Kha: 24 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

The void, the empty space of the heart, suṣumṇā-nāḍī, or cranial vault, is also termed kha—hole, cavity, empty space—whence statements in hathayogic sources concerning the free-floating state of th emeditative mind, intellect, or consciousness in the ether: this is khecara, “moving in the ether”.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kha (ख).—tad. affix, always changed into ईन (īna), (l) applied to the word कुल (kula) in the sense of a descendant, e.g. कुलीनः, आढ्यकुलीनः (kulīnaḥ, āḍhyakulīnaḥ); cf. P. IV. 1.139; (2) applied to the words अवार, पार, पारावार (avāra, pāra, pārāvāra) and अवारपार (avārapāra) in the Śaīṣika senses, e. g. अवारीणः, पारीणः (avārīṇaḥ, pārīṇaḥ) etc.; cf. P.IV.2.93 and Vārttikas 2, 3 on it; (3) applied to words ending in the word वर्ग (varga) (which does not mean 'sound' or 'letter') in the sense of 'present there,' e. g. वासुदेववर्गीणः, युधिष्ठिरवर्गीणः (vāsudevavargīṇaḥ, yudhiṣṭhiravargīṇaḥ); cf. P. IV. 3.64; (4) applied to the words सर्वधुर (sarvadhura) and एकधुर (ekadhura) in the sense of 'bearing,' and to ओजसू, वेशोभग, यशोभग (ojasū, veśobhaga, yaśobhaga) and पूर्व (pūrva), e.g. ओजसीनः (ojasīnaḥ) etc., cf. P.IV.4.78, 79, 130, 132, 133; (5) applied in the sense of 'favourable to' to the words आत्मन्, विश्वजन (ātman, viśvajana), etc. (P.V.1.9), to विंशतिक (viṃśatika), (32) to आढक, आचित, पात्र (āḍhaka, ācita, pātra) and others (53-55), to समा (samā) (85-86), to रात्रि, अहन्, संवत्सर (rātri, ahan, saṃvatsara) and वर्ष (varṣa) (87-88) and संवत्सर (saṃvatsara) and परिवत्सर (parivatsara) (92); e. g. आत्मनीनः, आढकीनः पात्रीणः, समीनः, संवत्स-रीणः (ātmanīnaḥ, āḍhakīnaḥ pātrīṇaḥ, samīnaḥ, saṃvatsa-rīṇaḥ) etc.; (6) to the words सर्वचर्मन्, यथामुख (sarvacarman, yathāmukha) etc. e. g. सर्वचर्मीणः (sarvacarmīṇaḥ) cf. P.V. 2.5 to 17; (7) to the words अषडक्ष, अशितंगु (aṣaḍakṣa, aśitaṃgu) etc. cf. P.V.4.7,8. e. g. अषडक्षीणः (aṣaḍakṣīṇaḥ). (8) ख (kha) is also a technical term in the sense of elision or लोप (lopa) in the Jainendra Grammar cf. Jain I. 1.61. (9) The word ख (kha) is used in the sense of 'glottis' or the hole of the throat (गलबिल (galabila)) in the ancient Prātiṣākhya works.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Kha (ख) refers to a “breath”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] The water clock (ambuyantra) is made of ten palas of copper; it is filled by water in sixty palas. It is pierced at the central portion (i.e. centre of the bottom) by a round needle made of three and one-third māṣas of gold, and 4 aṅgulas length; ... Ten long syllables (gurvakṣaras) make one breath [i.e., khendukha-indu]; six of these [i.e., khaṣaṣkha-ṣaṣ] make one pala; sixty of these make one ghaṭikā. [...]”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Kha (ख).—1. Void. 2. Sky. Note: Kha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kha (ख).—This syllable has the meanings 'empty' and 'organ of sense'. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 348).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kha (ख):—Akaśa; Space, synonym of Srotas

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kha (ख) refers to the “sky”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The groups of six, deployed and worshipped in the six corners of the hexagon in the core of the maṇḍala, are primary emanations of the goddess who ‘spreads herself out’ (vikāsikā, vikāsinī) from the centre of the Triangle. There, in the dimensionless point (bindu) in the centre, she abides formless (nirākārā) and undifferentiated (niṣkalā) as the genderless absolute (napuṃsakā) both as and within the transcendent which, as the very absence of phenomenal existence (abhāva), is void (śūnya) like space (ākāśa) or the sky (kha). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘cypher’. Note: kha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kha : (nt.) space; sky.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kha, syllable & ending, functioning also as root, meaning “void, empty” or as n. meaning “space”; expld. by Bdhgh with ref. to dukkha as “khaṃ saddo pana tucche; tucchaṃ hi ākāsaṃ khan ti vuccati” Vism. 494.—In meaning “space, sky” in cpd. khaga “sky-goer” (cp. viha-ga of same meaning), i.e. bird Abhp 624; Bdhd 56. (Page 230)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kha (ख).—The second consonant, and the aspirate of the preceding letter. It is here represented by Kh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kha (ख).—The 2nd consonant. n The heavens.

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khā (खा).—or -khā m Impetuous actions.

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kha (ख).—or- m A cradle. f m A vegetable.

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kha (ख).—or- or- m Apparel or gar- ments. ?B karaṇēṃ To dress up one's person finely.

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kha (ख).—or- or-ga & ????/d> or-khī or- See pōśāka & pōśākī.

