Svayambhuva, Svāyambhuva, Svāyaṃbhuva, Svayam-bhuva: 15 definitions


Svayambhuva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svayambhuva in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Svāyambhuva (स्वायम्भुव).—A name of Nārada.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 6. 3.

1b) (see Manu)1 the Devas are Yāmas, the sages are Marīci and six others besides his ten sons; all engaged in Pratisarga and attained the final bliss;2 Pṛthu milked the cow-earth with the help of Svāyambhuva Manu in his hand; to his family belonged a Prajāpati Aṅga;3 came out of the first face and of white colour;4 married Śatarūpā.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 53-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 119; 109. 5.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 3-6.
  • 3) Ib. 10. 3, 15.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 26. 32; 61. 119; 109. 5.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 36; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 11-12.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Svāyaṃbhuva (स्वायंभुव) or “Manu-Svāyaṃbhuva” refers to the male portion of Brahmā after he split himself into two, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “Brahmā was ordered by Śiva to create. After mental creation Brahmā desired to have progeny by sexual union (maithuna prabhava). He divides himself in two—male portion and female portion. The male portion is known as Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and the female portion became Śatarūpā. By penance Śatarūpā got Manu as her husband. As a result two sons—Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and two daughters—Ākūti and Prasūti were born. [...]

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svayambhuva in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Svāyambhuva (स्वायम्भुव) or Svāyambhuvāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (e.g., svāyambhuva).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Svayambhuva in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Svayambhuvā (स्वयम्भुवा) is another name for Dhūmrapatrā, a medicinal plant identified with Nicotiana tabacum Linn. or “cultivated tobacco” from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.34-35 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Svayambhuvā and Dhūmrapatrā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svayambhuva in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Svayaṃbhuva (स्वयंभुव) refers to “self-existent”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Akula is said to be the principle that, self-existent (svayaṃbhuva), does not require Kula in order to exist. It is Śiva, the supreme cause. Kula is that from which the universe arises. It is that in which it is established and where it is dissolved away. That Kula is said to be Kaula”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Svayaṃbhuva (स्वयंभुव) refers to the “self-existent one”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “[...] [He should visualize] a seed of knowledge [representing] the self-existent one (svayaṃbhuva) (viz., hūm) at the center of a lotus on a sun [disk] in [his] heart. Then he should emit rays of various colors, [which] fill the sky. Having attracted an assembly of deities formed by Jñānaḍākinī, he should make the Lord of the world seated at the center of a hollow space in the sky. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svayambhuva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svāyaṃbhuva (स्वायंभुव).—a. (- f.)

1) Relating to Brahman; तुरासाहं पुरोधाय धाम स्वायंभुवं ययुः (turāsāhaṃ purodhāya dhāma svāyaṃbhuvaṃ yayuḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.1.

2) Descended from Brahman; स्वायंभुवान्मरीचेर्यः प्रवभूव प्रजापतिः (svāyaṃbhuvānmarīceryaḥ pravabhūva prajāpatiḥ) Ś.7.9.

-vaḥ An epithet of the first Manu (as he was a son of Brahman).

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Svayambhuva (स्वयम्भुव).—

1) the first Manu.

2) Name of Brahman.

3) of Śiva.

Derivable forms: svayambhuvaḥ (स्वयम्भुवः).

Svayambhuva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svayam and bhuva (भुव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svayambhuva (स्वयम्भुव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. The first Manu. 2. Brahma. 3. Siva. E. svayam self, bhū to be or exist, aff. ka; or svayambha Brahma, and aṇ pleonasm or patronymic aff.

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Svāyambhuva (स्वायम्भुव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) 1. Relating to Swayambhu. 2. Derived from the self-born. m.

(-vaḥ) An epithet of the first Manu, the son of Swayambhu. E. svayambhū, and aṇ aff.; also svāyambhū .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāyambhuva (स्वायम्भुव).—i. e. svayaṃbhū + a, I. adj. 1. Relating to Brahman. 2. Descended from Brahman. Ii. m. The son of Brahman, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 168; epithet of the first Manu, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 61; 63.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svayaṃbhuva (स्वयंभुव).—[adjective] = seq. adj.

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Svāyaṃbhuva (स्वायंभुव).—1. [adjective] relating to Svayambhū (Brahman) or Svāyambhuva (v. seq.).

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Svāyaṃbhuva (स्वायंभुव).—2. [masculine] patr. of the first Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Svāyaṃbhuva (स्वायंभुव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a śaiva Tantra. Quoted by Rāmakaṇṭha in Nareśvaraparīkṣāprakāśa, who also mentions a vṛtti, by Hemādri in Vratakhaṇḍa p. 60, in Dānakhaṇḍa p. 136, by Raghunandana in Tithitattva, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svayambhuva (स्वयम्भुव):—[=svayam-bhuva] [from svayam > sva] mfn. = -bhū, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the first Manu ([wrong reading] for svāyam-bh), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Svayambhuvā (स्वयम्भुवा):—[=svayam-bhuvā] [from svayam-bhuva > svayam > sva] f. a kind of shrub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Svāyambhuva (स्वायम्भुव):—mfn. ([from] svayambhū) relating to Svayam-bhū or the Self-existent, derived from the Self-existent (id est. Brahman), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) relating to or derived from Manu Svāyambhuva, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

6) m. ‘son of Svayam-bhū’, Name of various sages ([especially] of the first Manu, of Marīci, Atri, Nārada etc.), [ib.]

7) n. Name of a Śaiva Tantra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svayambhuva (स्वयम्भुव):—[svaya-mbhuva] (vaḥ) 1. m. Id.; first Menu.

2) Svāyambhuva (स्वायम्भुव):—[(vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) a.] Of the selfborn. m. Swayambhu's son.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svayambhuva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svayambhuva in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svāyaṃbhuva (ಸ್ವಾಯಂಭುವ):—

1) [noun] (myth.) the first of the fourteen Manus, the forefathers of the mankind.

2) [noun] name of one of the twenty eight Śaivaāgamas.

3) [noun] a kind of vīṇe (a stringed musical isntrument).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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