Lokadharma, Loka-dharma: 10 definitions


Lokadharma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Lokadharma in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Lokadharma (लोकधर्म) refers to the “worldly religion”, according to the Tantrāloka 15.27-30.—Accordingly, “He should destroy all the past and future karmas for the liberation-seeker who is indifferent. He should only purify the prārabdha karma. For the Sādhaka he should purify [the karmas] in the same manner for the purpose of powers. This is the śivadharmiṇī-dīkṣā, which removes the worldly religion (lokadharma-apahāriṇī). The purification of only the bad karma, and not the meritorious, is the lokadharmiṇī-dīkṣā, which is without the worship of mantras. Upon the death of his current body he enjoys [the supernatural powers], starting with aṇimā; and having enjoyed these he goes upwards to where he was joined [during the initiation ritual], at a sakala or niṣkala level”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Lokadharma in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Lokadharma (लोकधर्म) refers to the “worldly way”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.1 (“The dalliance of Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “[...] When Śiva following the worldly way (lokadharma) began his enjoyment of pleasures, O sinless one, a great length of time passed by as though it was a mere moment in their awareness. Then, O dear, Indra and the gods gathered together on the mountain Meru and began their mutual discussion. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Lokadharma in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Lokadharma (लोकधर्म) (Cf. Saṃvṛtidharma, Lokasaṃvṛti) refers to “current usage”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “[Question.—Why do the Buddhist sūtras begin with the words: ‘Thus have I heard’?]—[...] In current usage (lokadharma), we speak of the ātman, but not from the absolute (paramārtha), true point of view, for all Dharmas are empty (śūnya) and devoid of substantial self (anātmaka). In current usage there is nothing wrong in speaking of Ātman”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Lokadharma (लोकधर्म) refers to “worldly things”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘(36) Like an illusion (māyā), body and life are impermanent (anitya). Enjoyment (bhoga) is just like a dream (svapna) and lightning (vidyut). Having generated compassion (karuṇā) in the whole world, they give a gift, being undefiled (anupalipta) by the worldly things (lokadharma). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Lokadharma in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Lokadharma (लोकधर्म) or Aṣṭalokadharma refers to “eight worldly conditions” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 61):

  1. lābha (greed),
  2. alābha (non-greed),
  3. sukha (happiness),
  4. duḥkha (suffering),
  5. yaśas (fame),
  6. ayaśas (infamy),
  7. nindā (blame),
  8. praśaṃsā (praise).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., lokadharma). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lokadharma in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lokadharma (लोकधर्म).—

1) a worldly matter.

2) (with Buddhists) worldly condition.

Derivable forms: lokadharmaḥ (लोकधर्मः).

Lokadharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms loka and dharma (धर्म).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lokadharma (लोकधर्म).—m. (= Pali lokadhamma), (the eight) conditions of the world, listed Dharmasaṃgraha 61 as lābho 'lābhaḥ sukhaṃ duḥkhaṃ yaśo 'yaśo nindā praśaṃsā (same 8 in Pali forms, not in same order, [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]): anupalipto °maiḥ, not defiled by…, Mahāvyutpatti 873; Lalitavistara 352.10; aṣṭalokadhar- mānupalipta Lalitavistara 275.5; Śikṣāsamuccaya 180.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lokadharma (लोकधर्म):—[=loka-dharma] [from loka > lok] m. a worldly matter, [Lalita-vistara]

2) [v.s. ...] worldly condition (eight with Buddhists), [Dharmasaṃgraha 6i.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Lokadharma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lokadharma in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lōkadharma (ಲೋಕಧರ್ಮ):—[noun] = ಲೋಕಗತಿ [lokagati].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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