Anandavardhana, Ānandavardhana, Ānandavardhanā: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Anandavardhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

[«previous next»] — Anandavardhana in Kavyashastra glossary
Source: DASH: The Theology of Literary Emotions in Medieval Kashmir

Ānandavardhana (आनन्दवर्धन) famous ninth century theorist who propounded his theory of “poetic manifestation” (dhvani or vyañjanā). Dhvani was so important to Ānandavardhana that his text, Dhvanyāloka, is named after it.—Ānandavardhana was not an unreligious man. He is known to have composed an elaborate hymn to the Goddess, called Devīśataka [Devīśatakam], or One Hundred Verses on the Goddess, which is still available, and a work called Tattvāloka, or Lamp on Reality, which has been lost, but which Abhinavagupta tells us was about metaphysics and theology. Abhinavagupta also tells us, interestingly, that Ānandavardhana wrote a sub-commentary on a famous Buddhist work, Dharmottara’s commentary on Dharmakīrti's Pramāṇaviniścya, or Determination of Authoritative Means of Knowledge.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Anandavardhana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ānandavardhana (आनन्दवर्धन).—A great critic of Sanskrit literature. He lived in the 9th century A.D. He expounded his theory of Dhvanivāda by 120 Kārikās. His own commentary of the Kārikās is the book called Dhvanyāloka. There are four parts for Dhvanyāloka and each part is called an Udyota.

There is a belief among a few that the Kārikās were written by another scholar, Sahṛdaya, and that Ānandavardhana had written only a commentary on it. He was a member of the royal council of Avantivarmā who ruled Kashmīr during the period 854-884 A.D. It is believed that he wrote Dhvanyāloka in 850 A.D. Many commentaries have been written of Dhvanyāloka of which the one written by Abhinavagupta is considered to be the best.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Anandavardhana in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Croaking Frogs: A Guide to Sanskrit Metrics and Figures of Speech

Ānandavardhana was a ninth-century thinker from Kashmir. His Dhvanyāloka (also known as the Kāvyāloka) was a pivotal work in the history of Indian aesthetics and marks a dividing line between the old and the new poetics. Ānandavardhana saw works as aesthetically-integrated wholes, shifting emphasis away from individual formal elements to the overall impression left on the reader or viewer.

Ānandavardhana accepted Bharata’s rasa theory, believing that the main goal of petry is to evoke a specific emotional mood or “flavor” (rasa). But the Dhvanyāloka went beyond this and introduced the new idea that rasa can only be communcated by the power of implied or suggested meaning (dhvani).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Anandavardhana in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ānandavardhanā (आनन्दवर्धना) refers to one of the Dikkumārikās living on the eastern Rucaka mountains, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] Then the Dikkumārikās living on the eastern Rucaka Mountains: Nandottarā, Nandā, Ānandā, Ānandavardhanā, Vijayā, Vaijayantī, Jayantī, and Aparājitā, accompanied by all their magnificence and power, came with their retinues to the birth-house in the same way as the preceding ones and circumambulated the Master and the Master’s mother three times. After they had announced themselves to the Mistress, had bowed, and had recited a hymn of praise as before, they stood in front of them, singing, and holding jeweled mirrors”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anandavardhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Ānandavardhana (आनन्दवर्धन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—lived ander Avantivarman (‘854-883’). Rājat. V, 34: Arjunacarita. Dīnākrandanastotra?. Report. Ix. Devīśataka. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] preface p. 114. Dhvanyāloka or Sahṛdayāloka. Quoted by Kṣemendra in Aucityavicāracarcā 1, 18. Viṣamabāṇalīlā.

2) Ānandavardhana (आनन्दवर्धन):—son of Nona: Dharmottamā Viniścayaṭīkā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ānandavardhana (आनन्दवर्धन):—[=ā-nanda-vardhana] [from ā-nanda > ā-nand] mfn. enhancing enjoyment, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a poet, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

[Sanskrit to German]

Anandavardhana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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