Ananvaya: 5 definitions


Ananvaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Ananvaya (अनन्वय, “self-comparison”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—When the same object occupies the position of both upamāna and upameya i.e. when a thing is compared to itself, there is Ananvaya.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Ananvaya (अनन्वय) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure ananvaya has been treated by a number of rhetorician. Bhāmaha (K.A. 345), Udbhaṭa (A.S.S. 44) and Vāmana (IV 3.14) have admitted ananvaya. Daṇḍin does not mention it as a separate figure. He gives a type of upamā named parasparopamā. It very much agrees with the figure ananvaya. Mammaṭa (X/19), Ruyyaka (A.S. P. 30) etc. have admitted ananvaya as usual. Ananvaya is used to indicate incomparable character of an object. So the poets take pleasure to employ it.

Accordng to Cirañjīva if the upameya be identical with upamāna the figure ananvaya occurs. Cirañjīva’s definition is following the definitions given by his predecessors.

Example of the ananvaya-alaṃkāra:

samatāṃ tvayi karṇasya varṇayanti balerapi |
manmate tu guṇaistaistairbhavāniha bhavāniva ||

“Some speaks of equivalence of powerful Karṇa in you but in my opinion, in this world, you with such qualities are like yourself”.

Notes: In this verse a king is praised by one who thinks that the king’s prowess is incomparable. In this world Karṇa of the Mahābhāratān age is famous for his power, but the king’s power is superior to that of Karṇa. So the king cannot be compared with Karṇa and the king himself is the object to be compared with (upamāna). As the king is both the object to be compared and also the object to be compared with the figure ananvaya is operative here.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ananvaya (अनन्वय).—m S Inconsistency, unconnectedness, incongruity, irrelevancy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ananvaya (अनन्वय).—m Unconnectedness, inconsis- tency, incongruity, irrelevancy.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ananvaya (अनन्वय).—[na. ta.]

1) Want of connection.

2) (Rhet.) A figure of speech in which a thing is compared to itself, the object being to show that it is matchless and can have no other उपमान (upamāna); उपमानोपमेयत्वं यदेकस्यैव वस्तुनः । इन्दुरिन्दुरिव श्रीमानित्यादौ तदनन्वयः ॥ गगनं गगनाकारं सागरः सागरोपमः । रामरावणयोर्युद्धं रामरावणयोरिव (upamānopameyatvaṃ yadekasyaiva vastunaḥ | indurinduriva śrīmānityādau tadananvayaḥ || gaganaṃ gaganākāraṃ sāgaraḥ sāgaropamaḥ | rāmarāvaṇayoryuddhaṃ rāmarāvaṇayoriva) ||

Derivable forms: ananvayaḥ (अनन्वयः).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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