Bera: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Bera means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ber.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Bera (बेर) refers to “idols”, as discussed in the twelfth chapter of the Aniruddhasaṃhitā, an ancient Pāñcarātra Āgama text dealing with the annual festivals of temples and regular temple worship routines.—Description of the chapter [bera-lakṣaṇa]: Images of Vāsudeva, Keśava, et. al., are to be shown seated, or lying down, or riding on their vehicles [yāna] (1-2). The proportional measurements of these types are given (3-4). Definitions of six types of measurements are given (5-7); as are also directions for showing the idol in full, in bust only, or in a two-dimensional way (8-9a). The materials with which idols are to be made are precious gems, stone, wood, metal or clay (9b). Eight technical names for idols are listed and defined, the differences stemming from where these idols are to be found (10-13), and what their respective measurements and uses are (14-19a). [...]

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

bera–Sanskrit term meaning 'image' and used in hindu iconology (e.g. the Āgamas).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Bera (बेर) is a Sanskrit word translating to “image”. It is used throughout texts and practice of Hindu iconology.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Bera (बेर) refers to religious images that are created with various features and characteristics comparable to the human form.—The image, which is consecrated installed firmly within the garbhagṛha of the temple as the presiding deity and is considered as immoveable image is called dhruva-bera or the mūla-bera or the mūla-vigraha or the sthāvara or the mūlavar.

In a temple, the images worshipped are called:

  1. dhruvabera,
  2. kautukabera,
  3. utsavabera,
  4. snāpanabera,
  5. balibera.

A temple where all the five above-mentioned images are worshipped is termed uttama (superior); a temple with only dhruva-bera, kautuka-bera, and bali-bera is termed madhyama (medium); and a temple with dhruva and kautuka-bera alone is termed adhama (inferior).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Bera in India is the name of a plant defined with Solanum melongena in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Solanum insanum L. (among others).

2) Bera is also identified with Ziziphus jujuba It has the synonym Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam., nom. illeg., non Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (etc.).

3) Bera is also identified with Ziziphus mauritiana It has the synonym Paliurus mairei H. Lév. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1984)
· Journal of the Indian Botanical Society (1998)
· Linnean Society of London (1837)
· Cytologia (1991)
· Acta Botanica Sinica (1985)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bera, for example health benefits, extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bēra (बेर).—m A kind of grass.

--- OR ---

bēra (बेर).—f R (Commonly bēraṇī) Crossploughing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bera (बेर) [Also spelled ber]:—(nm) plum, jujube; prune; (nf) see [bāra].

2) Berā (बेरा):—(nm) a bearer.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bēra (ಬೇರ):—

1) [noun] a feeling or condition of hostility; hatred; ill will; animosity; antagonism; hatred.

2) [noun] a man as related to another whom he utterly hates and intends or attempts to injure him or her; an enemy.

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Bēra (ಬೇರ):—[noun] = ಬೇಪಾರ [bepara].

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Bēra (ಬೇರ):—

1) [noun] the physical structure of an animal; the body.

2) [noun] the figure of a person or animal carved in stone, wood, etc.; an icon or statue.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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