Bha, Bhā: 15 definitions



Bha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Bha (भ).—The letter or sound भ् (bh) with the vowel अ (a) added for facility of utterance;

2) Bha.—A technical term in the Grammar of Panini given to a noun base before such case and taddhita affixes as begin with any vowel or with the consonant य् (y). The utility of this designation of भ (bha) to the base is (l) to prevent the substitutes which are enjoined for the final vowel or consonant of a pada (a word ending with a case-affix or a base before case and tad. affixes beginning with any consonant excepting य् (y)) just as the substitution of Visarga, anusvara, the first or third consonant, and others given in P. VIII. 4.37 and the following. For the various changes and operations for a base termed भ (bha) see P. VI. 4.129 to 175.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bha (भ).—1. Asterism. 2. Sign. Note: Bha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Bha (भ) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘bhakṣaṇa’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., bha) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘twentyseven’. Note: bha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bha.—(Bhaº) (PJS), abbreviation of Bhagavān (especially in medieval Jain inscriptions). Note: bha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bhā.—(bhāº) (PJS), abbreviation of bhāryā (especially in medieval Jain inscriptions). Note: bhā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhā : (f.) the light; splendour.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhā, (f.) (cp. Vedic bhā & bhāḥ nt. ) light, splendour; given as name of a jewel at an extremely doubtful passage J. V, 317, 318, where T. reads “vara taṃ bhaññam icchasi,” & C. explains. : “bhā ti ratanass’etaṃ nāmaṃ.” The v. l. for bhaññaṃ is bhuñjaṃ; the passage may be corrupt from “varatu bhavaṃ yam icchasi.” (Page 501)

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Bha, (indecl.) the letter or sound (syllable) bh; figuring in Bdhgh’s exegesis of the N. Bhagavā as representing bhava, whereas ga stands for gamana, va for vanta KhA 109.—Like ba° we often find bha° mixed up with pa°; — see e.g. bhaṇḍa bhaṇḍati; bh represents b. in bhasta=Sk. basta, bhisa=Sk. bisa, bhusa=Sk. buśa.—bha-kāra the sound (or ending) °bha, which at Vin. IV, 7 is given as implying contempt or abuse, among other low terms (hīnā akkosā). This refers also to the sound (ending) °ya (see ya-kāra). The explanation for this probably is that °bha is abstracted from words ending thus, where the word itself meant something inferior or contemptible, and this shade of meaning was regarded as inhering in the ending, not in the root of the word, as e.g. in ibbha (menial). (Page 495)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bha (भ).—The twenty-fourth consonant. It is the aspirate of ba, and is here represented by Bh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bha (भ).—The twenty-fourth consonant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bha (भ).—1 Name of the planet Venus.

2) Error, delusion, mere semblance.

3) An epithet of Śukra.

4) N. given to the base of nouns before the vowel terminations beginning with accusative plural; cf. अङ्ग (aṅga) and पद (pada).

5) A bee.

-bham 1 A star; ननु भान्यमूनि (nanu bhānyamūni) Rām. Ch.6.33; भगणो भाति यद्भयात् (bhagaṇo bhāti yadbhayāt) Bhāg.3.29.4.

2) A lunar mansion or asterism.

3) A planet.

4) A sign of the zodiac.

5) The number twenty-seven.

Derivable forms: bhaḥ (भः).

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Bhā (भा).—2 P. (bhāti, bhāta; caus. bhāpayati-te; desid. bibhāsati)

1) To shine, be bright or splendid, be luminous; पङ्कैर्विना सरो भाति सदः खलजनैर्विना । कटुवर्णैर्विना काव्यं मानसं विषयैर्विना (paṅkairvinā saro bhāti sadaḥ khalajanairvinā | kaṭuvarṇairvinā kāvyaṃ mānasaṃ viṣayairvinā) Bv.1.116; समतीत्य भाति जगती जगती (samatītya bhāti jagatī jagatī) Ki.5.2; R.3.18; भाति श्रीरमणावतारदशकं बाले भवत्याः स्तने (bhāti śrīramaṇāvatāradaśakaṃ bāle bhavatyāḥ stane) Udb.

