Svastika, 6 Definition(s)
1a) Svastika (स्वस्तिक).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this svastika-karaṇa is as follows, “hands and feet respectively held together in the Svastika form.”. A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).
1b) A gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘combined hands’ (saṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. Svastika is also the name for a type of gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘dance hands’ (nṛttahasta). The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).
1c) A specific gesture (āṅgika), or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).
The term nāṭyaśāstra is the name of the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects.
Svastika (स्वस्तिक).—A Nāga in the fifth talam or mahātalam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 36.
Svastika (स्वस्तिक) is another name (synonym) for Śitāvarī, which is a Sanskrit name for a plant. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.50-51), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.
1) Svastika (स्वस्तिक):—One of the eight types of villages, according to Chapter 9 of the Mānasāra (called the grāmalakṣaṇam). The Mānasāra is one of the traditional authorative Hindu treatises on Vāstuśāstra. The form of this village is said to be tattadrūpeṇa, which means it represents the form of the meaning of its Sanskrit name.
2) Svastika (स्वस्तिक) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Vairāja, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Vairāja group contains twenty-four out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). The group represents temples (eg. Svastika) that are to be square shaped. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Svastika is mentioned in another list from the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56, being part of the group named Lalita, containing 25 unique temple varieties.
Svastika is also mentioned as a classification of ‘temple’ in the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.
Svastika is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Triviṣṭapa, featuring octagonal-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.
3) Svastika (स्वस्तिक) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (5th-century guidebook on Dravidian architecture). It is part of the Divatala (two-storey) group of prāsādas.
The Svastika variety has the following specifications and decorative motif components:
Number of talas (levels): 2;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Square;
Number of śālas: 4;
Number of kūṭas: 4;
Number of pañajaras: 8;
Number of alpanāsis: 48;
Number of mahānāsis: 4;
The Svastika is also a variation of the Tritala (three-storey) group:
Number of talas (levels): 3;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Square;
Number of śālas: 8;
Number of kūṭas: 8;
Number of pañjaras: 8;
Number of alpanāsis: 96;
The Vāstuśāstras (composed of vāstu, ‘building’ and śāstra, ‘instruction’) represent a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with architecture and construction.
1) One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-four combined Hands).—Svastika (crossed): two Patāka hands held together at the wrists. Usage: crocodile, timid speech, dispute, praising.
2) One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Svastika (crossed): Tripatāka hands crossed on the left side. Patron deity Guha. Usage: Wishing-tree, mountains.
Svastikaliṅga (स्वस्तिकलिङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the classes of mānuṣali...
Muṣṭikasvastika (मुष्टिकस्वस्तिक).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (n...
Pṛṣṭhasvastika (पृष्ठस्वस्तिक).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentione...
1) Svastikarecita (स्वस्तिकरेचित).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) menti...
Maṇḍalasvastika (मण्डलस्वस्तिक).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mention...
Vakṣaḥsvastika (वक्षःस्वस्तिक).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentione...
Ardhasvastika (अर्धस्वस्तिक).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned ...
Diksvastika (दिक्स्वस्तिक).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in...
Pārśvasvastika (पार्श्वस्वस्तिक).—One of the 32 aṅgahāras (major dance movement) menti...
One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-four combined Hands).—Kartarī-svastika (crossed ar...
One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Muṣṭi-svastika (crossed fists...
Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन, “svastiaka posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to ...
Vajrasvastika (वज्रस्वस्तिक):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘templ...
Cakrasvastika (चक्रस्वस्तिक):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘templ...
The Padasvastika-asana is an Asana (position of body). The weight is supported on one leg, w...
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