Vishvaksena, Viṣvaksenā, Visvaksena, Viṣvaksena, Vishvac-sena, Vishvakshena: 15 definitions
Vishvaksena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Viṣvaksenā and Viṣvaksena can be transliterated into English as Visvaksena or Vishvaksena, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—Son of Brahmadatta (son of King Nīpa and his wife Kṛtvī) and his wife Sarasvatī. He had a son called Udaksena. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.25-26)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—An ancient hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Chapter 7, that he shines in the palace of Indra.
2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—A synonym of Viṣṇu.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—Is Viṣṇu;1 a son of Brahmadatta and Go; author of yogatantra under the guidance of Jaigīṣavya; the concrete form of the pāñcarātra and other tantras. Father of Udaksvana;2 worship of;3 Brahmadatta anointed him king and left for yoga practice.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 2. 8; III. 13. 3.
- 2) Ib. IX. 21. 25-26;
- 3) Ib. XI. 27. 29; XII. 11. 20. Matsya-purāṇa 21. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 46.
1b) Forms one of the retinue of the Lord on the Lokāloka mountain.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 40.
1c) Born of Viṣūcī; to be friendly to Śambhu, the Indra of the Tenth Manu; attacked Asura followers of Bali.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 23; 21. 16.
1d) An attribute of Hari, Vāsudeva, Madhusūdana and Janārdana.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 50 and 245; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 48, 236; 106. 50; Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 8. 29.
1e) The future Manu, and the last (14th) in number.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 36.
1f) A son of Yugadatta; was born again as Vibhrāja on account of his good deeds.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 58.
1g) A son of Gaveṣṭhi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 77.
1h) A son of Yogasūnu.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 180.
1i) A name of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 20.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) or Viṣvaksenamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 56-59.—Accordingly, “the three (fingers) of the left hand. viz. the little finger and others are to be placed on the palm (of the same hand). The index finger among them is to be raised on their back away from the thumb. Then a fist is to be formed, as before, with the right hand with three fingers and placed by the side of the nasal bone, the index fingers is to be folded and placed at the tip of the thumb. The right arm shall be raised as if to throw the discus. This is viṣvaksenamudrā which would severe the bondage of the universe”.
Mūdra (eg., Viṣvaksena-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
The chief of the attendants of the Lord is Viśvaksena (The-all-conqueror). He is said to represent the Āgamas which are the scriptures which deal with the ceremonial worship of the lord and all matters pertaining to temples, festivals, icons etc. The True Scriptures consist of the Vedas (Nigamas) and the Tantras (Āgamas ). Whereas Garuḍa represents the elitist Vedas, Viśvaksena is the populist TantrasSource: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) or Viṣvaksenasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (e.g., Viṣvaksena-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Viṣvaksenā (विष्वक्सेना ) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—Viṣvaksena sculptures are represented as seated on a pedestal in vīrāsana. The Sculpture is four handed of which the upper right hand holds cakra, the upper left hand-śaṅkha, lower left hand-varada and lower right hand is in the abhaya. It has a tall elongated kirīṭa. Viṣvaksena, according to the texts, should be in the tarjanimudra and he should hold a sword as he is the senāpati.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—(viṣvaksenaḥ or [viṣvakṣeṇaḥ]) an epithet of Viṣṇu; साम्यमाप कमलासखविष्वक्सेनसेवितयुगान्तपयोधेः (sāmyamāpa kamalāsakhaviṣvaksenasevitayugāntapayodheḥ) Śi.1.55; विष्वक्सेनः स्वतनुमविशत्सर्वलोकप्रतिष्ठाम् (viṣvaksenaḥ svatanumaviśatsarvalokapratiṣṭhām) R.15.13. °प्रिया (priyā) Name of Lakṣmī.
Derivable forms: viṣvaksenaḥ (विष्वक्सेनः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ) Vishnu. f.
(-nā) A plant, commonly Priyangu. E. viṣvak every where, senā an army.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Viṣvakṣeṇa (विष्वक्षेण).—and vi- ṣvaksena viṣvaksena, i. e. viṣvañc -sena (see senā), m. Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 13, 24 (s).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Viśvaksena (विश्वक्सेन):—[=viśvak-sena] [from viśva] [wrong reading] for viṣvak-s.
2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—[=viṣvak-sena] [from viṣvak > viṣu] m. (sometimes written viśvak-s) ‘whose hosts or powers go everywhere’, Name of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa (or of a [particular] form of that deity to whom the fragments of a sacrifice are offered), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1168]
4) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Viṣṇu, [Purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa]
6) [v.s. ...] of the 14th (or 13th) Manu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
7) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi, [Mahābhārata]
8) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Rāmāyaṇa]
9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Brahma-datta, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]
10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śambara, [Harivaṃśa]
11) Viṣvaksenā (विष्वक्सेना):—[=viṣvak-senā] [from viṣvak-sena > viṣvak > viṣu] f. a kind of plant (= priyaṅgu or phalinī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Viśvaksena (विश्वक्सेन):—[viśva-ksena] (naḥ) 1. m. Vishnu. f. A plant, Priyangu.
