Bhadrasana, aka: Bhadra-asana, Bhadrāsana; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhadrasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

In the Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) the legs are crossed as in the kūrmāsana, and the right and the left big toes are caught hold of by the right and the left hands respectively.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to Ganapati Sthapati in his text Ciṟpa Cennūl, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—In the bhadrāsana, the heels of the legs, which cross each other, are placed under the testes and the hands hold the two big toes of the feet.

Rao describes four types of āsanas or pīṭhas, viz., bhadrapīṭha (bhadrāsana), kūrmāsana, pretāsana and siṃhāsana. The height of the first is divided into 16 parts, of which one forms the thickness of the upana or the basal layer; four, of the jagati or the next higher layer; three, of the kumuda; one, of the pattika; three, of the kantha; one, of the second pattika; two, of the broader mahāpattika; and one, of the ghṛtavari, the top-most layer. The bhadrāsana of an image does not seem to have been such an elaborate āsana or pītā.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Bhadrasana in Yoga glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, according to the Haṭharatnāvalī 3.7-20. It is said that Ādinātha (Śiva) hand-picked 84 yoga postures from 84,00,000 living beings and taught them for the purpose of introducing physical health and well-being to the human body. The compound bhadrāsana translates to bhadra (good fortune) and āsana (posture).

The 17th-century Haṭharatnāvalī is a Sanskrit reference book dealing with these āsanas (eg., bhadrāsana) which form a major constituent of the haṭhayoga practice. It was written by Śrīnivāsa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) refers to an āsana (posture) taught by Śiva. It is one of the first four out of 84 total, thus one of the most essential, according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.55-60.—Accordingly, “Place the heels on either side of the seam of the Perineum, keeping the left heel on the left side and the right one on the right side, hold the feet firmly joined to one another with both the hands. This bhadrāsana is the destroyer of all the diseases”.

Also, “The expert Yogīs call this gorakṣāsana. By sitting with this āsana, the Yogī gets rid of fatigue. The nādis should be cleansed of their impurities by performing the mudrās, etc., (which are the practices relating to the air) āsanas, Kumbhakas and various curious mudrās.”

The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., bhadra-āsana).

Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika

Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) is a type of standing posture (āsana), according to verse 77 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Place the left ankle on the right side of the perineum and the righton the left side of the perineum. Hold the sides of the feet firmly with the two hands. This is bhadrāsana, the fortunate āsana”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., bhadra-āsana) and several additional ones.

(Also see) Haṭhapradīpikā I.53-54 and Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.9-10.

Source: archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace

Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Carefully placing the ankles in the reverse manner under the scrotum; crossing the hands behind the back holding the big toes and adopting the Jālandhara (bandha), one should gaze at the tip of the nose This is Bhadrāsana which destroys all diseases”.

Bhadrāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning bhadra-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

Source: archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

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Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.13-14ab.—“He should place both ankles very firmly on either side of the perineum; he should hold the two heels of [his] feet steady with both hands below the scrotum. [Thus is] taught the auspicious posture (bhadrāsana); it is highly honoured by Yogins”.

Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन, “throne”).—One of the eight providential symbols, or, aṣṭamaṅgala.—Bhadrāsana is offered for the worshipful feet of Jineśvara.

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

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bhadrāsana (भद्रासन).—n S (Happy or fortunate seat.) A throne. 2 A posture of devotees.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhadrāsaṇa (भद्रासण).—n A throne. A posture of devotees.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhadrasana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन).—

1) a chair of state, splendid seat, a throne.

2) a particular posture in meditation.

Derivable forms: bhadrāsanam (भद्रासनम्).

Bhadrāsana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhadra and āsana (आसन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Vajrasana
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