Upasthayaka, aka: Upasthāyaka; 3 Definition(s)


Upasthayaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Upasthayaka in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Upasthāyaka (उपस्थायक) refers to the “assistants” of the Buddha, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLI. Accordingly, “the assistants (upasthāyaka) such as Lo-t’o (Rādha), Mi-hi-kia (Meghika), Siu-na-tch’a-to-lo (Sunakṣetra), Na-k’ie-so-p’o-lo (Nāgasamāla), A-nan (Ānanda), etc., who followed the Buddha, brought him his utensils”.

Notes: Each Buddha had his assistant (upasthāyaka), a monk specially attached to his person, entrusted with fanning him, carrying his robe and bowl for alms-round, introducing visitors. The Sanskrit Mahāvadānasūtra has drawn up a list of the assistants who served the last seven Buddhas: Aśoka for Vipaśyin, Kṣemakāra for Śikhin, Upaśanta for Viśvabhuj, Bhadrika for Krakasunda (or Krakucchanda), Svastika for Kanakamuni, Sarvamitra for Kāśyapa, and finally Ānanda for Śākyamuni.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upasthayaka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Upasthāyaka (उपस्थायक).—

1) A servant.

2) A follower of Buddha.

Derivable forms: upasthāyakaḥ (उपस्थायकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upasthāyaka (उपस्थायक).—m., f. °ikā; rarely (Divy 426.27; MSV i.30.10; 90.7) m. °ika (once also upasthāka, q.v.; Sanskrit seems to have m. °ika very rarely, see pw, but no °aka; Pali only upaṭṭhāka recorded), servant, attendant: SP 95.9 (verse) °kā nitya parasya; 215.6 bhagavataś caite putrā bhagavataś copasthāyakā(ḥ); 245.1 te buddhā bhagavanta upasthāyakadvitīyā upasthāyakatṛtīyā(ḥ); 293.4; LV 91.17 (verse) upasthāyikās (f.) te vayaṃ, and 19; 421.18 (verse), read, teṣa munina ye (ed. muninaye) upasthāyakāḥ; Mv i.249.1 °yako; 251.22 Ānando…upasthāyako (sc. of Śākyamuni) bhaviṣyati; 322.18 teṣāṃ (of aged parents) nāsty anyo upasthāyako, and similarly ii.214.5; i.326.5 ff. °yako, attendant of a Buddha (like Ānanda, above); f. °yikā ii.433.14; °yikāye (so read with v.l. for °yakāye) 467.3; (chandako…bhagavato kumārabhūtasya) upas- thāyako iii.91.8; vaidyabhaiṣajyopasthāyaka-…pratya- yasaṃpadam Gv 328.8; upasthāyaka Divy 35.25; 50.27 (glānopa°); 90.13 (buddhānāṃ); 612.2 (Ānando nāma śramaṇagautamasya); in 426.27 upasthāyikāś, n. pl. m., all mss., while in 29 below all have vaidyopasthāyakāś ca visarjitāḥ, of the same persons.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ānanda (आनन्द).—m. (-ndaḥ) 1. Happiness, joy. 2. Balarama according to the Jaina system of many...
Aśoka (अशोक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Cheerful, not sorrowful. m. (-kaḥ) A tree commonly Asoka (Jone...
1) Kāśyapa (काश्यप) is the name of a Buddha whose “assistant” (upasthāyaka) was named Sarvamitr...
Svastika (स्वस्तिक).—mn. (-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. A temple or mansion of a particular form with a portico ...
Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—m. (-niḥ) A name of Budd'Ha, the real or supposed founder of the Baudd'h...
Upaśānta (उपशान्त).—mfn. (-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Calm, tranquil. 2. Appeased, pacified. 3. Diminish...
Rādha (राध) is the name of an “assistant” (upasthāyaka) of Buddha Śākyamuni, according to the 2...
Bhadrikā (भद्रिका).—f. (-kā) 1. An amulet. 2. Name of the second, seventh and twenty days of a ...
Śikhin (शिखिन्).—mfn. (-khī-khinī-khi) 1. Crested. 2. Having a lock of hair on the top of the h...
Chandaka (छन्दक).—(1) nt. (= Pali id.; from chanda plus ka; see also chanda-yācaka), ‘free-wil...
Guhyaka (गुह्यक), literally “hidden beings”, are Demi-Gods who, like the Yakṣas, are the attend...
Kanakamuni (कनकमुनि).—(Tibetan gser thub, gold muni), also Kanaka (Mmk 130.4, prose, Kanakādyai...
Vipaśyin (विपश्यिन्).—m. (-śyī) A Baudd'ha saint, the first of the seven principal Baudd'has. E...
Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द) or Krakuchanda.—(1) (= Pali Kakusaṃdha), also written Krakutsanda (...
Kṣemakara (क्षेमकर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Propitious, conferring happiness or good fortune. E. kṣ...

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