Tadana, Tāḍana, Tadanagai: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Tadana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Tāḍana (ताडन) or Tāḍanahasta refers to “punishing” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., tāḍana-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “beating (the earth) with darbha” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Tāḍana is mentioned in the Mataṅgapārameśvara (Kriyā-pāda, chap 4), Acintyaviśvasādākhya (chapter 14), Kiraṇa-āgama (kriyā-pāda, chpater 4), Pūrvakāmika-āgama (chapter 8) and the Ajita-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 21).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Tāḍana (ताडन) means “to make an impression” and represents one of the ten purifying rites of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these [sixty defects: ...], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes [i.e., tāḍana—to make an impression, presence, etc.] for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...] Just as the weapons rubbed on the stone are sharp, so the Mantras subjected to these ten processes acquire power”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “torture” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Bharaṇī will deal in precious stones, will be flesh eaters, will be wicked men; will delight in acts of killing and torture (vadha-bandha-tāḍana); will be dealers in pod grains; will be of low descent or weak-minded. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Tāḍana (ताडन) refers to “punching”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “his collection of practices for mastering mantras for invisibility had grown”; “he was acquainted with a hundred tales about the marvels of the Śrīparvata mountain”; “his ear-cavities were punched (tāḍana) by those possessed by Piśāca-demons, who had run to him when struck by white mustard seed he had empowered with mantras more than once”.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tāḍana (ताडन).—n (S) pop. tāḍaṇa n Beating or striking: also punishing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tāḍana (ताडन) [-ṇa, -ण].—n Beating; punishing.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—a. [taḍ bhāve lyuṭ] Beating, whipping, striking.

-nam 1 Beating, whipping, flogging; लालने बहवो दोषा- स्ताडने बहवो गुणाः (lālane bahavo doṣā- stāḍane bahavo guṇāḥ) Chāṇ.12; अवतंसोत्पलताडनानि वा (avataṃsotpalatāḍanāni vā) Ku.4.8; Ś. Til.9.

2) (In astr.) Touching, partial eclipse; Bṛ. S.24.34.

-nā Striking.

-nī A whip.

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Tāḍana (ताडन).—&c. See under तड् (taḍ).

Derivable forms: tāḍanam (ताडनम्).

See also (synonyms): tāḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tāḍanā (ताडना).—f. (Sanskrit °na, nt.), a beating: kaści kuryān na tāḍanāṃ…Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 285.1 (verse); tāḍanās, acc. pl., to be read Lalitavistara 214.3 (verse) with practically all mss. for °nā; all the series of nouns in this line are f.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—n.

(-naṃ) Beating, whipping, &c. f. (-nī) A whip. E. taḍ to beat, bhāve lyuṭ affix, fem. affix ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—i. e. taḍ + ana, I. adj., f. , Striking, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 30, 17 Gorr. Ii. n. (The act of) striking, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 151.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन).—[adjective] beating, striking, hurting; [neuter] the act of beating, stroke, blow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tāḍana (ताडन):—[from tāḍa] mfn. beating, striking, hitting, hurting, [Rāmāyaṇa G. i, 30, 17; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 11, 9]

2) [v.s. ...] n. striking, beating, thumping, whipping, chastising, hammering (of gold etc.), [Yājñavalkya i, 155; Mahābhārata] etc. (often ifc. with the instrument, once [Pañcatantra] with the object)

3) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) touching, partial eclipse, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xxiv, 34]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of solemn act (performed with Kuṇḍas, [Śāradā-tilaka v, 3]; or with Mantras, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāḍana (ताडन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Beating. f. A whip.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tāḍana (ताडन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tāḍaṇa, Tālaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tadana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tāḍanā (ताडना):—(nf) admonition, rebuke; punishment; (v) to admonish; to guess, to smell, to perceive the reality in a flash.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Tāḍaṇa (ताडण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tāḍana.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tāḍaṇa (ತಾಡಣ):—[noun] = ತಾಡನೆ [tadane].

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Tāḍana (ತಾಡನ):—[noun] = ತಾಡನೆ [tadane].

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Tāḍanagai (ತಾಡನಗೈ):—[verb] = ತಾಡನೆಗೈ [tadanegai].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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