Sukhaduhkha, Sukha-duhkha: 9 definitions


Sukhaduhkha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sukhaduhkha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sukhaduḥkha (सुखदुःख) refers to “happiness and misery”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, Dharma (in the guise of a king) said to Padmā (wife of sage Pippalāda): “Obeisance to Śiva who distributes happiness, misery (sukhaduḥkha), boons, prosperity or adversity on all. Obeisance to Śiva who can make people enemies or friends, create affection or quarrel, to generate or destroy things. Obeisance to Śiva who has made milk white, who has bestowed chillness on water and heat on fire. Obeisance to Śiva, by whom the primordial nature, the principles Mahat etc, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva and others are created. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sukhaduhkha (सुखदुह्ख).—Represent Brahmam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 43. 77.
Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Sukhaduḥkha (सुखदुःख) refers to “(one who feels alike in) pleasure and pain”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.29. Accordingly:—“[...] Sītā was distressed to hear these words of Rāma and spoke these words slowly, with her face with tears: ‘[...] Oh Rāma, the scion of Kākutsa! You ought to take me, who is a devotee, so devoted to husband, who is distressed who feels alike in pleasure and pain (sukhaduḥkha) and shares your joys and sorrows’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sukhaduhkha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sukhaduḥkha (सुखदुःख) refers to “pleasure and pain”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “His heart is uplifted and his nose and the rest (of his face) is well balanced. The sign of one who is well accomplished is that he is well behaved and he produces abundance. His foot is upraised and his thighs are broad, the forehead is well balanced. He is accomplished from a previous life and is Bhairava. His navel has three creases. His penis is small and auspicious. His body is straight and well proportioned. Such a one is accomplished from a previous life in the western (tradition). His nails are well proportioned and red. His hands bear the marks of elevation and his eyes are red. Such is an accomplished one in the previous lineage. His face is like a lotus and his hair is (tied up in a knot in the) foreign style. One who is such and is equal in pleasure and pain [i.e., sukhaduḥkha-sama] is part of the Siddha lineage”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sukhaduhkha in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sukhaduḥkha (सुखदुःख) refers to “pleasure and pain”, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 4.5cd-6, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[...] After that comes bhoga, which is the experiencing of pleasure, pain, and delusion (sukhaduḥkha-moha-prāptyātmā). The process of action (laya) [is to] of melt away any trace of fruition, which remains for a short period of time even though the bhoga has ceased. Then [comes] penance (niṣkṛti), which means the complete accomplishing of all bhoga that pertains to birth, life, and experiences. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sukhaduhkha in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Sukhaduḥka (सुखदुःक) refers to “pleasure and suffering”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] The Bodhisattva Dharmarāja and the whole congregation, having joined the palms of their hands, paid homage to open space, and sat down. Then, by the magical presence of the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, these verses resonated in open space: ‘[...] (129) Just as open space is not damaged in the hail of spears and arrows, so the Son of the Victorious One (jinaputra) is not afflicted by any suffering coming from all directions. (130) Just as the open space is not delighted by the rain of ambrosia, the Bodhisattva is not pleased with any gain or honour. (131) Just as the open space never makes discriminative construction on praise or blame, so the Bodhisattva is stable and unwavering in pleasure and suffering (sukhaduḥkha) [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sukhaduhkha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sukhaduḥkha (सुखदुःख) refers to “pleasure and pain”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “ [com.—Next he speaks about the equivalence (samānatām) of pleasure and pain (sukhaduḥkhayoḥ)]—Certainly, in this world, in that same house wherein that which is charming is praised in song with joy in the morning, it is lamented with sorrow at midday”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sukhaduhkha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sukhaduḥkha (सुखदुःख).—[neuter] [plural] weal or woe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sukhaduḥkha (सुखदुःख):—[=sukha-duḥkha] [from sukha > sukh] n. [dual number] pleasure and pain, joy and sorrow, [Kauṣītaki-upaniṣad]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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