Alakananda, aka: Alakanandā, Alaka-nanda; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Alakananda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Alakananda in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Alakanandā (अलकनन्दा).—One of the four rivers originating from the “river of the sky”, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. This ‘river of the sky’ starts at the ‘ocean of the sky’ and, being agitated by the elephant of Indra, falls at the top of mount Meru, where at the bottom it forms into these four rivers. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Alakanandā (अलकनन्दा).—River Gaṅgā of devaloka. The river gaṅgā of the earth when it flows through devaloka is called Alakanandā and is called Vaitaraṇī when it flows through Pitṛloka (nether world). Kṛṣṇadvaipāyana (Vyāsa) declares that Deva Gaṅgā with crystal pure water flowing in devaloka under the name Alakanandā and Vaitaraṇī of the nether world, a terror to sinners, are the same as the Gaṅgā of the earth. (Ślokas 21 and 22, Chapter 170, Bhāṣā Bhārata, A.P.).

Starting from Viṣṇupāda Alakanandā flows through Devayāna which blazes with the splendour of a crore of beautiful many-storeyed buildings. Flowing from there to Candramaṇḍala (moon) and flooding it completely flows down to Brahmaloka. From there it divides into four rivulets and flows to the four different sides with the names Sītā, Cakṣus, Alakanandā and Bhadrā. Of these Sītā falls on the thickly wooded mountain tops of Mahāmeru and flowing from there through Gandhamādana by the side of Bhadrāśvavarṣa falls down in the eastern ocean. Cakṣus falls on the top of Mālyavān mountain and flowing through Ketumāla falls down in the western ocean. The most sacred of the group, Alakanandā, falls on the mountain of Hemakūṭa and from there flows through Bhāratavarṣa and falls down in the southern ocean. The fourth, Bhadrā, falling on the top of the Mountain, Sṛṅgavān flows to the northern ocean. Of these the most sacred is Alakanandā which flows through Bhāratavarṣa and it is believed that even those who think of taking a bath in that will acquire the benefit of performing yāgas like Aśvamedha and Rājasūya. (Eighth Skandha of Śrī Mahādevībhāgavata).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Alakanandā (अलकनन्दा).—The R. in Kailāsa: a branch of Gaṅgā issuing out of the city of Brahmā descends the southern slopes of Meru. Her course can be traced from the Gandhamādana. Traversing the Hemakūṭa and Himalayas as also the continent of Bharata and dividing itself into seven branches it enters the sea on the south. A bath in this stream is equal to performing aśvamedhas and other sacrifices. A mahānadī: borne by Śiva on his head for more than a hundred years: Elevated Sagara's sons to heaven.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 6. 24; V. 17. 5 and 9; IX. 29. 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 41. 21; 56. 12; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 34, 36; 8. 113-20; Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 18. 42. 25-35; 108. 80.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Alakananda in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Of many rivers of India, Gaṅgā (Ganges) stands unparalleled and supreme with regard to holiness and the number of places of pilgrimage associated with it. Alakanandā is one of its important tributaries which joins it at an early stage. Taking its birth on the Indo-Tibetan border of Uttar Pradesh, it is joined by four rivers at four different places:

  1. Nandākinī at Nandaprayāga
  2. Piṇḍar at Karṇaprayāga
  3. Mandākinī at Rudraprayāga
  4. Bhāgīrathī at Devaprayāga

Here-after the rivers merged together go by the name Gaṅgā. The famous Viṣṇu temple at Badarīnātha is situated on the bank of Alakanandā.

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alakananda in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Alakanandā (अलकनन्दा).—

1) Name of the Gaṅgā, or a river falling into it. ईक्षयालकनन्दाया विधूताशेष- कल्मषः (īkṣayālakanandāyā vidhūtāśeṣa- kalmaṣaḥ) Bhāg.11.29.42.

2) a girl from eight to ten years of age.

Alakanandā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms alaka and nandā (नन्दा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 297 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nanda
Nanda (नन्द).—(1) (= Pali id., DPPN Nanda Thera 1; also called Sundarananda, q.v.) n. of a mon...
Sunanda
Sunanda (सुनन्द).—(1) n. of a devaputra: LV 4.12; 6.12; 438.16; Mv ii.257.7; (2) n. of a cakra...
Alaka
Alaka (अलक).—n. of a yakṣa (probably really a generic name, an inhabitant of Alakā or °kā-pura,...
Mahananda
Mahānanda (महानन्द).—(= Nanda 1), n. of a disciple of Buddha: SP 2.6; but Kashgar recension, on...
Nandagopa
Nandagopa (नन्दगोप).—Foster-father of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Previous birth. There are two stories about th...
Gonanda
Gonanda (गोनन्द).—A soldier of Skandadeva. Śloka 65, Chapter 43, Śalya Parva).
Nandapura
Nandapura is a deserted town in Koraput District of Orissa and it was the old capital of the Ra...
Alakadhipati
Alakādhipati (अलकाधिपति).—m. (-tiḥ) Kuvera. E. alakā, and adhipati ruler.
Nandanidhi
nāndanidhi (नांदनिधि).—m (S) A nidhi or treasure celebrated in Hindu fable as attending at the ...
Nandanagara
Nandanagara (नन्दनगर) refers to place south of Gokula according to the Garga-saṃhitā 2.17.31. A...
Alakadhipa
Alakādhipa (अलकाधिप).—'lord of Alakā', Name of Kubera; अत्यजीवदमरालके- श्वरौ (atyajīvadamarālak...
Latalaka
Latālaka (लतालक).—m. (-kaḥ) An elephant. E. latā a creeper, and alaka a curl.
Bhramaralaka
Bhramarālaka (भ्रमरालक).—m. (-kaḥ) Hair curled upon the forehead. E. bhramara a bee, and alaka ...
Alakapriya
Alakapriya (अलकप्रिय).—m. (-yaḥ) A plant, (Pentaptera tomentosa.)
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Nandapāla (नन्दपाल) was a master potter (kumbhakāra) during the time of Buddha Kāśyapa, accordi...

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