Chandasshastra, Chandaḥśāstra, Chandaśśāstra, Chandas-shastra: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Chandasshastra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Chandaḥśāstra and Chandaśśāstra can be transliterated into English as Chandahsastra or Chandahshastra or Chandassastra or Chandashshastra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhandashshastra.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (C) next»] — Chandasshastra in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Chandaśśāstra (छन्दश्शास्त्र) is the earliest compendium of Vedic and Classical metres of Sanskrit. It is divided into eight chapters namely adhyāya’s and composed in sūtra form. It is Halāyudha Bhaṭṭa (of 10th century) who wrote commentary namely Mṛtasañjīvanī and popularized it among the masses.

2) Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र) is the name of a work ascribed to Pūjyapāda related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition. Pūjyapāda alias Devanandin alias Jinendrabuddhi is different from the Buddhist scholar Jinendrabuddhi (author of Commentary Vivaraṇapañjikā on Kāśika).

3) Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र) is the name of a work ascribed to Rājamalla Pāṇḍe related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition. The Chandaḥśāstra is a compendium of Sanskrit, Apabhraṃśa and Hindi metres. This work was composed for king Bhāramalla of Mālavavaṃśa, who was the chief pontiff of Nagpur and contemporary of Akbar.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Chandasshastra in Hinduism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (h)

Chandaśśāstra (छन्दश्शास्त्र) refers to the “knowledge of the science of metre” which is as important as other aspects of poetry. Daṇḍin remarks that the prosody is like a boat/ship for the person (the reader/scholar), who wants to cross the ocean of poetry. Since there are more divisions of Vṛtta, there is a need of a history for the literature to understand its essence and relevance for the literature and subsequently its contribution towards culture and society.

Yādavaprakāśa, commentator on Chandaśśāstra of Piṅgala mentions the whole history of Sanskrit Prosody in one verse at the end of his commentary. He says: Initially the knowledge of chanda was with Lord Śiva and Bṛhaspati, the preceptor of all Gods received the knowledge from him. From Bṛhaspati, the knowledge got transferred to Indra, King of the Gods, and then to Śukrācārya, the preceptor of demons and then to Māṇḍavya. From Māṇḍavya, it was transferred to Saitava and then to Yāska and finally to Piṅgala. From Piṅgala, the knowledge of chanda is flown to us through the process of teacher-disciple tradition (guru-śiṣya-paramparā).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Chandasshastra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र).—[neuter] metrical science, prosody.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—by Jayadeva. Kh. 87.
—[commentary] by Harṣaṭa. Kh. 87.

2) Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र):—See Pingalachandaḥsutra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Chandaḥśāstra (छन्दःशास्त्र):—[=chandaḥ-śāstra] [from chandaḥ > chad] n. metrical science, [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti i, 3, 7]

2) [v.s. ...] = -sāra

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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