2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—[viṣva-ksena] (naḥ) 1. m. Vishnu. f. A plant, Priyangu.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Viśvaksena (विश्वक्सेन):—s. viṣvaksena .
--- OR ---
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—(viṣvañc + senā)
1) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 99, Scholiast 4, 1, 114], Vārtt. a) ein N. Viṣṇu’s oder Kṛṣṇa’s [Amarakoṣa.1,1,1,14.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 214.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha.4,190.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 209.] [Halāyudha.1,21.] [Mahābhārata.6,2944.] [Harivaṃśa 1639. 14114.] [Rāmāyaṇa.6,102,14.] [Raghuvaṃśa 15,103.] [Śiśupālavadha 10,55.] [Oxforder Handschriften 250,b,28. 30. fg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,2,8.3,13,3. 46. 19,4.4,9,43. 20,17. 22,62.6,8,27.8,13,24. 11,27,43.] [PAÑCAR.3,9,3.4,3,41.] viṣvaksenārjunau (verstellt) gaṇa rājadantādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 31.] neben hari unter den Namen Śiva’s [Mahābhārata 13, 1168.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge Viṣṇu’s [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad S. 288.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 20, 40. 8, 21, 16.] [PAÑCAR. 3, 11, 23.] nirmālyadhārī viṣṇostu viṣvaksenaścaturbhujaḥ [Kalikāpurāṇa 82 im Śabdakalpadruma] ein Sādhya [Harivaṃśa 13182. 13474. fgg.] n. des 14ten (13ten nach [Śabdakalpadruma]) Manu [Viṣṇupurāṇa 268,] [Nalopākhyāna 8.] ein alter Ṛṣi [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 377.] [Mahābhārata 2, 300.] ein Fürst [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 116, 31.] ein Sohn Brahmadatta's [Harivaṃśa 1066. 1273.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 453.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 25.] Śambara’s [Harivaṃśa 9251.] —
2) f. ā eine best. Pflanze, = priyaṅgu, phalinī [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 36.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 122.] — Häufig fehlerhaft viśva geschrieben. Vgl. vaiṣvaksenya .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+12): Vishvaksenapriya, Vaishvaksenya, Vishvaksenasamhita, Vishvaksenakanta, Bhallata, Udakshena, Dandasena, Vaibhraja, Yogatantra, Sucaru, Brahmadatta, Udaksvana, Vishuci, Vishvakasena, Sangramajit, Vishvansena, Pancala, Shrivatsa, Padma, Jaigishavya.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Vishvaksena, Vishva-ksena, Vishvac-sena, Vishvak-sena, Vishvakshena, Viśva-ksena, Visva-ksena, Viṣva-ksena, Viṣvac-sena, Visvac-sena, Viśvak-sena, Visvak-sena, Viṣvak-sena, Viṣvak-senā, Viṣvaksenā, Visvaksena, Viṣvaksena, Viṣvakṣeṇa, Viśvaksena; (plurals include: Vishvaksenas, ksenas, senas, Vishvakshenas, senās, Viṣvaksenās, Visvaksenas, Viṣvaksenas, Viṣvakṣeṇas, Viśvaksenas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.4.73 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 2.3.104-106 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: Marriage with Jāmbavatī < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 11: Origin of Dhūmaketu’s enmity < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 4: War between Kṛṣṇa and Jarāsandha < [Chapter VII - Marriages of Śāmba and Pradyumna]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XXVIII - The mode of worshipping the Gopala Manifestation of Vishnu < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXXVI - Visvedeva Puja < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 10 - Glorification of the Gift of Umbrellas: The Story of Hemakānta < [Section 7 - Vaiśākhamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 8 - The Marriage of Śrīnivāsa and Padmāvatī < [Section 1 - Veṅkaṭācala-māhātmya]
Chapter 37 - The Arrival of Śaṅkha, Agastya and Others at Śrī Veṅkaṭācala < [Section 1 - Veṅkaṭācala-māhātmya]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The Chronology of the Āḻvārs < [Chapter XVII - The Āḻvārs]
Part 5 - Philosophy of the Ahirbudhnya-saṃhitā < [Chapter XVI - The Pañcarātra]
Part 3 - The Pañcarātra Literature < [Chapter XVI - The Pañcarātra]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)