Kula, aka: Kūla; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Kula (कुल).—According to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya, kula is defined as the condition in which the mind and the sight of the devotee merge and the senses lose their independence, the devotee’s own power becomes one with jīva, and his sight merges into the visible objects. Kula is identical with Śakti, who merges into Śiva, Śiva into action (kriya), Kriya into jñāna (knowledge), through icchā (desire) which merges finally into supreme Śiva.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaivism)
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

1) Kula (कुल) refers to “part of a village”. It is also known as haṭṭa and uṣṭa. The boundaries are defined as “as much land as can be cultivated with two ploughs”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 7.119)

2) Kula (कुल) refers to either “member of a family” or, in a different context, “judge”. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.169)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
context information

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sanskrit., kula: Clan, Family, Lineage

  1. name of an influential and widespread group of Indian vamacara ("left hand") Tantrics
  2. name for a member of this "family" or "lineage", a membership gained either by birth or initiation

The prominent influence the Kula have had on the general development of Indian Tantra can be judged by the number of important scriptures that have come out of this movement; for example the Kaulavali Nirnaya Tantra, Kubjika Tantra, Kularnava Tantra, Parasurama-kalpa Sutra and Yogini Tantra.

(Source): Yoniversum: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Kundala.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

kula : (nt.) a family; clan; caste. || kūla (nt.), river-bank; embankment.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kūla, (nt.) (Dhtp 271: kūla āvaraṇe) a slope, a bank, an embankment. Usually of rivers: S. I, 143=J. III, 361; A. I, 162; Sn. 977; J. I, 227; Miln. 36: udapāna° the facing of a well Vin. II, 122; vaccakūpassa k° the sides of a cesspool Vin. II, 141. See also paṃsu°, & cp. uk°, upa°, paṭi°. (Page 225)

— or —

Kula, (nt.; but poetic pl. kulā Pv. II, 943 (Idg. *qǔel (revolve); see under kaṇṭha, cakka and carati) 1. clan, a high social grade, “good family, ” cp. Gr. (doric) fuά, Goth. kuni. A collection of cognates and agnates, in sense of Ohg. sippa, clan; “house” in sense of line or descent (cp. House of Bourbon, Homeric genέh). Bdhgh at Vism. 91 distinguishes 2 kinds of kulāni, viz. ñātikulaṃ & upaṭṭhāka-kulaṃ.—1. A. II, 249 (on welfare and ill-luck of clans); Sn. 144; 711; It. 109 sq. (sabrahmakāni, etc.); Dh. 193.—brāhmaṇa° a Brahmanic family A. V, 249; J. IV, 411, etc.; vāṇija° the household of a trader J. III, 82; kassaka° id. of a farmer J. II, 109; purāṇaseṭṭhi° of a banker J. VI, 364; upaṭṭhāka° (Sāriputtassa) a family who devoted themselves to the service of S. Vin. I, 83; sindhava° VvA. 280.—uccākula of high descent Pv III, 116, opp. nīca° of mean birth Sn. 411 (cp. °kulīno); viz. caṇḍālakula, nesāda°, veṇa°, etc. M. II, 152=A. I, 107=II. 85=III, 385=Pug. 51; sadisa° a descent of equal standing PvA. 82; kula-rūpa- sampanna endowed with “race” and beauty PvA. 3, 280.—2. household, in the sense of house; kulāni people DhA. I, 388; parakulesu among other people Dh. 73; parakule do. VvA. 66; kule kule appaṭibaddhacitto not in love with a particular family Sn. 65; cp. kule gaṇe āvāse (asatto or similar terms) Nd2 on taṇhā IV.—devakula temple J. II, 411; rāja° the king’s household. palace J. I, 290; III, 277; VI, 368; kulāni bahutthikāni (=bahuitthikāni, bahukitthī° A. IV, 278) appapurisāni “communities in which there are many women but few men” Vin. II, 256=S. II, 264=A. IV, 278; ñāti-kula (my) home Vv 3710 (: pitugehaṃ sandhāya VvA. 171).

