Amurta, Amūrta: 15 definitions
Amurta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Amurt.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Amūrta (अमूर्त, “formless”) refers to a classification of units (Cf. Bruno Dagens, Mānasāra II, 40-53).—The units upto yava belong to the former class and the rest to the latter. About the amūrta class of units, he comments thus: “As for the amūrta class, the barley grain is the only unit of common practical use and may have been the original lower natural standard. The other ones (louse, nit, tip of a hair, speck of dust) are no more than the necessary steps to allow regression down to the infinitesimal which may be seen only by the best of the Yogins; the epithet amūrta applied to such units by the classical astronomical text Sūrya Siddhānta shows well their purely theoretical or, better, intellectual character”.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)
Amūrta (अमूर्त) or Amūrtaguṇa refers to a classification of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to the Vaiśeṣikadarśanam with Praśastapādabhāṣya and the Bhāṣāpariccheda.—Guṇas are also divided into mūrtaguṇa, amūrtaguṇa and mūrtāmūrtaguṇa. These divisions are found in the Praśastapādabhāṣya and also in the Bhāṣāpariccheda. Cognition, pleasure, pain, desire, aversion, merit, demerit and sound are amūrtaguṇas i.e., these guṇas abide in unlimited things.
Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Amūrta (अमूर्त) refers to “one without a body” and is used to describe Rāhu, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Some say that Rāhu, the asura, though his head was cut, dies not but lives in the shape of a planet having tasted of ambrosia. That he has a disc like the sun and moon and as that disc is black it is invisible when in the sky except on the occasion of eclipses in virtue of a boon from Brahmā. Others say that he resembles a serpent in shape with his head severed from his tail; a few that he is bodiless [i.e., amūrta], that he is mere darkness and that he is the son of Siṃhikā. [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Amūrta (अमूर्त) refers to “that which is without form”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] The supreme form is flawless, pervasive and facing everywhere. It can be perceived as the bliss of contemplation, the mark of which is supreme bliss. Free of the qualities of form and the rest and devoid of limiting adjuncts and meditation—this, O fair one, is the non-dual vision of you directly apparent. This is the supreme meditation with form (mūrta) whose characteristic is that it is without form [i.e., amūrta-lakṣaṇa]. You are in this way supreme, subtle, pervasive, and facing in all directions. The second (form) is called the Coiled One who resides equally in the (Wheel of the) Foundation and (the other Wheels) above”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)
Amūrta (अमूर्त) refers to “(that which is) devoid of material form”, according to the Vṛtti on the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.165.—Accordingly, “[...] And whereas that which is external to the house is next to the house, it is absolutely not the case as regards that which is [external] to consciousness, because of the impossibility for [consciousness]—which is devoid of material form (amūrta)—of having any spatial relation whatsoever such as proximity. Therefore this [externality] that must be established appears to be one thanks to a mere similarity”.Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Amūrta (अमूर्त) or Amūrtatva refers to “formless”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 21.2-5]—“O Deva, if [mantras] consist of the nature of Śiva, [which is] ubiquitous , formless, and [if he] does not perform action , how can [mantras] be agents of action? And how do they create a state [in which one] performs them [when they are] formless (amūrta-tva)? Who does [that performance] without an individual body? Speak, O Lord. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch
Amūrta (अमूर्त) refers to “(that which is) formless”, according to the Muṇḍakopaniṣad 2.1.2-3:.—Accordingly, while describing Brahma and the mind: “For, the [cosmic] man is divine, formless (amūrta), outside and inside [of everything], unborn, breathless, mindless, radiant and higher than the highest imperishable one”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Amūrta (अमूर्त) refers to the “non-matter” or “formless” (as opposed to Amūrta—‘matter/material’), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the connection of matter and non-matter (mūrtāmūrtasaṃbandham)]—In this world, the body which is material, absolutely immobile [and] without that which is conscious, becomes confused, through ignorance, with that which is conscious, formless (amūrta) and mobile. This corporeal body is produced from a mass of atoms. An embodied soul has the nature of enjoyment, is beyond the senses [and] consists of knowing”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Amūrta (अमूर्त).—a. Formless, shapeless, incorporeal, unembodied (opp. mūrta where Muktā. says mūrtatvam = avacchinnaparimāṇa- vattvam) द्वै वाव ब्रह्मणो रूपे मूर्त चामूर्त च (dvai vāva brahmaṇo rūpe mūrta cāmūrta ca) Bṛ. Up.2.3.1.
-rtaḥ Name of Śiva.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Amūrta (अमूर्त).—adj. incorporeal, Bhāṣāp. 87; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 70.
Amūrta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and mūrta (मूर्त).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Amūrta (अमूर्त):—[=a-mūrta] mfn. formless, shapeless, unembodied, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Upaniṣad] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] not forming one body, consisting of different parts, [Sūryasiddhānta]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Amūrta (अमूर्त) [Also spelled amurt]:—(a) abstract; intangible, incorporeal; —[kalā] abstract art; —[kavitā] abstract poem; —[guṇa] abstract quality; —[tatva/~tā] abstraction; —[dṛśya-vidhāna/vinyāsa] abstract setting; ~[vāda] abstractionism; ~[vādī] abstractionist. (ic)
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] having no form or shape; shapeless; formless.
2) [adjective] (apart from actual material instances) existing only as a mental concept; not concrete; abstract.
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1) [noun] the state or quality of being formless or shapeless; absence of form.
2) [noun] that which has no physical form or shape.
3) [noun] the Supreme.
4) [noun] a form as of the qualities or properties of a thing, by mental separation from particular instances or material objects; an abstract form.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+9): Murta, Rayas, Amurtimat, Amurtarajas, Amurtarayasa, Amurtaguna, Amurtarupa, Amurtarajasa, Amurttam, Amurttattuvam, Asurtarajasa, Murt, Formless, Amurti, Amurtasadakhya, Amurt, Dharmaranya, Tyad, Samurta, Jnanadipti.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Amurta, A-murta, A-mūrta, Amūrta; (plurals include: Amurtas, murtas, mūrtas, Amūrtas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Taittiriya Upanishad Bhashya Vartika (by R. Balasubramanian)
Verse 1.124 < [Book 1 - Śīkṣāvallī]
Verse 2.403 < [Book 2 - Brahmavallī]
Verse 2.388 < [Book 2 - Brahmavallī]
Mandukya Upanishad (by Kenneth Jaques)
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 2.7 - Three kinds of pāriṇāmika-bhāva < [Chapter 2 - Category of the Living]
Verse 5.10 - The space-points of material substance < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Verse 5.16 - The contraction and expansion of the soul < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Part 7 - Sūrya (the Supreme Reality) < [Chapter 2 - Salient Traits of the Solar Divinities in the Veda]
Jain Science and Spirituality (by Medhavi Jain)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 262 - Jñāna-Yoga Explained < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 261 - Dhyānayoga < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 263 - Origin of Matsyendranātha (Matsyendra-nātha) < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]