Svati, Svātī, Svāti: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Svati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Svāti (स्वाति):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Svātinakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Svāti means “very good” and is associated with the deity known as Vāyu (God of breath/air). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Rāhu (north lunar node).

Indian zodiac: |6°40'| – |20° Tulā|
Tulā (तुला, “balance”) corresponds to Libra.

Western zodiac: |2°40'| – |16° Scorpio|
Scorpio corresponds with Vṛścika (वृश्चिक, “scorpion”)

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Svāti (स्वाति) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa verse 701 and 779. As regards the heavenly bodies, the Nīlamata refers to the sun, the moon, the planets and the stars. The divisions of the time are also mentioned as objects of worship.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Svāti (स्वाति).—A grandson of Cākṣuṣa Manu. Ten sons were born to Cākṣuṣa Manu, by his wife Naḍvalā. Svāti was the son of his son Ūru by his wife Āgneyī. Śvāti had five brothers named Aṅga, Sumanas, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Svāti (स्वाति).—The performance of śrāddha in this nakṣatra, gives one profits in trade.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 130; 66. 49; 82. 8.

1b) A son of Meghasvāti (Andhra) ruled for 18 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 6.

1c) A son of Dhvajinīvan and father of Ruśanku.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to the fifteenth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., svāti) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Svāti (स्वाति) is the name of a sage who connected clouds with the sounds of drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds. The high sounding cloud named Vidyujjihva gave note to Vāma (Vāmaka), the great cloud named Airāvaṇa to Ūrdhvaka, the rain-cloud named Taḍit to Āliṅgya, the Puṣkara cloud to the Dakṣiṇa, and Kokila to the Vāma ( Vāmaka) and (the cloud named) Nandi to the drum named Āliṅgya and the cloud name Siddhi to Āṅkika and Piṅgala to Āliṅgya. Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Svātī (स्वाती) or Niṣṭyā is later clearly the brilliant star Arcturus or α Bootis, its place in the north being assured by the notice in the Śāntikalpa, where it is said to be ‘ever traversing the northern way’ (nityam uttara-mārgagam). The Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa, however, constructs an asterismal Prajāpati, giving him Citrā (α Virginis) for head, Hasta (Corvus) for hand, the Viśākhe (α and β Libræ) for thighs, and the Anūrādhās (β, δ, and π Scorpionis) for standing place, with Niṣṭyā for heart. But Arcturus, being 30° out, spoils this figure, while, on the other hand, the Arabic and Chinese systems have respectively, instead of Arcturus, ι, κ, and λ Virginis and κ Virginis, which would well fit into the Prajāpati figure.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Svāti is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese K’ang, Tibetan Sa-ri and modern Bootis.

Svāti is classified in the third group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (e.g., Svāti), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse, this trembling extends as far as the Garuḍa. Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are unjust”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Svāti).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Svātī (स्वाती) refers to the fifteenth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Svātī] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Svātī is given the colour yellow].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to an auspicious constellation for rain, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] after [Vajranābha] had circumambulated three times the Lord of the World and bowed to him, he sat down behind Śakra like a younger brother. Chief of the laymen, he listened to the sermon which resembled rain at the time of Svāti, producing the pearl of enlightenment in the pearl-oysters of the minds of the souls capable of emancipation”.

Note: Each constellation is supposed to have a specific influence on the rain fall. If rain falls at the pearl-beds near Ceylon at the time of Svāti, it turns into pearls in 9 days, according to tradition.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Svāti (स्वाति) refers to the “lower part alone symmetrical” and represents one of the six types of Saṃsthāna (structure karma), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which in turn represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by ‘the lower part alone symmetrical’ (svāti) body (saṃsthāna) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes only the lower part alone symmetrical structure of the body accomplished are called the only lower part symmetrical body-making karma. 

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity

Svāti (r. 37-19 BCE) is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lineage (known as Andhra in the Purāṇas) once ruled much of the Deccan region and several of the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) were carved in the 3rd century BCE when the region was ruled by kings (e.g., Svāti) and descendants of the Sātavāhana kings. Svāti was preceded by Meghasvāti and succeeded by Skandasvāti.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svātī (स्वाती).—f pl (S) The fifteenth lunar asterism or (as it consists but of one star) the star Arcturus. svātīcā pāūsa The rain which falls under this asterism. Said to produce pearls.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svātī (स्वाती).—f pl The 15th lunar asterism.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svāti (स्वाति) or Svātī (स्वाती).—f. [svenaiva atati at in strītvapakṣe vā ṅīp]

1) One of the wives of the sun.

2) A sword.

3) An auspicious constellation.

4) The star Arcturus, considered as forming the fifteenth lunar asterism; स्वात्यां सागरशुक्तिसंपुटगतं सन्मौक्तिकं जायते (svātyāṃ sāgaraśuktisaṃpuṭagataṃ sanmauktikaṃ jāyate) Bh.2.67.

Derivable forms: svātiḥ (स्वातिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Svāti (स्वाति).—(perhaps = Pali Sāti ?), name of a monk: Mahā-Māyūrī 219.28 et al.; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.202.13 ff.; 285.10; 286.13; 287.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāti (स्वाति).—f. (-tiḥ-tī) 1. One of the wives of the sun. 2. The star Arcturus, or fifteenth lunar asterism, consisting of but one star. 3. An auspicious constellation. 4. A sword. 5. A bird. E. su well, auspiciously, at to go or be, aff. in .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāti (स्वाति).—svātī or svātī, f. 1. One of the wives of the sun. 2. The star Arcturus, or fifteenth lunar asterism. 3. An auspicious constellation, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 57. 4. A sword.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāti (स्वाति).—[feminine] [Name] of a constellation.

--- OR ---

Svātī (स्वाती).—[feminine] [Name] of a constellation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svāti (स्वाति):—f. (of unknown derivation) Name of the star Arcturus (as forming the 13th and 15th lunar asterism; also svātī [plural] svātyaḥ), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) Name of one of the wives of the Sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a sword, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) m. Name of a son of Uru and Āgneyī ([varia lectio] khyāti), [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) of Megha-svāti, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) mfn. born under the star Arcturus, [Pāṇini 4-3, 34.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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