—aṅgāra “the charcoal of the family” i.e. one who brings a family to ruin, said of a squanderer S. IV, 324 (text kulaṅgāroti: but vv. ll. show ti as superfluous); printed kulaṅguro (for kul-aṅkuro? v. l. kulaṅgāro) kulapacchimako (should it be kulapacchijjako? cp. vv. ll. at J. IV, 69) dhanavināsako J. VI, 380. Also in kulapacchimako kulagaro pāpadhammo J. IV, 69. Both these refer to an avajāta putta. Cp. also kulassa aṅgārabhūta DhA. III, 350; SnA. 192 (of a dujjāto putto), and kulagandhana; —itthi a wife of good descent, together with kuladhītā, °kumārī, °suṇhā, °dāsī at Vin. II, 10; A. III, 76; Vism. 18. —ûpaka (also read as °upaka, °ûpaga; °upaga; for ûpaga, see Trenckner, P. M. 62, n. 16; cp. kulopaka Divy 307) frequenting a family, dependent on a (or one & the same) family (for alms, etc.); a friend, an associate. Freq. in formula kulūpako hoti bahukāni kulāni upasaṅkamati, e.g. Vin. III, 131, 135; IV, 20.—Vin. I, 192, 208; III, 84, 237; V, 132; S. II, 200 sq.; A. III, 136, 258 sq.; Pv III, 85; Vism. 28; DA. I, 142 (rāja°); PvA. 266. f. kulūpikā (bhikkhunī) Vin. II, 268; IV, 66; —gandhana at It. 64 and kule gandhina at J. IV, 34 occur in the same sense and context as kulaṅgāra in J. -passages on avajāta-putta. The It-MSS. either explain k- gandhana by kulacchedaka or have vv. ll. kuladhaṃsana and kusajantuno. Should it be read as kulaṅgāraka? Cp. gandhina; —geha clanhouse, i.e. father’s house DhA. I, 49. —tanti in kulatantikulapaveṇi-rakkhako anujāto putto “one who keeps up the line & tradition of the family” J. VI, 380; —dattika (and °dattiya) given by the family or clan J. III, 221 (°sāmika); IV, 146 (where DhA. I, 346 reads °santaka), 189 (°kambala); VI, 348 (pati). —dāsī a female slave in a respectable family Vin. II, 10; VvA. 196; —dūsaka one who brings a family into bad repute Sn. 89; DhA. II, 109; —dvāra the door of a family Sn. 288; —dhītā the daughter of a respectable family Vin. II, 10; DhA. III, 172; VvA. 6; PvA. 112; —pasāda the favour received by a family, °ka one who enjoys this favour A. I, 25, cp. SnA 165, opp. of kuladūsaka; —putta a clansman, a (young) man of good family, fils de famille, cp. Low Ger. haussohn; a gentleman, man of good birth. As 2nd characteristic of a Brahmin (with sujāto as 1st) in formula at D. I, 93, 94≈; Vin. I, 15, 43, 185, 288, 350; M. I, 85≈(in kāmānaṃ ādīnavo passage), 192, 210, 463; A. II, 249; J. I, 82; VI, 71; It. 89; VvA. 128; PvA. 12, 29; —macchariya selfishness concerning one’s family, touchiness about his clan D. III, 234 (in list of 5 kinds of selfishness); also to be read at Dhs. 1122 for kusala°; —vaṃsa lineage, progeny M. II, 181; A. III, 43; IV, 61; DA. I, 256; expressions for the keeping up of the lineage or its neglect are: °ṭhapana D. III, 189; PvA. 5; nassati or nāseti J. IV, 69; VvA. 149; upacchindati PvA. 31, 82; —santaka belonging to one’s family, property of the clan J. I, 52; DhA. I, 346 (where J. IV, 146 reads °dattika). (Page 222)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kula (कुल, “family”) as in kula-mada refers to “pride of family” and represents one of the eight forms of vainglory (mada), according to Samantabhadra in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra (with commentary of Prabhācandra). These eight madas are included in the twenty-five blemishes (dṛg-doṣas), which are generally held to be the eight madas, the three mūḍhatās, the six anāyatanas, and the eight doṣas.

(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Kula (कुल).—One of the ten types of ‘nursing services’ (vaiyāvrata)? What is meant by ‘the congregation of the common disciples’ (kula) of one teacher /preceptor? The lineage of disciples initiated into the monk-hood by the same head of the congregation called the congregation of the disciples of one teacher /preceptor.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kula (कुल).—n (S) Family, race, tribe. 2 S A herd or flock.

--- OR ---

kula (कुल).—a ( A) All. In comp. as kulajamā, kulakharca, kulavasūla, kulaināma, kulakānū, kulabāba, kulabābatī. Other compounds of less obvious signification follow in order.

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kulā (कुला).—m A buttock. Pr. rikāmā sutāra kulētāsī. kulā bāhēra paḍalā A covert or delicate way of speaking about prolapsus ani (i. e. something in the neighborhood of kulā). kulē thōpaṭaṇēṃ To clap the buttocks in triumph or in joy. kulyāvara kulā yēṇēṃ To get fat. mātīcē kulē kōṭhēṃ lāvalyānēṃ lāgatāta? Can any acquirement or adventitious good sit as appropriately as an endowment or excellency of nature?

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kūḷa (कूळ).—n (kula S) A family, a race, a tribe. Pr. kuḷāsa khōḍa santānāsa vēḍa (nasāvēṃ). 2 A lessee or tenant or the contracting farmer with reference to the Surkar or lessor; a debtor with reference to the Banker; an engaging man with reference to his Security; a patient with reference to the Physician; a client with reference to the Advocate; and sometimes, a protégé with reference to his Patron; i. e. the tenant, debtor, patient &c. of. The word preeminently respects a Family or an individual paying revenue to Government. For compounds see all those under kula, changing the u into ū and the la into ळ. kūḷa uddharaṇēṃ g. of o. To curse or abuse the whole ancestry of. kuḷālā ḍāga lāvaṇēṃ To bring a stain upon the family.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kula (कुल).—n Family, race. A herd. a All. In comp. kulajamā, kulakharca &c.

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kula (कुल) [-llā, -ल्ला].—m A buttock.

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kūḷa (कूळ).—n A family. A lessee; a debtor. kūḷa uddharaṇēṃ Curse or abuse the whole an- cestry of.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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