Vishvaksena, aka: Viṣvaksenā, Visvaksena, Viṣvaksena, Vishvac-sena; 9 Definition(s)
Vishvaksena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Viṣvaksenā and Viṣvaksena can be transliterated into English as Visvaksena or Vishvaksena, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—Son of Brahmadatta (son of King Nīpa and his wife Kṛtvī) and his wife Sarasvatī. He had a son called Udaksena. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.25-26)(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—An ancient hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Chapter 7, that he shines in the palace of Indra.
2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—A synonym of Viṣṇu.(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—Is Viṣṇu;1 a son of Brahmadatta and Go; author of yogatantra under the guidance of Jaigīṣavya; the concrete form of the pāñcarātra and other tantras. Father of Udaksvana;2 worship of;3 Brahmadatta anointed him king and left for yoga practice.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 2. 8; III. 13. 3.
- 2) Ib. IX. 21. 25-26;
- 3) Ib. XI. 27. 29; XII. 11. 20. Matsya-purāṇa 21. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 46.
1b) Forms one of the retinue of the Lord on the Lokāloka mountain.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 40.
1c) Born of Viṣūcī; to be friendly to Śambhu, the Indra of the Tenth Manu; attacked Asura followers of Bali.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 23; 21. 16.
1d) An attribute of Hari, Vāsudeva, Madhusūdana and Janārdana.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 50 and 245; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 48, 236; 106. 50; Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 8. 29.
1e) The future Manu, and the last (14th) in number.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 36.
1f) A son of Yugadatta; was born again as Vibhrāja on account of his good deeds.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 58.
1g) A son of Gaveṣṭhi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 77.
1h) A son of Yogasūnu.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 180.
1i) A name of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 20.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) or Viṣvaksenamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 56-59.—Accordingly, “the three (fingers) of the left hand. viz. the little finger and others are to be placed on the palm (of the same hand). The index finger among them is to be raised on their back away from the thumb. Then a fist is to be formed, as before, with the right hand with three fingers and placed by the side of the nasal bone, the index fingers is to be folded and placed at the tip of the thumb. The right arm shall be raised as if to throw the discus. This is viṣvaksenamudrā which would severe the bondage of the universe”.
Mūdra (eg., Viṣvaksena-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.(Source): archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
The chief of the attendants of the Lord is Viśvaksena (The-all-conqueror). He is said to represent the Āgamas which are the scriptures which deal with the ceremonial worship of the lord and all matters pertaining to temples, festivals, icons etc. The True Scriptures consist of the Vedas (Nigamas) and the Tantras (Āgamas ). Whereas Garuḍa represents the elitist Vedas, Viśvaksena is the populist Tantras(Source): SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) or Viṣvaksenasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (eg., Viṣvaksena-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Viṣvaksenā (विष्वक्सेना ) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—Viṣvaksena sculptures are represented as seated on a pedestal in vīrāsana. The Sculpture is four handed of which the upper right hand holds cakra, the upper left hand-śaṅkha, lower left hand-varada and lower right hand is in the abhaya. It has a tall elongated kirīṭa. Viṣvaksena, according to the texts, should be in the tarjanimudra and he should hold a sword as he is the senāpati.(Source): Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Languages of India and abroad
Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—(viṣvaksenaḥ or [viṣvakṣeṇaḥ]) an epithet of Viṣṇu; साम्यमाप कमलासखविष्वक्सेनसेवितयुगान्तपयोधेः (sāmyamāpa kamalāsakhaviṣvaksenasevitayugāntapayodheḥ) Śi.1.55; विष्वक्सेनः स्वतनुमविशत्सर्वलोकप्रतिष्ठाम् (viṣvaksenaḥ svatanumaviśatsarvalokapratiṣṭhām) R.15.13. °प्रिया (priyā) Name of Lakṣmī.
Derivable forms: viṣvaksenaḥ (विष्वक्सेनः).
Viṣvaksena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viṣvac and sena (सेन). See also (synonyms): viṣvaṅsena.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 14 books and stories containing Vishvaksena, Viṣvaksenā, Visvaksena, Viṣvaksena or Vishvac-sena. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.73 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 1.3.75 < [Chapter 3 - Prapancatita: Beyond the Material World]
Verse 2.3.106 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 21 - The Dynasty of Bharata < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 27 - Lord Krishna’s Instructions on the Process of Deity Worship < [Canto XI - General History]
Chapter 13 - Description of Future Manus < [Canto VIII - Withdrawal of the Cosmic Creations]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: Marriage with Jāmbavatī < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 11: Origin of Dhūmaketu’s enmity < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 4: War between Kṛṣṇa and Jarāsandha < [Chapter VII - Marriages of Śāmba and Pradyumna]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XXVIII - The mode of worshipping the Gopala Manifestation of Vishnu < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXXVI - Visvedeva Puja < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - The Chronology of the Āḻvārs < [Chapter XVII - The Āḻvārs]
Part 5 - Philosophy of the Ahirbudhnya-saṃhitā < [Chapter XVI - The Pañcarātra]
Part 3 - The Pañcarātra Literature < [Chapter XVI - The Pañcarātra]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)