2) To seem, appear; बुभुक्षितं न प्रति भाति किंचित् (bubhukṣitaṃ na prati bhāti kiṃcit) Mahābhārata

3) To be, exist.

4) To be pleased.

5) To show oneself.

6) To blow; [the following verse gives different meanings of the verb;

-babhau मरुत्वान् विकृतः स-मुद्रो (marutvān vikṛtaḥ sa-mudro) (to shine) [babhau] मरुत्वान् विकृतः स-मुद्रः (marutvān vikṛtaḥ sa-mudraḥ) | (to be pleased)

-babhau मरुत्वान् विकृतः समुद्रो (marutvān vikṛtaḥ samudro) (to be) [babhau] मरुत्वान् विकृतः स मुद्रः (marutvān vikṛtaḥ sa mudraḥ) || (to blow). Bk.1.19].

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Bhā (भा).—[bhā-aṅ ṭāp]

1) Light, splendour, lustre, beauty; तत्र ताराधिपस्याभा ताराणां भा तथैव च । तयोराभरणाभा च ज्वलिता द्यामभासयत् (tatra tārādhipasyābhā tārāṇāṃ bhā tathaiva ca | tayorābharaṇābhā ca jvalitā dyāmabhāsayat) || Rām.6.75.51; तावद् भा भारवेर्भाति यावन्माघस्य नोदयः (tāvad bhā bhāraverbhāti yāvanmāghasya nodayaḥ) Udb.

2) A shadow, reflection.

3) Likeness, resemblance.

4) The shadow of a gnomon.

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Bhā (भा).—1 Ā. (bhāmate) To be angry; (also 1 P. according to L. D. B.).

Derivable forms: bhām (भाम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bha (भ).—The twenty-fourth consonant of the Nagari alphabet and aspirate of the last letter, or Bh.

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Bha (भ).—n.

(-bhaṃ) 1. A star. 2. An asterism. 3. A planet. 4. The number twenty-seven. m.

(-bhaḥ) 1. A name of Sukra, regent of the planet Venus. 2. A bee. 2. Error, delusion. f.

(-bhā) 1. Light, lustre, splendour. 2. A ray of light. f. (-mī) Fear. E. bhā to shine, or bhī to fear, aff. ḍa .

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Bhā (भा).—r. 2nd cl. (-bhāti) 1. To shine, to be luminous, splendid or beautiful. 2. To be pleased. 3. To be angry. 4. To below. 5. To be, to exist. With āṅ To flash. With pra or vi To shine brightly.

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Bhā (भा).—f. (bhā) 1. Light. 2. Beauty. 3. The shadow of a gnomon. m.

(-bhāḥ) The sun. E. bhā to shine, affs. aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bha (भ).— (vb. bhā), I. n. 1. A star, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 17, 14. 2. A lunar asterism. 3. A planet. Ii. m. A name of the planet Venus. Iii. f. bhā, see s. v.

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Bhā (भा).—ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To shine, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 20. 2. To appear, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 94. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. bhāta, Bright. n. Morning.

— With the prep. abhi abhi, To shine from every part, [Ghaṭakarpara, (ed. Cale.)] 10.

— With ava ava, To shine, Mahābhārata 3, 10094.

— With ā ā, 1. To shine forth, Chr. 288, 9 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 9. 2. To illuminate, Chr. 289, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 50, 4. 3. To shine, [Rāmāyaṇa] i. 15, 19. 4. To appear, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 142; Mahābhārata 3, 13701.

— With ud ud, To shine forth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 7.

— With nis nis, 1. To shine forth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 44. 2. To proceed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 10.

