Pingalaka, Piṅgalaka: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Pingalaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pingalaka in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Piṅgalaka (पिङ्गलक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.14, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Piṅgalaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pingalaka in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Piṅgalaka (पिङ्गलक) or Saṃjīvaka is the name of a lion (siṃha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 59. Accordingly, “... there lived in a neighbouring wood a  lion named Piṅgalaka, who had subdued the forest by his might; and that king of beasts had two jackals for ministers: the name of the one was Damanaka, and the name of the other was Karaṭaka”.

The story of Piṅgalaka was narrated by Gomukha to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “a man who conquers wrath will not be subject to grief; and a man who displays prudence is never harmed. Even in the case of animals prudence produces success, not valour”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Piṅgalaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pingalaka in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Piṅgalaka (पिङ्गलक) [=Daṇḍapiṅgalaka ?] (or Piṅgala) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Daṇḍa, Piṅgalaka] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pingalaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṅgalaka (पिङ्गलक).—[feminine] likā = [preceding] adj.; [feminine] a kind of owl, a woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piṅgalaka (पिङ्गलक):—[from piñj] mf(ikā)n. reddish-brown, yellow, tawny, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Yakṣa, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a man ([plural] his descendants) [gana] upakādi

4) [v.s. ...] of a lion, [Pañcatantra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pingalaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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