Jnanacakra, Jñānacakra, Jnana-cakra: 3 definitions


Jnanacakra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jnanachakra.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Jnanacakra in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jñānacakra (ज्ञानचक्र) refers to the “wheel of knowledge”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] The great lord, the venerable Kubjeśa, accompanied by the encompassing attendants of the Śrīkrama (the tradition of the goddess Kubjikā), sat on the seat of the Wheel of Knowledge (jñānacakra-āsanāsīna), adorned with the garland of Principles of Existence. The Lord of the gods, whose nature is beyond conception contemplated his own imperishable, and sacred nature, (the Self) of the venerable Wheel of Bliss. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jnanacakra in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Jñānacakra (ज्ञानचक्र) refers to the “gnosis circle” positioned in the saṃbhoga-puṭa or ‘enjoyment layer’ of the Herukamaṇḍala: a large-scale and elaborate maṇḍala of Heruka, consisting of 986 deities, as found in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15.—The Herukamaṇḍala consists of four layers (puṭa) consisting of concentric circles (cakra, totally one lotus at the center and 12 concentric circles, that is, 13 circles in total).

The jñānacakra contains 36 pairs of Ḍākinī and Hero, collectively called gnosis Heruka (jñānaheruka):

  1. Tilottamā & Tilottama,
  2. Atisukhā & Atisukha,
  3. Apsarasā & Apsarasa,
  4. Mahāratā & Mahārata,
  5. Ratī & Rati,
  6. Ratākhyā & Ratākhya,
  7. Padminī & Padmaka,
  8. Śaṅkhinī & Śaṅkha,
  9. Citriṇī & Citraka,
  10. Gajā & Gaja,
  11. Mahārūpā & Mahārūpa,
  12. Surūpā & Surūpa,
  13. Kāntā & Kānta,
  14. Vilāsinī & Vilāsa,
  15. Sukhā & Sukha,
  16. Puṣpakāmī & Puṣpakāma,
  17. Kumudī & Kumuda,
  18. Nīlotpalā & Nīlotpala,
  19. Sundarī & Sundara,
  20. Rāgā & Rāga,
  21. Mahārāgā & Mahārāga,
  22. Rāmākhyā & Rāmākhya,
  23. Mahārāmakī & Mahārāmaka,
  24. Madanā & Madana,
  25. Madanapriyā & Madanapriya,
  26. Kāminī & Kāmin,
  27. Mahākāmikā & Mahākāmika,
  28. Sukhodbhavā & Sukhodbhava,
  29. Sukhamatī & Sukhamati,
  30. Priyatamā & Priyatama,
  31. Premakā & Premaka,
  32. Saubhāgyamatī & Saubhāgyamat,
  33. Saubhāgyā & Saubhāgya,
  34. Meṇukā & Meṇuka,
  35. Pradyumukhī (Pradyumnakī) & Pradyumnaka,
  36. Jātirūpī & Jātirūpa,

They are multi-colored; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Jñānacakra (ज्ञानचक्र) refers to the “knowledge circle”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “Now, outside that, I shall explain the Knowledge Circle (jñānacakra) entirely, [which is] multicolored and has thirty-six spokes corresponding to the sequence of the Asuras’ clan.—[...] All [Yoginīs and heroes] have the nature of wisdom and means. The color [of their bodies] is manifold like [the color of the circle]. The weaponry in hand is as before, and the Eminence Level is to be known. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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