Svayamvara, aka: Svayaṃvara, Svayam-vara; 7 Definition(s)


Svayamvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Svayamvara in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर).—A sub-section of Ādi Parva in Mahābhārata. This sub-section comprises Chapters 183 to 191 of Ādi Parva.

2) Svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर).—A Kṣatriya custom of princesses selecting their husbands themselves. There are three kinds of Svayaṃvara. These three types are stipulated for Kings only. The first type is Icchāsvayamvara, the second one is Savyavasthāsvayaṃvara and the third is Śauryaśulkasvayaṃvara. No condition is attached to Icchāsvayaṃvara. Anybody may be chosen as husband according to the wish of the bride. Damayantī Svayaṃvara is an example of this. In the second it will be stipulated that the bridegroom will have to possess certain qualifications. In Sītā-Svayaṃvara Śrī Rāma drew the bow of Tryambaka, and married Sītā. This is an example of the second type of Svayaṃvara. The third type is meant for adventurous heroes. Arjuna’s marrying Subhadrā is an example of the third type of Svayaṃvara. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 3).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर).—A form of marriage by which Kṛṣṇa married a good number of women;1 of Draupadī;2 of Lakṣmaṇā.3

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 18. 88; V. 28. 6; Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 29; X. 52. 16.
  • 2) Ib. X. 57. 10 [1].
  • 3) Ib. X. 58. 57.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Svayamvara in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर).—The ceremony in which a princess is allowed to choose her husband.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

India history and geogprahy

Svayaṃvara.—(EI 8), the bride's selection of her husband. Note: svayaṃvara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Svayamvara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर).—m n (S) The choosing, by a female, of a man to be her husband.

--- OR ---

svayaṃvarā (स्वयंवरा).—f (S) A female that chooses her own husband.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर).—m n The choosing of a spouse by a female.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svayamvara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svayaṃvara (स्वयंवर).—self-choice, self-election (of a husband by the bride herself), choicemarriage.

Derivable forms: svayaṃvaraḥ (स्वयंवरः).

Svayaṃvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svayam and vara (वर).

--- OR ---

Svayaṃvarā (स्वयंवरा).—a maiden who chooses her own husband; ततस्ते शुश्रुवुः कृष्णां पञ्चलेषु स्वयंवराम् (tataste śuśruvuḥ kṛṣṇāṃ pañcaleṣu svayaṃvarām) Mb.1.61.3.

Svayaṃvarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svayam and varā (वरा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 803 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vara (वर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Best, excellent. 2. Eldest. m. (-raḥ) 1. A boon, a blessing, e...
Svayambhu (स्वयम्भु).—m. (-mbhuḥ) Brahma. E. svayam + bhū-ḍu aff.: see svayambhū .--- OR --- Sv...
Varada (वरद).—mfn. (-daḥ-dā-daṃ) 1. Granting a prayer, conferring a boon. 2. Propitious, favour...
Vararuci (वररुचि).—m. (-ciḥ) A poet and philosopher, one of the ornaments of the court of Bhoja...
Varāṅganā (वराङ्गना).—f. (-nā) A lovely woman. E. vara best, aṅganā a woman.--- OR --- Vārāṅgan...
Budhavāra (बुधवार).—m. (-raḥ) Wednesday, E. budh Mercury, and vāra a day.
Somavāra (सोमवार) refers to “monday”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14. Accordingly, “it is sa...
Bhānuvāra (भानुवार) refers to “sunday” and is also known as Ādityavāra, as defined in the Śivap...
Varadāna (वरदान).—A holy place near Dvārakā. It was here that Durvāsas gave Bhagavān Śrī Kṛṣṇa ...
Svayamprabha (स्वयम्प्रभ).—m. (-bhaḥ) A Jaina of the future era. E. svayam self, prabha illustr...
Svayam (स्वयम्).—Ind. Self, spontaneously, of one’s own self or own accord, (this word is appli...
Varāṅga (वराङ्ग).—adj. (Sanskrit vara-aṅga; in Sanskrit recorded as Bhvr. only in a gloss in Am...
Śanivāra (शनिवार).—m. (-raḥ) Saturday. E. śani the planet, and vāra in this and similar compoun...
Guruvāra (गुरुवार) refers to “thursday”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14. Accordingly, “it is...
Vārastrī (वारस्त्री).—f. (-strī) A whore. E. vāra the many, strī a woman, a common woman.

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