Vishvabhu, Viśvabhū: 6 definitions

Introduction

Vishvabhu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viśvabhū can be transliterated into English as Visvabhu or Vishvabhu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Viśvabhū (विश्वभू) refers to one of the seven mortal Buddhas (mānuṣī) whose names appear last in the list of thirty-two Buddhas in Mahāyāna Buddhism.—The last seven Tathāgatas are well-known, and are designated by the Mahāyānist as Mānuṣī or “Mortal Buddhas”. When represented, the last seven Mortal Buddhas appear all alike; they are of one colour and one form, usually sitting cross-legged,with the right hand disposed in the Bhūmisparśa-mudrā (earth-touching attitute), which is the mudrā peculiar to Akṣobhya. [...] In paintings, the Mortal Buddhas [viz., Śikhī] have usually a yellow or golden complexion. [...] Sometimes they are represented as standing, in which case the appear under a distinguishing Bodhi Tree and with a distinguishing mudrā.

Viśvabhū is associated with the (Mortal) Buddhaśakti named Viśvadharā, and together they bring into existence the (Mortal) Bodhisattva named Ākāśagañja.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvabhu in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Viśvabhū (विश्वभू) or “victorious over all” is the name of a Buddha according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “One thing that is difficult to find is a Buddha Bhagavat. It takes innumerable koṭi of kalpas to find one. In 91 kalpas, there have been only three Buddhas. Before the good kalpa (bhadrakalpa), during the 91st kalpa, there was a Buddha called Vipaśyin, “views of all kinds”; during the 31st kalpa, there were two Buddhas; the first was called Śikhin, “fire”, and the second Viśvabhū, “victorious over all”. During the good kalpa, there were four Buddhas, Krakucchanda, Kanakamuni “golden sage”, Kaśyapa and Śākyamuni. Except for these kalpas, all the others were empty (śūnya), lacking Buddhas and miserable”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvabhu in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Viśvabhū (विश्वभू) refers to the third of the “seven Buddhas” (saptatathāgata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 6). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., saptatathāgata and Viśvabhū). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vishvabhu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viśvabhū (विश्वभू).—also, more rarely, °bhuj (= Pali Vessa-bhū), name of a former Buddha, regularly third of the ‘seven Tathāgata’ (q.v. for refs.), immediate predecessor of Krakucchanda; Tibetan on Lalitavistara 5.15 (°bhuvā, instr.) thams cad (all) skyobs (help, which hardly renders either -bhū or -bhuj): Mahāvastu i.294.19; iii.240.7 f.; 243.15; 244.6; 246.8 (°bhuvasya, gen., mss.); 247.10; 249.5; Kāraṇḍavvūha 24.14; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 426.9 (prose; °bhuvā, instr.); Gaṇḍavyūha 206.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viśvabhū (विश्वभू).—m.

(-bhūḥ) The third of the seven Bud'dhas, according to some systems. E. viśva all, and bhū being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśvabhū (विश्वभू):—[=viśva-bhū] [from viśva] m. Name of a Buddha, [Dharmasaṃgraha 6.]

2) Viśvābhū (विश्वाभू):—[=viśvā-bhū] [from viśvā > viśva] mfn. being in everything or everywhere, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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