— With pra pra, 1. To begin to shine, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 45, 5. 2. To shine forth, Mahābhārata 3, 10054. prabhāta, Begun to become clear, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 6, 10. n. Daybreak, morning, [Pañcatantra] 246, 16; loc. te, tomorrow, 119, 1. Comp. Tatprº, i. e. tad-, loc. the following morning, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 12, 1. Su-, adj. enlightened.

— With saṃpra sam-pra, To appear, Mahābhārata 3, 10055.

— With prati prati, 1. To shine, [Ghaṭakarpara, (ed. Cale.)] 15. 2. To appear, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 23; Chr. 41, 23. 3. To please, [Pañcatantra] 78, 12; 151, 1; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 43, 17 (with acc.)

— With saṃprati sam-prati, To appear, Mahābhārata 1, 8095.

— With vi vi, 1. To shine, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 44; Chr. 294, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 6. 2. To appear, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 75, 2. vibhāta, Become manifest, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 217, 5. n. Daybreak.

— Cf. probably, (for from the [Causal.] bhāpaya), (for (for ) - etc.; [Latin] focus, februus (from the Causal).

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Bhā (भा).—I. f. 1. Light. 2. Splendour. Ii. m. The sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bha (भ).—[neuter] star, asterism, lunar mansion.

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Bhā (भा).—1. bhāti [participle] bhāta be bright, shine, be splendid or beautiful, please ([accusative] [with] prati or pratibhāti [with] [accusative]); show one’s self, appear; look or be like ([nominative] ±iva or [adverb] in vat), pass for ([nominative]).

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Bhā (भा).—2. [feminine] light, brightness, splendour, adj. —° resembling, like.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bha (भ):—1. bha aspirate of ba.

2) 2. bha (in gram.) Name of the weakest base of nouns (as opp. to pada and aṅga q.v.) id est. of the base before the vowel terminations except in strong cases, before feminine suffixes, and before Taddhitas beginning with vowels or y, [Pāṇini 1-4, 18 etc.]

3) 3. bha (in prosody) a dactyl.

4) 4. bha m. (√1. bhā) Name of the planet Venus or its regent, (= śukra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) semblance, delusion, error, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Bhā (भा):—[from bha] a f. (ā) light or a beam of l°, lustre, splendour, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira] etc. (cf. 2. bhā)

7) [v.s. ...] the shadow of a gnomon, [Sūryasiddhānta]

8) [v.s. ...] appearance, resemblance, likeness (ifc.; cf. agni-bha, guḍa-bhā, tantubha)

9) Bha (भ):—n. a star, planet, asterism, lunar a° or mansion (and so also the number 27; cf. nakṣatra), sign of the zodiac, [Gṛhya-sūtra; Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya etc.]

10) 5. bha m. ([probably] onomatopoetic) a bee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Bhā (भा):—1. bhā [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 43]) bhāti ([present participle] bhāt f. bhāntī or bhātī, [Vopadeva]; [Potential] bhāyāt, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]; [plural] babhau, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.; [Aorist] abhāsīt [grammar] [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]; [future] bhāsyati, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.),

—to shine, be bright or luminous, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to shine forth, appear, show one’s self, [ib.];

—to be splendid or beautiful or eminent, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (with na, to cut a poor figure, [Kathāsaritsāgara]);

—to appear as, seem, look like, pass for ([nominative case] with or without iva [adverb] in vat), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to be, exist, [Horace H. Wilson];

—to show, exhibit, manifest, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] ([varia lectio]) :—[Passive voice] bhāyate, [impersonal or used impersonally] radiance is put forth by ([instrumental case]), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :—[Causal] bhāpayate;—[Aorist] abībhapat [grammar]:—[Desiderative] bibhāsati, [ib.] :—[Intensive] bābhāyate, bābheti, bābhāti, [ib.]

12) cf.bhan, bhāṣ, bhās; [Greek] φημί, φάσκω; [Latin] fāri etc.; [German] Bann; [English] ban.

13) 2. bhā f. ([nominative case] [probably] bhās) light, brightness, splendour etc. (cf. f. of 4. bha), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

14) m. the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. 2. bhās).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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