा).—2 P. (bhāti, bhāta; caus. bhāpayati-te; desid. bibhāsati)

1) To shine, be bright or splendid, be luminous; पङ्कैर्विना सरो भाति सदः खलजनैर्विना । कटुवर्णैर्विना काव्यं मानसं विषयैर्विना (paṅkairvinā saro bhāti sadaḥ khalajanairvinā | kaṭuvarṇairvinā kāvyaṃ mānasaṃ viṣayairvinā) Bv.1.116; समतीत्य भाति जगती जगती (samatītya bhāti jagatī jagatī) Ki.5.2; R.3.18; भाति श्रीरमणावतारदशकं बाले भवत्याः स्तने (bhāti śrīramaṇāvatāradaśakaṃ bāle bhavatyāḥ stane) Udb.

2) To seem, appear; बुभुक्षितं न प्रति भाति किंचित् (bubhukṣitaṃ na prati bhāti kiṃcit) Mbh.

3) To be, exist.

4) To be pleased.

5) To show oneself.

6) To blow; [the following verse gives different meanings of the verb;

-babhau मरुत्वान् विकृतः स-मुद्रो (marutvān vikṛtaḥ sa-mudro) (to shine) [babhau] मरुत्वान् विकृतः स-मुद्रः (marutvān vikṛtaḥ sa-mudraḥ) | (to be pleased)

-babhau मरुत्वान् विकृतः समुद्रो (marutvān vikṛtaḥ samudro) (to be) [babhau] मरुत्वान् विकृतः स मुद्रः (marutvān vikṛtaḥ sa mudraḥ) || (to blow). Bk.1.19].

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Bhā (भा).—[bhā-aṅ ṭāp]

1) Light, splendour, lustre, beauty; तत्र ताराधिपस्याभा ताराणां भा तथैव च । तयोराभरणाभा च ज्वलिता द्यामभासयत् (tatra tārādhipasyābhā tārāṇāṃ bhā tathaiva ca | tayorābharaṇābhā ca jvalitā dyāmabhāsayat) || Rām.6.75.51; तावद् भा भारवेर्भाति यावन्माघस्य नोदयः (tāvad bhā bhāraverbhāti yāvanmāghasya nodayaḥ) Udb.

2) A shadow, reflection.

3) Likeness, resemblance.

4) The shadow of a gnomon.

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Bhā (भा).—1 Ā. (bhāmate) To be angry; (also 1 P. according to L. D. B.).

Derivable forms: bhām (भाम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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