Svati, aka: Svātī, Svāti; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Svati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Svati in Jyotisha glossaries]

Svāti (चित्रा):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Svātinakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Svāti means “very good” and is associated with the deity known as Vāyu (God of breath/air). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Rāhu (north lunar node).

Indian zodiac: |6°40'| – |20° Tulā|
Tulā (तुला, “balance”) corresponds to Libra.

Western zodiac: |2°40'| – |16° Scorpio|
Scorpio corresponds with Vṛścika (वृश्चिक, “scorpion”)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana

[Svati in Purana glossaries]

Svāti (स्वाति) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa verse 701 and 779. As regards the heavenly bodies, the Nīlamata refers to the sun, the moon, the planets and the stars. The divisions of the time are also mentioned as objects of worship.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Svāti (स्वाति).—A grandson of Cākṣuṣa Manu. Ten sons were born to Cākṣuṣa Manu, by his wife Naḍvalā. Svāti was the son of his son Ūru by his wife Āgneyī. Śvāti had five brothers named Aṅga, Sumanas, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Svāti (स्वाति).—The performance of śrāddha in this nakṣatra, gives one profits in trade.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 130; 66. 49; 82. 8.

1b) A son of Meghasvāti (Andhra) ruled for 18 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 6.

1c) A son of Dhvajinīvan and father of Ruśanku.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 2.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[Svati in Vastushastra glossaries]

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to the fifteenth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., svāti) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Svati in Natyashastra glossaries]

Svāti (स्वाति) is the name of a sage who connected clouds with the sounds of drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds. The high sounding cloud named Vidyujjihva gave note to Vāma (Vāmaka), the great cloud named Airāvaṇa to Ūrdhvaka, the rain-cloud named Taḍit to Āliṅgya, the Puṣkara cloud to the Dakṣiṇa, and Kokila to the Vāma ( Vāmaka) and (the cloud named) Nandi to the drum named Āliṅgya and the cloud name Siddhi to Āṅkika and Piṅgala to Āliṅgya. Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Svati in Hinduism glossaries]

Svātī (स्वाती) or Niṣṭyā is later clearly the brilliant star Arcturus or α Bootis, its place in the north being assured by the notice in the Śāntikalpa, where it is said to be ‘ever traversing the northern way’ (nityam uttara-mārgagam). The Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa, however, constructs an asterismal Prajāpati, giving him Citrā (α Virginis) for head, Hasta (Corvus) for hand, the Viśākhe (α and β Libræ) for thighs, and the Anūrādhās (β, δ, and π Scorpionis) for standing place, with Niṣṭyā for heart. But Arcturus, being 30° out, spoils this figure, while, on the other hand, the Arabic and Chinese systems have respectively, instead of Arcturus, ι, κ, and λ Virginis and κ Virginis, which would well fit into the Prajāpati figure.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Svati in Mahayana glossaries]

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Svāti is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese K’ang, Tibetan Sa-ri and modern Bootis.

Svāti is classified in the third group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (eg., Svāti), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse, this trembling extends as far as the Garuḍa. Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are unjust”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Svati in Jainism glossaries]

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to the “lower part alone symmetrical” and represents one of the six types of Saṃsthāna (structure karma), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which in turn represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by ‘the lower part alone symmetrical’ (svāti) body (saṃsthāna) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes only the lower part alone symmetrical structure of the body accomplished are called the only lower part symmetrical body-making karma. 

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

[Svati in India history glossaries]

Svāti (r. 37-19 BCE) is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lineage (known as Andhra in the Purāṇas) once ruled much of the Deccan region and several of the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) were carved in the 3rd century BCE when the region was ruled by kings (eg., Svāti) and descendants of the Sātavāhana kings. Svāti was preceded by Meghasvāti and succeeded by Skandasvāti.

(Source): Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Svati in Marathi glossaries]

svātī (स्वाती).—f pl (S) The fifteenth lunar asterism or (as it consists but of one star) the star Arcturus. svātīcā pāūsa The rain which falls under this asterism. Said to produce pearls.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svātī (स्वाती).—f pl The 15th lunar asterism.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Svati in Sanskrit glossaries]

Svāti (स्वाति) or Svātī (स्वाती).—f. [svenaiva atati at in strītvapakṣe vā ṅīp]

1) One of the wives of the sun.

2) A sword.

3) An auspicious constellation.

4) The star Arcturus, considered as forming the fifteenth lunar asterism; स्वात्यां सागरशुक्तिसंपुटगतं सन्मौक्तिकं जायते (svātyāṃ sāgaraśuktisaṃpuṭagataṃ sanmauktikaṃ jāyate) Bh.2.67.

Derivable forms: svātiḥ (स्वातिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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