Vishvaksena, Viṣvaksenā, Visvaksena, Viṣvaksena, Vishvac-sena, Vishvakshena: 20 definitions


Vishvaksena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Viṣvaksenā and Viṣvaksena can be transliterated into English as Visvaksena or Vishvaksena, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vishvaksena in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—Son of Brahmadatta (son of King Nīpa and his wife Kṛtvī) and his wife Sarasvatī. He had a son called Udaksena. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.25-26)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—An ancient hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Chapter 7, that he shines in the palace of Indra.

2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—A synonym of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—Is Viṣṇu;1 a son of Brahmadatta and Go; author of yogatantra under the guidance of Jaigīṣavya; the concrete form of the pāñcarātra and other tantras. Father of Udaksvana;2 worship of;3 Brahmadatta anointed him king and left for yoga practice.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 2. 8; III. 13. 3.
  • 2) Ib. IX. 21. 25-26;
  • 3) Ib. XI. 27. 29; XII. 11. 20. Matsya-purāṇa 21. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 46.

1b) Forms one of the retinue of the Lord on the Lokāloka mountain.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 40.

1c) Born of Viṣūcī; to be friendly to Śambhu, the Indra of the Tenth Manu; attacked Asura followers of Bali.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 23; 21. 16.

1d) An attribute of Hari, Vāsudeva, Madhusūdana and Janārdana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 50 and 245; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 48, 236; 106. 50; Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 8. 29.

1e) The future Manu, and the last (14th) in number.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 36.

1f) A son of Yugadatta; was born again as Vibhrāja on account of his good deeds.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 58.

1g) A son of Gaveṣṭhi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 77.

1h) A son of Yogasūnu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 180.

1i) A name of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 20.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Vishvaksena in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Viṣvaksena-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) or Viṣvaksenamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 56-59.—Accordingly, “the three (fingers) of the left hand. viz. the little finger and others are to be placed on the palm (of the same hand). The index finger among them is to be raised on their back away from the thumb. Then a fist is to be formed, as before, with the right hand with three fingers and placed by the side of the nasal bone, the index fingers is to be folded and placed at the tip of the thumb. The right arm shall be raised as if to throw the discus. This is viṣvaksenamudrā which would severe the bondage of the universe”.

Mūdra (eg., Viṣvaksena-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) icons are discussed in the thirty-third chapter of the Aniruddhasaṃhitā, an ancient Pāñcarātra Āgama text dealing with the annual festivals of temples and regular temple worship routines.—Description of the chapter [viṣvaksena-pratiṣṭhā-vidhi]: In all Viṣṇu temples one of the most important subsidiary idols will be Viṣvaksena. The methods for conducting a three-day ceremony of dedication of this aspect of Viṣṇu are given. [...]

2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) is the name of a Mudrā (“ritual hand-gestures”), discussed in the twenty-fourth chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—Description of the chapter [mudrā-lakṣaṇa-bhagavaddhyāna-ādi-prakāra]: Nārada tells how one prepares himself for the practice of mudrā-gestures—washing the hands with sandal-paste, doing certain exercises with the fingers, ritually touching the chest with the thumbs and forefingers of both hands, executing certain motions with the palms joined, etc. (3-11). Different mudrā-gestures are named and described (12-72): [e.g., viṣvaksena (59a)] [...]

3) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) refers to one of the two primary Parivāra-Devatās, as discussed in the sixth chapter of the Nāradīyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra document comprising over 3000 verses in 30 chapters presenting in a narrative framework the teachings of Nārada to Gautama, dealing primarily with modes of worship and festivals.—Description of the chapter [mudrā-lakṣaṇa]: [...] Nārada names and describes how to form with the hands 26 gestures. [...] He then turns to mudrās for the two major parivāra-devatās, that is, Vainateya and Viṣvaksena. [...]

