Sthavaralinga, Sthavara-linga, Sthāvaraliṅga: 3 definitions

Introduction

Sthavaralinga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sthavaralinga in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Sthāvaraliṅga (स्थावरलिङ्ग) refers to one of two main classes of liṅgas: a symbol used in the worship of Śiva. It is also known as acalaliṅga or sthiraliṅga. This class represents the immovable liṅgas, as opposed to calaliṅga, which represents the movable. The term is used thoughout Śaiva literature.

According to the Suprabhedāgama, the acalaliṅgas are classified as follows:

  1. Svāyambhuvaliṅga,
  2. Pūrvaliṅga (or, Purāṇaliṅga),
  3. Daivataliṅga,
  4. Gāṇapatyaliṅga,
  5. Asuraliṅga,
  6. Suraliṅga,
  7. Āṛṣaliṅga,
  8. Rākṣasaliṅga,
  9. Mānuṣaliṅga,
  10. Bāṇaliṅga.

according to the Mānasāra:

  1. Śaivaliṅga,
  2. Pāśupataliṅga,
  3. Kālāmukhaliṅga,
  4. Vāmaliṅga,
  5. Bhairavaliṅga,
  6. (unkonwn variety).

According to the Makuṭāgama:

  1. Daivikaliṅga,
  2. Ārṣakaliṅga,
  3. Gāṇapaliṅga,
  4. Mānuṣaliṅga.

According to the Kāmikāgama:

  1. Svāyambhuvaliṅga,
  2. Daivikaliṅga,
  3. Ārṣakaliṅga,
  4. Gāṇapatyaliṅga,
  5. Mānuṣaliṅga,
  6. Bāṇaliṅga.
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sthavaralinga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sthāvaraliṅga (स्थावरलिङ्ग) or Acaraliṅga refers to “stationary liṅgas”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.19.—“all mobile phallic emblems (cara-liṅga) shall be a single whole. Stationary phallic images (acara-liṅga) shall be made of two pieces. This is the rule about broken and unbroken phallic images both immobile or mobile. The pedestal is the great Māyā; the phallic image is lord Śiva. Hence in immobile image two-piece construction is recommended. This has been mentioned by those who know the principles of Śaiva cult that a stationary phallic image (sthāvara-liṅga) shall be made of two pieces”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

[«previous (S) next»] — Sthavaralinga in India history glossary
Source: Google Books: Inscriptions of Ancient Nepal: Inscriptions

Sthāvaraliṅga (स्थावरलिङ्ग).—The 9 sthāvara-liṅgas are:

  1. Swayambhu,
  2. Pūrva,
  3. Daivata,
  4. Gāṇapatya,
  5. Asura,
  6. Sura,
  7. Rākṣasa,
  8. Mānuṣa,
  9. and Vana.

This is classification of Suprabhedāgama.

Another text called Manasara counts amongst achala-lingas:—

  1. Saiva,
  2. Pasupata,
  3. Kalamukha,
  4. Varna
  5. and Bhairava.

As we have already observed the Swayambhu is most highly respected linga (uttama-uttama) followed by Daivata and Ganapata less respectful (uttama-madhyama) ard others come third in the hierarchy (madhya-madhama). The Swayambhu lingas 68 in number are scattered all over India according to the commentary on Jirṇodhára-darśana by Nigamajnānadeva. But no liṅga belonging to Nepal is available in this commentary.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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