Chandasshastra, aka: Chandaḥśāstra, Chandaśśāstra, Chandas-shastra; 2 Definition(s)
Chandasshastra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Chandaḥśāstra and Chandaśśāstra can be transliterated into English as Chandahsastra or Chandahshastra or Chandassastra or Chandashshastra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Chhandashshastra.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Chandaśśāstra (छन्दश्शास्त्र) is the earliest compendium of Vedic and Classical metres of Sanskrit. It is divided into eight chapters namely adhyāya’s and composed in sūtra form. It is Halāyudha Bhaṭṭa (of 10th century) who wrote commentary namely Mṛtasañjīvanī and popularized it among the masses.
2) Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र) is the name of a work ascribed to Pūjyapāda related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition. Pūjyapāda alias Devanandin alias Jinendrabuddhi is different from the Buddhist scholar Jinendrabuddhi (author of Commentary Vivaraṇapañjikā on Kāśika).
3) Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र) is the name of a work ascribed to Rājamalla Pāṇḍe related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition. The Chandaḥśāstra is a compendium of Sanskrit, Apabhraṃśa and Hindi metres. This work was composed for king Bhāramalla of Mālavavaṃśa, who was the chief pontiff of Nagpur and contemporary of Akbar.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Chandaśśāstra (छन्दश्शास्त्र) refers to the “knowledge of the science of metre” which is as important as other aspects of poetry. Daṇḍin remarks that the prosody is like a boat/ship for the person (the reader/scholar), who wants to cross the ocean of poetry. Since there are more divisions of Vṛtta, there is a need of a history for the literature to understand its essence and relevance for the literature and subsequently its contribution towards culture and society.
Yādavaprakāśa, commentator on Chandaśśāstra of Piṅgala mentions the whole history of Sanskrit Prosody in one verse at the end of his commentary. He says: Initially the knowledge of chanda was with Lord Śiva and Bṛhaspati, the preceptor of all Gods received the knowledge from him. From Bṛhaspati, the knowledge got transferred to Indra, King of the Gods, and then to Śukrācārya, the preceptor of demons and then to Māṇḍavya. From Māṇḍavya, it was transferred to Saitava and then to Yāska and finally to Piṅgala. From Piṅgala, the knowledge of chanda is flown to us through the process of teacher-disciple tradition (guru-śiṣya-paramparā).Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (h)
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