Anarta, Ānarta, Anārta: 14 definitions


Anarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ānarta (आनर्त).——(c)—a western country; that of Kṛṣṇa;1 on the way from Dvāraka to Indraprastha.2 Its king went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.3 Destroyed by Dvivida;4 named after Śaryāti; its capital Kuśasthalī.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 1.
  • 2) Ib. X. 71. 21.
  • 3) Ib. X. 82. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 62; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 22.
  • 4) Ib. X. 67. 4.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.

1b) A son of Śaryāti and father of Reva(ta).1 Rocamāna was his son; ruled over the kingdom of Ānarta from Kuśasthalī.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 3. 27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 23-24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 63-4.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 21-2.

1c) A son of Vītihotra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 43. 49.

1d) People of Ānarta over whom Revata ruled.1 Heard of Kṛṣṇa going to Mithilā and met him on the way with presents;2 of the south.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10, 35; 14. 25; IX. 3. 28; X. 52. 15; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 51.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 86. 20.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 131.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Anārta (अनार्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.7.4, VI.10.50, VIII.4.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Anārta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ānarta (आनर्त) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Anarta (अनर्त) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It includes northern Gujrata and portions of the Malwa country. Its capital name was Anarttapura, Afterwards it called Anandapura and modern times it known as Vadnagar.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Ānarta (आनर्त) is the name of an ancient king from the Sūrya dynasty (sūryavaṃśa), in the Gargasaṃhitā chapter 6.3. Accordingly, “[...] a noble-hearted king named Ānarta was born in the Sūrya dynasty. The country of Ānartadeśa, which was created where there once was only the ocean filled with terrible sounds, was named after him. His son was the virtuous king Raivata, who ruled the kingdom from his capitol Kuśasthalī”.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ānarta (आनर्त) [=Anarta?] refers to a country belonging to “Nairṛtī (south-western division)” classified under the constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā represent the south-western division consisting of [i.e., Ānarta] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Heidelberg: Glory of the Tiruvanantapuram Padmanabhasvami Temple

Ānarta (आनर्त) is the name of an ancient region of India having Dvāraka for its capital, according to the Syānandūrapuravarṇana-prabandha by Svāti-Tirunāḷ (1813-1846) (one of the rulers of Travancore) which deals with the different activities of the Thiruvananthapuram Temple, including ceremonies and festivals.—The first chapter, Bālakrīḍa, begins by extolling the glory of Lord Padmanābha and then moves on to the story of Divākaramuni as told in the Anantaśayanakṣetramāhātmya. But instead of Dvāraka (the capital city of Ānarta), this text mentions Ānarta itself as the place where sage Divākara stayed.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ānarta (आनर्त).—[ānṛtyatyatra ādhāre ghañ]

1) A stage, theatre, a dancing-hall.

2) War, battle.

3) Name of a king of the solar race.

4) Name of a country or its inhabitants, or its kings. (It was also called Saurāṣtra and may be identified with the modern Kathewar. Dwārakā was its capital, which is called Ānartanagarī. There was also an important town called Valabhī-- which afterwards became its capital. The celebrated Tīrtha called Prabhāsa also stood in the same peninsula.)

-rtam 1 Water.

2) Dancing (m. also) cf. आनर्तः समरे नृत्तस्थाननीवृद्विशेषयोः (ānartaḥ samare nṛttasthānanīvṛdviśeṣayoḥ) Nm.

Derivable forms: ānartaḥ (आनर्तः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānarta (आनर्त).—m., pl. The name of a people and their country (also sing.), [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 43, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anārta (अनार्त):—[=an-ārta] mfn. not sick, well.

2) Ānarta (आनर्त):—[=ā-narta] a etc. See under ā-√nṛt.

3) [=ā-narta] [from ā-nṛt] b m. dancing-room, dancing academy, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] a stage, theatre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] war, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a king (son of Śaryāti), [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a country (northern Kāṭhiavāḍ), [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of the inhabitants of the above country

9) [v.s. ...] of the kings of that country

10) [v.s. ...] n. the empire of the Ānartas

11) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] dancing, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anārta (अनार्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇaṭṭa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anarta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anārta (ಅನಾರ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] not distressed; not undergone any difficulty.

2) [adjective] not hurt; unharmed; unscathed; free from sickness; healthy.

--- OR ---

Ānarta (ಆನರ್ತ):—

1) [noun] an elevated platform for acting on; a stage.

2) [noun] a building where a drama is exhibited; a theatre.

3) [noun] open armed conflict between countries or between factions within the same country.

4) [noun] name of a state, now a part of Gujarāt, in western India; Saurāṣṭra.

5) [noun] an inhabitant or a person belonging to this state.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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