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

Viśvaksena (विश्वक्सेन) (“the-all-conqueror”) refers to the “chief of the attendants of the Lord”.—Viśvaksena is said to represent the Āgamas which are the scriptures which deal with the ceremonial worship of the lord and all matters pertaining to temples, festivals, icons etc. The True Scriptures consist of the Vedas (Nigamas) and the Tantras (Āgamas). Whereas Garuḍa represents the elitist Vedas, Viśvaksena is the populist Tantras

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) or Viṣvaksenasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sāttvika type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika (e.g., Viṣvaksena-saṃhitā). b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Vishvaksena in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Viṣvaksenā (विष्वक्सेना ) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—Viṣvaksena sculptures are represented as seated on a pedestal in vīrāsana. The Sculpture is four handed of which the upper right hand holds cakra, the upper left hand-śaṅkha, lower left hand-varada and lower right hand is in the abhaya. It has a tall elongated kirīṭa. Viṣvaksena, according to the texts, should be in the tarjanimudra and he should hold a sword as he is the senāpati.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Vishvaksena in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन) refers to one of the Teachers mentioned in the guruparaṃparā of Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—The poem’s first ten verses create the context for the exaltation of Rāmānuja. This context is the lineage of teachers (guruparaṃparā) who preceded him and are listed in the first eight verses of the poem in the following order: Nārāyaṇa, Śrī-Lakṣmī, Viṣvaksena, Nammāḻvār, Puṇḍarīkākṣa (Uyyaṅkoṇṭār), Śrīrāmamiśra (Maṇakkāl Nampi), Yāmuna (Āḷavantār) and Mahāpūrṇa (Periya Nampi). In verse 11 Rāmānuja is addressed, for the first time, with the phrase “Lord of the Ascetics” (patiṃ yatīnām).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Vishvaksena in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Vishvaksena in India is the name of a plant defined with Aglaia odoratissima in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aglaia diepenhorstii Miquel (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fitoterapia (1987)
· London Journal of Botany (1845)
· Fitoterapia (1982)
· Journal of Tropical Plant Pests and Diseases (2002)
· Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1825)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vishvaksena, for example diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, have a look at these references.

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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvaksena in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—(viṣvaksenaḥ or [viṣvakṣeṇaḥ]) an epithet of Viṣṇu; साम्यमाप कमलासखविष्वक्सेनसेवितयुगान्तपयोधेः (sāmyamāpa kamalāsakhaviṣvaksenasevitayugāntapayodheḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.55; विष्वक्सेनः स्वतनुमविशत्सर्वलोकप्रतिष्ठाम् (viṣvaksenaḥ svatanumaviśatsarvalokapratiṣṭhām) R.15.13. °प्रिया (priyā) Name of Lakṣmī.

Derivable forms: viṣvaksenaḥ (विष्वक्सेनः).

Viṣvaksena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viṣvac and sena (सेन). See also (synonyms): viṣvaṅsena.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—m.

(-naḥ) Vishnu. f.

(-nā) A plant, commonly Priyangu. E. viṣvak every where, senā an army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣvakṣeṇa (विष्वक्षेण).—and vi- ṣvaksena viṣvaksena, i. e. viṣvañc -sena (see senā), m. Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 13, 24 (s).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśvaksena (विश्वक्सेन):—[=viśvak-sena] [from viśva] [wrong reading] for viṣvak-s.

2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—[=viṣvak-sena] [from viṣvak > viṣu] m. (sometimes written viśvak-s) ‘whose hosts or powers go everywhere’, Name of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa (or of a [particular] form of that deity to whom the fragments of a sacrifice are offered), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1168]

4) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Viṣṇu, [Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of the 14th (or 13th) Manu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Brahma-datta, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śambara, [Harivaṃśa]

11) Viṣvaksenā (विष्वक्सेना):—[=viṣvak-senā] [from viṣvak-sena > viṣvak > viṣu] f. a kind of plant (= priyaṅgu or phalinī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśvaksena (विश्वक्सेन):—[viśva-ksena] (naḥ) 1. m. Vishnu. f. A plant, Priyangu.

2) Viṣvaksena (विष्वक्सेन):—[viṣva-ksena] (naḥ) 1. m. Vishnu. f. A plant, Priyangu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vishvaksena in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvaksena in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viṣvakṣēna (ವಿಷ್ವಕ್ಷೇನ):—

1) [noun] Viṣṇu.

2) [noun] name of an attendant of Viṣṇu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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