Tadana, Tāḍana: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Tadana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Tāḍana (ताडन) or Tāḍanahasta refers to “punishing” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., tāḍana-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “beating (the earth) with darbha” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Tāḍana is mentioned in the Mataṅgapārameśvara (Kriyā-pāda, chap 4), Acintyaviśvasādākhya (chapter 14), Kiraṇa-āgama (kriyā-pāda, chpater 4), Pūrvakāmika-āgama (chapter 8) and the Ajita-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 21).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Tāḍana (ताडन) means “to make an impression” and represents one of the ten purifying rites of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these [sixty defects: ...], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes [i.e., tāḍana—to make an impression, presence, etc.] for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...] Just as the weapons rubbed on the stone are sharp, so the Mantras subjected to these ten processes acquire power”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “torture” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Bharaṇī will deal in precious stones, will be flesh eaters, will be wicked men; will delight in acts of killing and torture (vadha-bandha-tāḍana); will be dealers in pod grains; will be of low descent or weak-minded. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “punching”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “his collection of practices for mastering mantras for invisibility had grown”; “he was acquainted with a hundred tales about the marvels of the Śrīparvata mountain”; “his ear-cavities were punched (tāḍana) by those possessed by Piśāca-demons, who had run to him when struck by white mustard seed he had empowered with mantras more than once”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “clapping (of the hands)”, according to verse 3-52 of the Śivasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “Through the power of practice, the Yogin obtains Bhūcarī Siddhi, whereby he can move like the animals which are hard to catch when hands are clapped (pāṇi-tāḍana) [syāt pāṇitāḍanāt]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Tāḍana (ताडन, “beating”) refers to one of the mantra-defect elimination methods which consist in performing purification rites (saṃskāra), according to the Kulārṇava-tantra verse 15.71-2 and Śaradātilaka verse 2.114-22.—Beating (tāḍana) is described as:—The practitioner writes a mantra and sprinkles sandalwood water on each syllable while pronouncing the syllable yaṃ. [unverified translation!]

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Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to the “sounding of drums” (in order to lure the birds out of their waters), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “Those birds that have confidence in each other should be cast off together. This has such a charm that poets get bewildered. Drums are to be sounded (tāḍana) to make the waterfowl leave the water, so that the hawks may take them out of their element”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to one of the five kinds of purification rituals, according to the thirteenth chapter of the Agastyasaṃhitā (agastya-suīkṣṇa-saṃvāda edition), an ancient Pāñcarātra Āgama text dealing with the worship of Rāma, Sītā, Lakṣmaṇa and Hanumān.—[Cf. the pūjādravya-śuddhi]—Aagstya continues to describe the preliminary preparations for the worship of Rāma—that is, after having attended to all the preceding, to purify now the articles of worship with water and mudrās and mantras. There are five kinds of purifications mentioned: by prokṣaṇa, by avokṣaṇa, by vīkṣaṇa, by tāḍana and by arcana. This matter attended to, then the idol itself is purified by bathing it in liquids from four pots (milk, curd, coconut water, perfumed waters), whereupon a second bath is given in pure water. It is pointed out that whosoever does such bathing of the Lord daily will reap great rewards.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “beating (gold)” (out into flat sheets), according to the 8th-century Kuvalayamālā written by Uddyotanasūri, a Prakrit Campū (similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—There is a reference to gold of highest purity. Whatever impurity or dross was contained in the gold brought to the goldsmith was removed by the latter by subjecting it to different processes of testing it on the touch-stone, cutting, heating under regulated fire, beating (tāḍana) out into flat sheets, filing the sheets and the same process of beating it into a different shape, giving it a shape of round bar and dividing into several parts for final testing.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tāḍana (ताडन).—n (S) pop. tāḍaṇa n Beating or striking: also punishing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tāḍana (ताडन) [-ṇa, -ण].—n Beating; punishing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—a. [taḍ bhāve lyuṭ] Beating, whipping, striking.

-nam 1 Beating, whipping, flogging; लालने बहवो दोषा- स्ताडने बहवो गुणाः (lālane bahavo doṣā- stāḍane bahavo guṇāḥ) Chāṇ.12; अवतंसोत्पलताडनानि वा (avataṃsotpalatāḍanāni vā) Kumārasambhava 4.8; Ś. Til.9.

2) (In astr.) Touching, partial eclipse; Bṛ. S.24.34.

-nā Striking.

-nī A whip.

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Tāḍana (ताडन).—&c. See under तड् (taḍ).

Derivable forms: tāḍanam (ताडनम्).

See also (synonyms): tāḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tāḍanā (ताडना).—f. (Sanskrit °na, nt.), a beating: kaści kuryān na tāḍanāṃ…Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 285.1 (verse); tāḍanās, acc. pl., to be read Lalitavistara 214.3 (verse) with practically all mss. for °nā; all the series of nouns in this line are f.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—n.

(-naṃ) Beating, whipping, &c. f. (-nī) A whip. E. taḍ to beat, bhāve lyuṭ affix, fem. affix ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—i. e. taḍ + ana, I. adj., f. , Striking, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 30, 17 Gorr. Ii. n. (The act of) striking, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 151.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—[adjective] beating, striking, hurting; [neuter] the act of beating, stroke, blow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tāḍana (ताडन):—[from tāḍa] mfn. beating, striking, hitting, hurting, [Rāmāyaṇa G. i, 30, 17; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 11, 9]

2) [v.s. ...] n. striking, beating, thumping, whipping, chastising, hammering (of gold etc.), [Yājñavalkya i, 155; Mahābhārata] etc. (often ifc. with the instrument, once [Pañcatantra] with the object)

3) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) touching, partial eclipse, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xxiv, 34]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of solemn act (performed with Kuṇḍas, [Śāradā-tilaka v, 3]; or with Mantras, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Beating. f. A whip.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tāḍana (ताडन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tāḍaṇa, Tālaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tadana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tāḍanā (ताडना):—(nf) admonition, rebuke; punishment; (v) to admonish; to guess, to smell, to perceive the reality in a flash.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Tāḍaṇa (ताडण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tāḍana.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tāḍaṇa (ತಾಡಣ):—[noun] = ತಾಡನೆ [tadane].

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Tāḍana (ತಾಡನ):—[noun] = ತಾಡನೆ [tadane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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