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kha (ख).—or- f A musket or firelock. Matchlock. baṃ?B ḍāmbhaṇēṃ To fix a musket near a beast which a tiger has killed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kha (ख).—The sun.

-kham 1 The sky; खं केशवोऽपर इवाक्रमितुं प्रवृत्तः (khaṃ keśavo'para ivākramituṃ pravṛttaḥ) Mk.5.2; यावद्गिरः खे मरुतां चरन्ति (yāvadgiraḥ khe marutāṃ caranti) Ku.3.72; Me.9.

2) Heaven.

3) Organ of sense; पराञ्चि खानि व्यतृणत्स्वयंभूस्तमात्पराङ् पश्यति नान्तरात्मन् (parāñci khāni vyatṛṇatsvayaṃbhūstamātparāṅ paśyati nāntarātman) Kaṭh.2.1.1.

4) A city.

5) A field.

6) A cypher.

7) A dot, an anusvāra.

8) A cavity, an aperture, hollow, hole; नश्यतीषुर्यथा विद्धः खे विद्धमनुविध्यतः (naśyatīṣuryathā viddhaḥ khe viddhamanuvidhyataḥ) Ms.9.43.

9) An aperture of the human body; (of which there are 9, i. e. the mouth, the two ears, the two eyes, the two nostrils, and the organs of excretion and generation); खानि चैव स्पृशेदद्भिः (khāni caiva spṛśedadbhiḥ) Ms.2.6,53;4.144; Y.1.2; cf. Ku.3.5.

1) A wound.

11) Happiness, pleasure.

12) Tale.

13) Action.

14) Knowledge.

15) Brahman.

16) The glottis (in anatomy).

17) The tenth mansion from any given constellation or the sun's entrance into it.

-khā 1 A well, fountain.

2) A river.

3) Pārvatī.

4) The earth.

5) Lakṣmi.

6) The speech; cf. खोमा क्ष्मा कमला च गीः (khomā kṣmā kamalā ca gīḥ) Enm.

Derivable forms: khaḥ (खः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kha (ख).—The second consonant of the Deva Nagari alphabet, being the aspirate of the proceding; it is written in the Roman character K'h.

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Kha (ख).—n.

(-khaṃ) 1. Heaven. 2. Sky or ether. 3. An organ of sense. 4. Knowledge. 5. Happiness, pleasure. 6. vacuity. 7. A dot, a cypher. 8. A city, a field. 9. Action. 10. Auspiciousness. 11. Tale. 12. The tenth constellation from any given one, or the sun’s entrance into it. 13. Brahma the supreme spirit. m.

(-khaḥ) A name of the sun. E. khan to dig, to penetrate, affix ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kha (ख).— (vb. khan), n. 1. A cavity of the human body, as mouth, nose, etc., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 120. 2. A wound, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 45. 3. The subtile æther, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 120. 4. Sky, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 19, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kha (ख).—[neuter] hole, hollow, aperture, [especially] the hole in the nave of a wheel or an aperture of the human body (as eyes, mouth, etc.); organ of sense; void space, sky, air. [feminine] khā source, fountain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kha (ख):—1. kha the second consonant of the alphabet (being the aspirate of the preceding consonant; often in [manuscripts] and, [Inscriptions] confounded with ṣa).

2) 2. kha m. the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) 3. kha n. (√khan) a cavity, hollow, cave, cavern, aperture, [Ṛg-veda]

4) an aperture of the human body (of which there are nine, viz. the mouth, the two ears, the two eyes, the two nostrils, and the organs of excretion and generation), [Atharva-veda xiv, 2, 1 and 6; Prātiśākhya; Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

5) (hence) an organ of sense, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 3, 23]

6) (in [anatomy]) the glottis, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) ‘the hole made by an arrow’, wound, [Manu-smṛti ix, 43]

8) the hole in the nave of a wheel through which the axis runs, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv]

9) vacuity, empty space, air, ether, sky, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Praśna-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti xii, 120 etc.]

10) heaven, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Brahma (the Supreme Spirit), [Horace H. Wilson]

12) (in [arithmetic]) a cypher, [Sūryasiddhānta; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

13) the Anusvāra represented by a circle (bindu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Name of the tenth astrological mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

15) talc, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) a city, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) a field, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) happiness (a meaning derived [from] su-kha, duḥ-kha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) action, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) understanding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) Khā (खा):—[from kha] a f. a fountain, well, [Ṛg-veda ii, 28, 5] (khām ṛtasya, cf. Zend ashahe khAo) & [vi, 36, 4]

22) Kha (ख):—cf. [Greek] χάος; [Latin] halo.

23) Khā (खा):—[from khan] b mfn. digging (ifc. e.g. kūpa-; bisa-khā), [Pāṇini 3-2, 67.]

24) c See √khan, p. 337, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kha (ख):—The second consonant kh, the aspirate of ka k,

2) (khaṃ) 1. n. Heaven, sky or æther; organ of sense; knowledge; pleasure; vacuity; a cypher; a field; talc; 10th constellation; Brāhma. m. The sun.

3) camasa (saḥ) 1. m. The moon.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kha (ख) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kha (ख) [Also spelled kh]:——the second consonant and the second member of the first pentad (i.e. [kavarga]) of the Devnagri: alphabet; (nm) used in Sanskrit compound words to mean the sky (as [khaga, khagola], etc).

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kha (ख) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kha.

2) Khā (खा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Khād.

2) Khā has the following synonyms: Khāa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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